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Technologies from CIPHET

Technologies developed and commercialised by CIPHET under the All India Coordinated Research Project on Post Harvest Technology are covered here.

Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET), Ludhiana, Punjab has developed and commercialised many technologies under the All India Coordinated Research Project on Post Harvest Technology. The All India Coordinated Research Project on Post Harvest Technology was launched by the ICAR in September 1972 at ten locations. During the V, VI and IX Plans, eleven more centres were inducted. In X Plan EFC, eight new centres were started and four existing centres were assigned enlarged mandate on dairy, fisheries, horticulture, and meat products. Besides, five ongoing centres of AICRP on Jaggery and Khandsari were merged with AICRP on PHT w. e. f. April 2004. During XI Plan, four new centres (CAU Gangtok, BAU Ranchi, MAFSU Mumbai and KVA&FSU Mangalore) have been approved by the Planning Commission.

Technologies developed and commercialised under AICRP on PHT are detailed below.

PKV Mini Dal Mill

PKV Mini Dal Mill

Specifications and salient technical features Dimensions: 1.5 m (L) × 1.3 (B) × 1.8 (H) Weight – 320 kg It consists of dehulling unit, sieve unit, screw conveyor, blower, cyclone separator and splitter. It operates using 3 hp single phase electric motor. One semiskilled and another unskilled labour are required to operate the mill. The space requirement is 250 m2 (50 m2 room and 200 m2 drying yard).The whole grain, dal, broken, husk and powder are separated mechanically. Pulses are transported to commercial dal mills in urban areas and finished product goes back for consumption to villages which impose burden of transportation on producer as well as consumer. However, a sizable portion of pulses were milled by burr mills, where the recovery seldom exceeds 55%. In order to have solution to these problems the PKV mini dal mill was developed with cleaning and grading of grains as well as polishing of split dal in a single unit and commercialized.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) The processing capacity of dal mill is 100 -125 kg/h for pigeon pea and 125 – 150 kg/h for green gram and black gram. The respective dal recoveries are 72 – 75 % and 80 – 82 %.
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Cost of unit – 55000/- (Excluding Tax) Initial investment – Rs. 60,000/- Operating cost - Rs. 175/q of raw material (Pigeon pea) and  Rs. 220/h
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Increased dal recovery of about 17 % can be achieved by using PKV mini dal mill over conventional system besides decrease in losses. Maximum unit operations are mechanized which results in significant reduction in labour and time of operation. Dusty atmosphere is avoided.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) i)MAIDC,Rajan house, near century bazar , Mumbai
ii )J.S.Corporation,(O)Mangaldas Market,
Akola – 444001
Ph.No. – 0724 – 2433660
(F) H – 72, Phase – III, MIDC, Akola – 444104
Ph.no. :0724 – 2258065 Mobile no.: 9371009934
iii)  Annapurna Machine Fabrik, pvt.Ltd.
F – 10/2, MIDC, Shiroli, Kholapur – 416122
Ph. no. – 0230 – 2468665 / 2468903 Mb.no. : 9764999800 (Mr. Mehta)
iv)   Ajay Industries, C-3, MIDC area, Amravati – 444605
Ph.No.  0721 – 2520305
v )Eros Metal Works (P) Ltd.
G 5, MIDC Industrial Area, Hingana Road, Nagpur – 440028
Ph. no.: 07104 – 237775/ 236288/ 320793
vi )  R.K. Industries, D-39, Phase – II, MIDC,
Akola – 444104 (M.S.)
Mob. No.: 9423428980
vii )   Group Surya
(O)  Balaji Residency, Plot no. – 50, Flat no. – 2, Mahatma Phule nagar,
Chinchwad, Pune – 411019 (M.S.)
(F)  Gat. no.-90, Plot no. – 2, Hari Om Audhyogik Nagari,
Talawade, Pune – 412114 Mb.no. : 9373839100
viii) Shri. Ram Associates
Plot no. – J/27, Phase – III, MIDC, Akola – 444104
Ph. No. : 0724 – 2258325 Mob. No. : 9823090002
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT College of Agricultural Engineering
Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth,
Krishi  Nagar, AKOLA - 444 104 (Maharashtra)
Ph. No. 0724 – 2258266 (O)
phtsakola@gmail.com

