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Potato Pests

This topic covers the information related to Pest and significance for Potato

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Aphids: Myzus persicae Sulzerand, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Potato tuber moth: Phthorimaea operculella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
  • Jassids/ leaf hoppers: Amrasca devastans Dist. and Empoasca fabae Harris (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
  • Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Nematode

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne sp.

Diseases

  • Late blight: Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary
  • Black scurf: Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn
  • Leaf spot complex: Alternaria sp, Phoma sp.
  • Septoria leaf spot: Septoria lycopersici var. malagutii Ciccarone & Boerema
  • Early blight: Alterneria solani Sorauer
  • Common scab: Streptomyces scabies Lambert and Loria
  • Bacterial wilt: Ralstonia solanacearum Smith
  • Viral diseases : (Potato virus X, S, Y and Potato leaf roll virus)

Weeds

Kharif
Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forsk. (Amaranthaceae)
Grasses
  • Rabbit/ crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Rabi
Broadleaf
  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Rough medic: Medicago denticulata Willd (Fabaceae)
  • Broad leaf wood sorrel: Oxalis latifolia Kunth. (Oxalidaceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Onion weed: Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. (Liliaceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
Grasses
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
Rodent and non-rodent vertebrate pests
  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis
  • Indian creased porcupine: Hystrix indica
  • Wild boar: Sus scrofa

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Cut worm: Agrotis segetum Denis & Schiffer müller (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Tripura, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh)
  • White grub: Lachnosterna longipennis Blanchard and L. coracea (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)(Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Leafminer: Liriomyza huidobrensi Blanchard (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Spider mites: Polyphagotarsonemus latus Banks (Acarina: Tarsonemidae) (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa)
  • Thrips: Thrips sp (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Orissa)
  • Tobacco caterpillar: Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka)
  • Leaf eating caterpillar/gram pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Punjab, Haryana, Himanchal Pradesh)
  • Semi looper: Trichoplusia ni Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Haryana, Himanchal Pradesh)

Diseases

  • Potato spotted wilt virus (Karnataka)
  • Charcoal rot: Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. (Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Central provinces, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) (Himachal Pradesh, Bihar)
  • Pink rot: Phytophthora erythroseptica Pethybr. (Himachal Pradesh)
  • Soft rot: Erwinia carotovora Winslow (Delhi)
  • Black heart (disorder): Acute oxygen deficiency

Nematodes

  • Golden nematode: Globodera rostochinensis (Wollenweber) (Tamil Nadu)
  • Potato cyst nematode: Globodera pallida (Stone) (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Rodent

  • Indian porcupine: Hystrix indica Kerr

IPM for Potato

To know the IPM practices for Potato, click here.

Source: NIPHM,  and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

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