T17 2019/12/16 02:15:56.099843 GMT+0530
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Banana Pests

This topic covers the information related to Pest and significance for Banana

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Banana rhizome weevil: Cosmopolitus sordidus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Banana stem weevil: Odoiporus longicollis Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Banana leaf eating caterpiller: Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Banana aphid: Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Banana thrips:
    • Rust thrips: Cheatanophothrips signipennis Bagnall (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
    • Leaf thrips: Helionothrips kadaliphilus Ramak (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
    • Flower thrips: Thrips florum Schumtz (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Banana leaf and fruit scarring beetle: Nodostoma (Basilepta) subcostatum Jac. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
  • Banana lacewing bug: Stephanitis typicus Distant (Hemiptera: Tingidae)

Diseases

  • Panama wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (E.F.Sm.) W.C.Snyder & H.N. Hansen
  • Mycosphaerella leaf spot:
    • Yellow sigatoka: Mycosphaerella musicola R. Leach ex J.L. Mulder
    • Black sigatoka: Mycosphaerella fi jiensis Morelet
  • Anthracnose: Colletrotrichum musae Green & Goos, Gloeosporium musarum Cke. & Massee
  • Tip rot or bacterial soft rot: Erwinia carotovora (Jones) Edward
  • Banana bunchy top disease (BBTD): Bunchy top virus or Banana virus - 1 or Musa virus–1
  • Banana bract mosaic virus: Banana bract mosaic virus (BBMV; potyvirus)
  • Banana streak disease (BSV): Banana streak virus (Badna virus)
  • Infectious chlorosis: Cucumber mosaic virus (Cucumovirus)

Weeds

Broad leaf
  • Spiny pigweed: Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Slender pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Carrot weed: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Common purslane: Portulaca olaracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • Tridax daisy: Tridax procumbens L. (Asteraceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L., E. geniculata, Ortega (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Knotweed: Polygonum plebeium R.Br. (Polygonaceae)
  • Touch me not weed: Mimosa pudica L. (Mimosaceae)
Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers (Poaceae)
  • Crab grass: Digitaria sanguinalis L. Scop (Poaceae)
  • Indian goosegrass: Eleusine indica L. Gaetrn (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Hard scale: Aspidiotus destructor Signoret (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Fruit fly: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae) (Karnataka)
  • Bag worm: Kophene cuprea Moore. (Lepidoptera: Psychidae)
  • Banana scab moth: Nacoleia octasema Meyr (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) (Uttar Pradesh)

Diseases

  • Cigar end rot: Verticillium theobromae (Turconi) E.W. Mason & S. Hughes (Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala)
  • Finger tip or black tip rots: Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. (Karnataka, Bihar, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh)

Nematodes

  • Burrowing nematode: Radopholus similis Cobb. (Manipur, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Goa, Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar  Pradesh)
  • Root-lesion nematode: Pratylenchus coff eae Zimmerman. (Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Tamil Nadu)
  • Spiral nematode: Helicotylenchus multicinctus Cobb (Tripura, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra)
  • Root knot nematode: Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood (Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh)

IPM for Banana

To know the IPM practices for Banana, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

3.01369863014
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