PDKV Fruit Grader

PKV Fruit Grader

Specifications and salient technical features
Dimensions –
2.30 m(L) × 1.50 m(B) × 1.50 m(H)
Weight – 365 kg
The roller type fruit grader having four pairs of rollers (PVC pipes) of 100 mm diameter and 1500 mm length rotating (opposite and outward) at 80 rpm with adjustable diverging gap between each pairs of roller. It operates on 1 hp single phase electric motor and requires four unskilled labourers. The grader is useful for grading spherical fruits into 3 to 4 grades with 70 to 85 % grading efficiency.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity – 8 - 10 t/day,
Efficiency – 70 – 85%
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Unit cost – Rs. 71,750 (Excluding tax)
Initial Investments- Rs. 4,50,000/-
Operating cost – Rs. 125/h, Rs.125/t
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
It minimizes the fruit handling besides increased capacity of 1.5 times over conventional system
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
1 ) Maa Durga Plastic Products
J- 19, Phase – III, MIDC, Akola – 444104
Ph. No.: 0724 – 2258523 / 2258529
2 ) R.K. Industries, D-39, Phase – II, MIDC, Akola – 444104
Mb.no.: 9423428980
3 ) Shri. Ram Associates, Plot no. – J/27, Phase – III, MIDC,
Akola – 444104 Ph. No. : 0724 – 2258325  Mob.no. : 9823090002
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Agricultural Engineering
Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth,
Krishi  Nagar, AKOLA - 444 104 (Maharashtra)
Ph. No. 0724 – 2258266 (O)
phtsakola@gmail.com

PKV Chilli Seed Extractor

PKV Chilli Seed Extractor

Specifications and salient technical features
Dimensions:  2.44 m(L) ×1.42 m(B) × 1.78 m (H)
Weight – 4.13 kg
Presently the chilli seed is extracted by filling in bags and beating with wooden sticks. This is a tedious method. Inhalations of fine particles result in continuous sneezing and irritation of labour’s body. Due to this, it is difficult to get the labour for this operation. The problem becomes more severe on large scale i.e. in seed processing plants, seed companies, etc. This method has low output and efficiency. To avoid this, a chilli seed extractor was developed with 100-125 kg/h capacity operated by 2.0 hp single phase electric motor. It consists of drum with flat pegs enclosed inside the casing and the pegs are arranged in such a way that when rotated each peg of drum passes between two pegs on the stationary belts on casing. This arrangement enables to break all the chilli fruits entering the casing by impact. The screen was provided below the drum to separate the seed from chilli husk. The recovery of seed from chilli fruits is about 94 – 98 % at 9 – 10 % m.c. (wb) with no deterioration on seed germination. It being closed system minimized the sneezing and body irritation.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity – 100-125 kg/h dry red chilli fruits.
Seed recovery – 94 - 98 %
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output
Unit cost – Rs. 62,125/- (Excluding Tax)
Initial investment Rs. 1,12,500/-
Operating cost Rs. 75/h and Rs. 75/q
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Besides minimizing sneezing and body irritation, the capacity of seed extraction is 2-3 times more than the conventional system with no deterioration in seed germination and good seed recovery (94-98%).
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
1) Maa Durga Plastic Products
J- 19, Phase – III, MIDC, Akola – 444104
Ph.no.: 0724 – 2258523 & 0724 – 2258529
2) Shri. Ram Associates, Plot no. – J/27, Phase – III, MIDC,
Akola – 444104 Ph. no. : 0724 – 2258325 Mb.no. : 9823090002
For more details, contact
Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Agricultural Engineering
Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth,
Krishi  Nagar, AKOLA - 444 104 (Maharashtra)
Ph. No. 0724 – 2258266 (O)
phtsakola@gmail.com

