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Panchagavya is an organic product having the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. This topic deals with the method of preparation, recommended dosage and application for different crops.

What is Panchagavya?

Panchagavya is an organic product having the potential to play the role of promoting growth and providing immunity in plant system. Panchagavya consists of nine products viz. cow dung, cow urine, milk, curd, jaggery, ghee, banana, Tender coconut and water. When suitably mixed and used, these have miraculous effects.

How to prepare Panchagavya?

    Panchagavya ingredients

  • Cow dung - 7 kg
  • Cow ghee - 1 kg

Mix the above two ingredients thoroughly both in morning and evening hours and keep it for 3 days

  • Cow Urine - 10 liters
  • Water - 10 liters

After 3 days mix cow urine and water and keep it for 15 days with regular mixing both in morning and evening hours. After 15 days mix the following and panchagavya will be ready after 30 days.

  • Cow milk - 3 liters
  • Cow curd - 2 liters
  • Tender coconut water - 3 liters
  • Jaggery - 3 kg
  • Well ripened poovan banana – 12 nos.

All the above items can be added to a wide mouthed mud pot, concrete tank or plastic can as per the above order. The container should be kept open under shade. The content is to be stirred twice a day both in morning and evening. The Panchagavya stock solution will be ready after 30 days. (Care should be taken not to mix buffalo products. The products of local breeds of cow is said to have potency than exotic breeds). It should be kept in the shade and covered with a wire mesh or plastic mosquito net to prevent houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots in the solution. If sugarcane juice is not available add 500 g of jaggery dissolved in 3 liter of water.

Recommended dosage

Spray system: 3% solution was found to be most effective compared to the higher and lower concentrations investigated. Three litres of Panchagavya to every 100 litre of water is ideal for all crops. The power sprayers of 10 litre capacity may need 300 ml/tank. When sprayed with power sprayer, sediments are to be filtered and when sprayed with hand operated sprayers, the nozzle with higher pore size has to be used.

Flow system : The solution of Panchagavya can be mixed with irrigation water at 50 litre per hectare either through drip irrigation or flow irrigation

Seed/seedling treatment: 3% solution of Panchagavya can be used to soak the seeds or dip the seedlings before planting. Soaking for 20 minutes is sufficient. Rhizomes of Turmeric, Ginger and sets of Sugarcane can be soaked for 30 minutes before planting.

Seed storage: 3% of Panchagavya solution can be used to dip the seeds before drying and storing them.

Periodicity of spraying


Pre flowering phase

Once in 15 days, two sprays depending upon duration of crops


Flowering and pod setting stage

Once in 10 days, two sprays


Fruit / Pod maturation stage

Once during pod maturation

Time of application of Panchakavya for different crops


Time schedule


10,15,30 and 50th days after transpalnting


30,45 and 60 days after sowing

Black gram

Rainfed: 1st flowering and 15 deays after flowering 
Irrigated: 15, 25 and 40 days after sowing

Green gram

15, 25, 30, 40 and 50 days after sowing


30 and 45 days after sowing


25 and 30th days after sowing


30, 45, 60 and 75 days after sowing


Before flowering and during pod formation


Nursery and 40 days after transplanting: seed treatment with 1 % for 12 hrs


0, 45 and 60 days after transplanting


At the time of pruning and budding


Bud initiation and setting


Dipping setts before planting

Panchagavya Video Image

Organic farmer Kalaivani from Vellitiruppur in Erode district of Tamilnadu explains how to prepare the organic liquid fertilizer 'Panchagavya'. Panchagavya is known to boost immunity and promote plant growth. Cow dung and cow urine are the key ingredients of the preparation. It is usually mixed with water and is used to irrigate the fields. It can also be used as a spray. In this video, along with Panchagavya, Kalaivani also explains how to prepare a couple of other concoctions using locally available leaves and herbs to keep pests and insects away.
Minaxi Aug 24, 2015 09:09 PM

Why we use jaggery , coconut water, banana in this panchagavya?

H S PAREKH Oct 16, 2014 08:00 PM

Please do advise good sources for buying good quality Panchgavya and other cow based products for human consumption and also for horticulture purposes for use on veggies, flowers, herbs, berries, medicinal plants, cacti etc. (I have container garden housing some 50 large size pots)

H S Parekh
Ahmedabad, Gujarat
93 270 29 645

simi susan Sep 17, 2014 08:35 AM

Panchagavya is a growth enhancer which consists of 5 ingredients. They are cow dung,ghee,cow urine,milk and curd. Dasa gavya consists of 10 ingredients and Jeevamrith consists of the above said nine ingredients( ingredients which noted under panchagavya in the article).

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