T17 2019/10/18 10:25:47.179021 GMT+0530
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Apple Pests

This topic covers the information related to Pest and significance for Apple

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • San-Jose-scale: Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comstock (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Woolly apple aphid: Eriosoma lanigerum Hausman (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Apple leaf folder and fruit scrapper: Archips termias (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Root borer: Dorysthenes hugelli Redtenbacher (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
  • Apple stem borer: Apriona cinerea Cheverlot (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
  • Indian gypsy moth: Lymantria obfuscate Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantridae)
  • Blossom thrips: Thrips fl avus Schrank (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Spider mites: Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acarina : Tetranychidae)
  • European red mite: Panonychus ulmi Koch (Acarina : Tetranychidae)

Diseases

  • Apple scab: Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) Wint
  • Marssonina leaf blotch (pre mature leaf fall): Marssonina coronaria Ellis & Davis
  • Black rot and canker: Botryosphaeria obtuse Schw.
  • Collar rot: Phytophthora cactorum Lebert & Cohn
  • Powdery mildew: Podosphaera leucotricha Ellis & Everh
  • Sooty blotch and fly speck: Gloeodes pomigena Schwein., Schizothyrium pomi (Mont. & Fr.) Arx
  • Apple mosaic and other virus diseases: Apple mosaic virus, Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus

Nematode

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp.

Weeds

Broad leaf weeds

  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parvifl ora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. (Oxalidaceae)
  • Musk rose/rosehip: Rosa moschata Herrm. (Rosaceae)
  • Brambles: Rubus spp. (Rosaceae)
  • European barberry: Berberis spp. (Berberidaceae)
  • Garden spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Lantana: Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae)
  • Common sorrel: Rumex spp. (Polygonaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)

Grassy weeds

  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae)

Sedges

  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Apple fruit moth: Argyresthia conjugella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) (Himachal Pradesh)
  • Codling moth: Cydia pomonella Linnaeus (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh)
  • Tent caterpillar: Malacosoma indica Walker (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • Apple maggot: Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Diseases

  • Alternaria leaf spot/blight: Alternaria alternata f. sp. mali (Fr.) Keissl. (Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh)
  • Core rot: Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl., Trichothecium roseum (Pers.) Link , Fusarium spp. etc.
  • Brown rot: Monilinia spp. (Delhi)
  • White root rot: Rosellinia necatrix Berl. ex Prill.
  • Seedling blight: Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.

IPM for Apple

To know the IPM practices for Apple, click here.

Source: NIPHM, and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

3.00684931507
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