Vivek Millet Thresher cum Pearler

Vivek Millet Thresher1

Vivek Millet Thresher2

Specifications and salient technical features
Technical specification
Length             : 660 mm
Width               : 310 mm
Height              :  1040 mm
Wight               :   45 kg
Power source             : 1 hp electric motor
Threshing drum speed : 750 rpm
Motor specification
Power :750 watt
RPM : 1425
Insulation level: B Class
Voltage : 220-230
Ampere : 7.6
Phase : Single
Outer dia of motor pully: 62 mm
Manufacture of motor: Crompton greaves
Principle of operation
Works in the principle of beating and friction of the drum with the grains/ear head.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Threshing capacity of
Madua and Madira                     : 60-80 kg/hr
Perling capacity of Madua       : 80-100 kg
Perling capacity of Madira       : 2.5-4.0 kg
Threshing efficiency    : 98 %
Perling efficiency  Madua    : 98%
Perling efficiency  Madira   : 90%
Time saving: 5 h/day
Improvement in storage life (extended period): 180 to 200 days
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output
Cost of machine :    Rs 12,000/-
Operational cost :Rs. 3.60/hr
Pearling cost       : Rs. 0.1 per kg
Dehulling cost     : Rs 6.0 per kg
Threshing cost                :Rs. 0.20 per kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Conventional threshing efficiency of madua is upto 30 per cent where as that of madira is  up to 50 percent only. Similarly threshing capacity of madua is 15-20 kg/hr and that of madira is 30-35 kg/hr. Due to this low capacity as well as low efficiency in the conventional threshing, the cost of labor increases, quality reduces thereby reducing the net profit. Labour cost reduction is Rs 50/q (for pearling) and reduction in post harvest losses is 5-6 percent. Therefore, using Vivek Madua/Madira thresher cum pearler net profit increased.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Punjob Agricultural Impliments Pvt Ltd.,
Railway Road, Shaharanpur, UP – 247001
VPKAS, Almora-263601 (Uttarkhand)
For more details, contact
Director, VPKAS, Almora-263601 Uttarkhand
Website: www.vpkas.nic.in E mail   :vpkas@nic.in
Phone  :05962-230208, Fax        :05962-231539

3-in-1 Mini Groundnut Decorticator cum Sunflower Thresher cum Maize Sheller

3in1 groundnut, sunflower and maize sheller

Specifications and salient technical features
Suitable for decortication of groundnut seed pods / threshing of sunflower earheads or maize cobs particularly to small farmers. It is a small hand-operated device with a mild steel body.  The ribbed threshing cylinder consists of rubber cushions to facilitate smooth shelling of the pods inside the shelling chamber. The pods are fed through a 500 g capacity hopper. When the handle is rotated, the pods get shelled inside the shelling chamber and both the shell and kernel fall through the sieve at the bottom of the shelling chamber to be separated manually. The equipment is provided with two separate inter-changeable attachments for maize shelling and sunflower threshing which can be fitted to the shaft at the far end of the shaft.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Decorticates 15 kg groundnut pods / hour; 12-15 kg shelled maize or sunflower seeds
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.850/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Cost of seed groundnut pod shelling will drastically come down to about 1/10th when this manual equipment is employed; Seed pods can be decorticated  just a day or two before sowing; Helps timely sowing of groundnut
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer AICRP (PHT),
University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065. Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com
Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346 TeleFax: 080-23545640

Safe Storage of Pulses using Sand Layer

Safe Storage of Pulses

Specifications and salient technical features
The technology provides total control of bruchid infestation in stored pulse grains without use of chemicals. It is particularly suitable for small and marginal farmers for safe storage of their pulses.
The technology involves two steps – i) Extended sun-drying of pulse grains on a concrete threshing yard / black tarpaulin / black polyethylene sheet for 25 hours (spread over 3-5 days) in a single grain layer and, ii) Storage of the dried pulse grain in a plastic or metal bin with one inch thick layer of dry sand spread uniformly on the top of the grain surface. The storage bin is then covered with a tight lid without disturbing the sand layer till the end of storage period.

Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)

The Technology has undergone extensive Farm Trials in farmers’ house-holds and has been included in the Package of Practices of the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Very low storage cost. Initial investment basically depends on the quantity of pulses to be stored (i.e., the size of storage bin and also the size of black tarpaulin /black polyethylene used for drying)
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
This low cost technology is simple and very effective in protecting storage loss of pulses at farm level. It almost gives 100% protection against pulse beetle damage during storage.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer AICRP (PHT),
University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346 TeleFax: 080-23545640

White Pepper Machine

White Pepper machine

Specifications and salient technical features
Suitable for production of white pepper corns from freshly harvested mature green pepper berries; Can also be used for black pepper with additional microbial retting treatment to berries.
The machine removes outer pericarp from steeped fresh mature pepper berries (also from black pepper) to get white pepper kernels. It consists of a rotor shaft attached with 4 nylon brushes that rub the steeped pepper berries against the perforated metallic concave cylinder. During the operation continuous water supply is provided to the pulping chamber so that the loosened pulp (pericarp) is washed away by water through the sieve and the natural white pepper kernels are collected at the far end. The product should be further dried to the storable moisture content. All the contact parts of the machine where the pepper move are made up of food grade materials.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
125-150 kg/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs 30000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Making white pepper instead of conventional black pepper is a good value addition to the farmers’ produce. White pepper is a niche market product almost double the cost of black pepper and has good export potential.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer, AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Manual Arecanut Dehusker

Manual Arecanut Dehusker

Specifications and salient technical features Suitable especially to small holdings for dehusking freshly harvested mature green areca nut.  It is a manually operated unit developed to replace the traditional dehusking tool which involves drudgery. Simultaneously four persons can dehusk arecanuts. The unit is made of mild steel body mounted on angle iron stand. The dehusking assembly consists of two sharp edged blades, one being stationary and the other movable, operated by a pedal through a linkage mechanism. The unit has a hopper to hold 20 kg raw nuts and the raw nut freely flows to the dehusking tray by gravity. The outer shell of freshly harvested nut is pierced by pressing the nut against the sharp edge of the blade and the leg pedal is operated to split the husk. Two or strokes are required to completely dehusk a nut.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) 160 kg fresh arecanut nut per day / person
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)

Rs.5500/-

How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Dehusking freshly harvested mature green areca nut is a skilled job and labour intensive. With this developed unit, even a lay man can dehusk without any training and drudgery is drastically reduced. Cost of dehusking also reduced by about 10%.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd. #3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact - Research Engineer AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065 Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346 TeleFax: 080-23545640

Tamarind Dehuller-cum-Deseeder

Tamarind Dehuller

Specifications and salient technical features
Useful for dehulling of freshly harvested matured dry tamarind fruits and then expelling seeds from dehulled fruits. This is a composite unit consisting of a tamarind dehulling unit and a deseeding unit. The dehulling unit consists of serrated mild steel rings mounted on two parallel shafts which rotate in opposite directions. Small pins welded on to the surface of the rings act as beaters to break and separate the brittle tamarind shell. The deseeder consists of a rotating fluted stainless steel roller and a stationary rasp bar. When the dehulled dry tamarind fruits pass between the fluted roller and the rasp bar, the seeds are squeezed out of the tamarind pulp.  The expelled seeds are then separated manually.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Dehulling - 600 kg/h or Deseeding - 45 kg/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs 40000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
There is no machine in the market to dehull or deseed tamarind fruits. Traditional processing is cumbersome, laborious and involves drudgery.  With this machine, tamarind processing is made easier and cost of processing will come down drastically.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer
AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

2-in-1 Maize Sheller-Cum-Sunflower Thresher

2in1 Maize Shellar

Specifications and salient technical features
This gadget can be used for shelling maize cobs or for threshing sunflower ear-heads. It has been designed to cater to the threshing needs of small and marginal maize growers especially for seed production. It is a motor driven equipment with separate inter-changeable attachments for shelling maize cob / threshing sunflower ear-heads. A shaft driven by an electric motor rotates at about 200 rpm. On both ends of the shaft, either the maize shelling (tubular sheller) or sunflower threshing attachments (disc with pins) are fixed. Individual cob / ear-head is shelled / threshed manually and the seed damage is bare minimum making it suitable for seed production.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
1 quintal of threshed maize grains per hour for 2 persons
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs 6500/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
In case of seed production, maize cobs are hand shelled which is laborious and involves drudgery. The developed unit is electrically operated with single phase motor and is relatively faster and also reduces drudgery. Cost of threshing will come down at least by 10-15%.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer
AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Ph :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Pedal Operated Coconut Dehusker

Pedal operated coconut dehusker
Specifications and salient technical features
Suitable particularly for small farmers to dehusk coconut with ease and minimal effort. It can be conveniently used in the household for domestic dehusking both by men and women.  The dehusker consists of two sharp edged blades, one being stationary and the other movable - operated by a foot pedal through linkage mechanism. The twin-blades are mounted on a tubular stand.  The unhusked coconut is pierced on the wedge like blades and then the foot pedal is pressed to split open and separate a portion of the husk. The operation is repeated 3-4 times until complete dehusking is done.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Dehusking capacity : 50-60 nuts /h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.600/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Traditionally, dehusking is done by skilled labour and the availability of such labour is a big constraint in recent years. This tool is handy for dehusking coconuts without much skill.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer
AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Mango Harvester

Mango Harvester

Specifications and salient technical features
This tool is useful to pluck mango fruits from the trees without fruit damage. It is a simple and maintenance free gadget comprising of a metal ring with a fixed knife edge at one end for cutting the petiole of the fruit. Nylon net is fixed to the metal ring to hold the plucked fruits. The unit needs to be fixed to a long pole of suitable length to reach the fruits on the tree.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
750 fruits / h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.100/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
This low cost gadget is very useful for farmers to harvest mango fruits without damage. Though imitates traditional gadget, the availability of such gadget in the market is a problem at present. The developed one is always made available in ATIC near university gate.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd. #3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer
AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Sapota Harvester

Sapota Harvester

Specifications and salient technical features
This tool is useful to pluck sapota fruits from the trees without fruit damage. It is a simple and maintenance free gadget comprising of a metal ring with a fixed knife edge at one end for cutting the petiole of the fruit. Nylon net is fixed to the metal ring to hold the plucked fruits. The unit needs to be fixed to a long pole of suitable length to reach the fruits on the tree.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
400 fruits / h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.100/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
This low cost gadget is very useful to the  farmers to harvest sapota fruits without damage.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer
AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Portable Winnower

Portable Winnower

Specifications and salient technical features
Useful for winnowing of agricultural produce after threshing. The winnower consists of an axial flow fan operated by a 1 hp motor enclosed in a casing with adjustable shutter. The shutter can be tilted up or down to adjust the direction of the air-flow. The winnowing fan assembly is mounted on a tall frame with caster wheels to facilitate easy mobility of the unit especially in rural environment.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
5 quintal of threshed grains per hour
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs 14000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Winnowing of grains made possible even during non-windy season. Labour cost of winnowing grains after threshing will come down by about10%.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Dollar Engineering Industries Pvt. Ltd.
#3, Adjacent to BIS, Tumkur Road, 1st Stage, Peenya, Bangalore  - 560 058, India.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer AICRP (PHT), University of Agricultural Sciences,
GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346
TeleFax: 080-23545640

Ready-to-Serve Beverage from Jackfruit

RTS from Jackfruit

Specifications and salient technical features
The technology is for the production of Ready-to-Serve jackfruit beverage, a new product to the market. Well matured and ripe deseeded minimally processed jackfruit bulbs are mashed in a blender-mixer grinder to get pulp. Required quantity of pulp (12%), sugar (13%), citric acid (0.2%) are blended with boiling water (75–80 %) in a container and boiled for 15 minutes at 80-85°C. The contents are cooled and filtered through muslin cloth or filters. Potassium meta-bisulphate, the chemical preservative 100 mg per litre is added to the cooled, filtered juice. The juice is then filled into clean heat-sterilized glass bottles and sealed with cork using cork sealing machine. Cork sealed bottles are pasteurized in a water bath at 85–90°C for 20 minutes. The developed RTS beverage (13° Brix and 0.2% acidity) is ready to be served.  The RTS beverage can be stored for 2 months under room temperature and 4 months under low temperature.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Technology has been demonstrated to many SHGs in four States
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
This is Lab Scale technology needs to be scaled up for commercial exploitation. The production cost is worked out be approximately Rs 3/- per bottle of 200 ml.
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Farmers are not processing jackfruit and it is mostly used as table fruit. Processing into a value added product will significantly increase farmers’ income.
For more details, contact -
Research Engineer AICRP (PHT),
University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore – 560065
Email: palanimuthuv@rediffmail.com Phone  :  080-23330153 Extn 345, 346 TeleFax: 080-23545640

Large Scale Drying of Chillies by converting Tobacco Barns

Large-scale drying of chillies

Specifications and salient technical features
Any type of existing tobacco barns can be converted to dry chillies (generally 1 to 1.2 t /batch)
Size of the trays : 2 ½’ X 3 ½ ‘X 3”
Temperature of drying air is controlled by ventilator opening and feed rate of fuel in the furnace.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Drying air temp : 45oC –  50oC
Drying time : 45-50 h
Moisture reduction : 70% to 10%
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs. 3 - 4 /kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Existing tobacco barns has limited usage during season only. Rest of the time, barn is lying vacant. Instead, with little modifications, existing barns can be readily used to dry the chillies during off season.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/S Arfa Agro Products, D-No:25-11-31, GT Road, Guntur – 4  A.P.
Ph: 9849788786
For more details, contact -
Principal Scientist (Agri Engg) & Head,
Post Harvest Technology Centre, Agricultural College Campus,
Bapatla – 522 101, Guntur (Dist), Andhra Pradesh
Tele Fax : +91 – 8643- 225180 Email:phtcbapatla@gmail.com,
phtc_bapatla@rediffmail.com

Mechanical Rapid Chilly/Turmeric Rhizome Dryer

mechanical rapid chilli dryer

Specifications and salient technical features
Capacity : 1 ton/batch
Tray size: (mm): 900 x 700 x 125 mm
Two cabinets with four sliding doors for loading and unloading
Each cabinet has 24 trays of each 25 kg capacity. Total trays: 48 No
Fuel burner and finned tube heat exchanger
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Total moisture removal : 722 kg in 20 hrs ie., 36.1 kg/hr
Energy requirement: (36.1 x 8000000)/4.2 = 48,762 Kcal/hr
Calorific Value  of LDO: 12000 Kcal/litre
Burner capacity 3.5 litres/hr LDO
Burner blower capacity: 100 cfm (ft3/min.)
Capacity of hot air blower: 3000 cfm (5100 m3/h)
Drying temp : 55 - 60oC
Drying time : 16-30 h
Moisture reduction : 80% - 10%
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs 3.5 lakhs
Rs. 7 - 8 /kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
For drying of chillies, generally sun drying is followed. Sun drying takes more than 20 days to dry the product to safe moisture level. At the same time more percentage of discoloured pods (10%) and poor colour retentions are the problems generally faced by the farmers. These problems can be overcome by the present developed dryer.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
1.M/s Mathesis Engineers Pvt. Ltd., Plot no: B-35,BHEL- AIE, Ramachandrapuram, Hyderabad,Telangana
2.M/s Farm Steel Products, Plot no : 17 & 18, Industrial Estate, Autonagar, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
For more details, contact -
Principal Scientist (Agri Engg) & Head,
Post Harvest Technology Centre, Agricultural College Campus,
Bapatla – 522 101, Guntur (Dist), Andhra Pradesh
Tele Fax : +91 – 8643- 225180 Email:phtcbapatla@gmail.com,
phtc_bapatla@rediffmail.com

Mobile Turmeric Steam Boiler

Mobile Turmeric Steam Boiler

Specifications and salient technical features
Capacity : 500/1000 kg/h
Water tank capacity : 2000lt
Feed pump : 1 HP monobloc pump
Boiler dimension : 1200 mm Ø X 1350 mm
Boiler capacity : 3.5 m3
Pressure : 1 kg/cm2
Holding bin size: 1500 mm Ø X 700 mm
Capacity of holding bin : 125 kg
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Cooking temp:80oC
Cooking time : 10 min
Moisture Content: Initial : 75% Final : 78%
Drying time : 10-12 days
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Unit Cost : Rs. 4.00 lakhs
Operating cost : Rs 3.00/kg dry rhizome
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Conventional low capacity cooking method is unhygienic, labour intensive and yields very poor quality of rhizome with discolouration. Further, drying time after cooking takes much time. New technology has mitigated all the problems associated with the conventional cooking technology. Operating cost in conventional method is Rs 3.50/dry rhizome.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Best Engineering Technologies, Plot no: 69/A, Rajiv Gandhi Nagar, Industrial Estate, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500 037
For more details, contact -
Principal Scientist (Agri Engg) & Head, Post Harvest Technology Centre,
Agricultural College Campus, Bapatla – 522 101, Guntur (Dist), Andhra Pradesh Tele Fax : +91 – 8643- 225180
Email:phtcbapatla@gmail.com, phtc_bapatla@rediffmail.com

ANGRAU Multipurpose Poly house Solar Dryer

ANGRAU multipurpose dryer

Specifications and salient technical features
Capacity of the dryer : 2 tons/batch
Size of the poly house : 40’ X 25’ X 8’
Total number of ventilators : 24 No
Size of ventilator : 1.5’ X 0.7 ‘
Total area of wire mesh trays : 2040 sqft
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Drying time : 6-7 days
Drying temp : 45 -56oC
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.1,14,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
The new technology dries the chillies in clean environment inside the poly house there by quality of dried chillies with respect to colour retention, appearance is maintained at the same time contamination  causing agents like fungi, dust,dirt is avoided.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
1.M/S Arfa Agro Products,D-No:25-11-31,GT Road, Guntur – 4  A.P.
Ph: 9849788786
2.M/s Hytas Corporation, 3-6-295F2,Pioneer Chambers, Hyderguda, Hyderabad-29
For more details, contact -
Principal Scientist (Agri Engg) & Head,
Post Harvest Technology Centre, Agricultural College Campus,
Bapatla – 522 101, Guntur (Dist), Andhra Pradesh
Tele Fax : +91 – 8643- 225180
Email:phtcbapatla@gmail.com,  phtc_bapatla@rediffmail.com

Pedal cum Power Operated Cleaner

Pedal Operated Cleaner

Specifications and salient technical features
It is a power-operated grain cleaner operated by 370 W electric motor.  Alternatively, it can be operated by pedal also. The equipment is used to remove dust, dirt, straw, chaff, etc. and can grade the cereals and pulses. The capacity of the cleaner varies between 330 to 800 kg per hour depending upon the type of grain. The cleaning efficiency and cost of this equipment is 99% and Rs. 20,000, respectively.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
capacity 330 to 800 kg/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Cost of equipment – Rs. 20,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
The benefits of this equipment over the conventional manual cleaning system are reduction in drudgery and increase in capacity. The grain cleaned on this fetches better price and also reduces the storage losses and saving on maintenance of machine. Specific advantages
  • Increased out put: 330 to 800 kg/h (depending on commodity)
  • Higher efficiency (to be specified)99.1 -  99.9%
  • Better quality and value addition of about Rs. 400 per tonne
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i) M/s Shri Manak Industries
Plot No. 70 – B, Sector – H, Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
ii) M/s. Yashoda Engineering Laghu Udyog,
Shed No.12, Sector – I, Industrial Estate Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
iii) M/s. Vinod Enterprises 104, Sector – I, Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
iv) M/s Venkatesh Agro Engineering Works,
C-30, Additional MIDC,
Jalna, Maharashtra– 431203
v) M/s Ajay Industries,
Plot no. C-3 MIDC Area,
Amaravati(M.H.) 444605,India
vi) M/s Captain Tractors Pvt. Ltd.,
Padvala Road, Veraval (Shapar)
Ta. Kotdasanganj, Dist.- Rajkot, Gujarat
For more details, contact
Head,Technology Transfer Division, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,Nabi Bagh, Bhopal – 462038
Ph.0755-2521133, Fx. 0755-2734016

Multi-purpose Grain Mill

Multipurpose Grain Mill

Specifications and salient technical features
Multi-purpose grain mill designed at CIAE is used to for grinding of cereals, pulses and some spices like coriander, cumin etc. It is a 1 hp single phase electric motor operated equipment to produce grits, flour, powder and splits of the feed material. The grain with 8-10 per cent moisture content (wet basis) and with low oil content are most suitable.  Capacity of the equipment varies from.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity 10-20 kg/hr for flour or powder making well it is 50-70 kg/hr for dal making
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Cost of equipment – Rs. 19,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Very much suitable for cottage scale enterprises or Agro Processing Centers.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i) M/s Shri Manak Industries
Plot No. 70 – B, Sector – H, Industrial Estate Govindpura,
Bhopal 462 023
ii) M/s. Yashoda Engineering
Laghu Udyog, Shed No.12, Sector – I,Industrial Estate Govindpura, Bhopal
iii) M/s. Vinod Enterprises
104, Sector – I,Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
iv) M/s Venkatesh Agro Engineering Works,
C-30, Additional MIDC,
Jalna, Maharashtra– 431203
For more details, contact
Head,Technology Transfer Division, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,Nabi Bagh, Bhopal – 462 038
Ph.0755-2521133, Fx. 0755-2734016

Potato Peeler and Slicer

Potato Peeler1 Potato Peeler2

Specifications and salient technical features
Potato peeler and slicer are batch type pedal operated equipment suitable for peeling and slicing of potato of varied size. These slices are used for production of chips, wafers etc. Enhancement in capacity, reduction in drudgery and prevention of material loss are the benefits from these equipment.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity 150 kg/h
Efficiency 77%
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Cost of equipment – Rs. 29,000/-
Cost of operation Rs. 500 per ton each for peeling and slicing
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Very much suitable for cottage scale enterprises or Agro Processing Centers.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i) M/s D K Agricultural Industry,
C-1/63, West Enclave, Pitam Pura,
Delhi- 110 034
ii) M/s Shri Manak Industries
Plot No. 70 – B, Sector – H,Industrial Estate Govindpura,
Bhopal 462 023
iii) M/s. Yashoda Engineering
Laghu Udyog, Shed No. 12,Sector – I,
Industrial Estate Govindpura, Bhopal
iv) M/s. Vinod Enterprises
104, Sector – I, Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
v) M/s Venkatesh Agro Engineering
Works, C-30, Additional MIDC,
Jalna, Maharashtra– 431203
For more details, contact
Head, Technology Transfer Division, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,Nabi Bagh, Bhopal – 462 038
Ph.0755-2521133, Fx. 0755-2734016

Manual Double Screen Cleaner with Sack Holder

Manual Double Screen Cleaner

Specifications and salient technical features
CIAE Manual double screen cleaner is a batch type hand operated equipment to replace traditional parctice of horizontal/vertical sieving to clean the grains.  It seperates impurities like stubbles, chaff, dirt and broken from wheat, bengal gram, soybean and other cereals and pulses crops.  It consists of a mainframe scalper/grading screen, draper rod, handle, shutter etc. and operated by hanging it an any elevated point with ropes.  A batch of 5-10 kg is fed into the cleaner, which sieves the grain due to swinging action of the cleaner. The hanging ropes support complete load/ weight of the equipment and grain. The sack holder holds the sack in vertical open position for easy loading of cleaned grains.  Its height can be adjusted to the size of the sack and suitable for all types of materials. Suitability for
Wheat, Soybean, Chickpea, Pigeon pea, Green gram, Lentil etc.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity 150 – 225 kg/h
Efficiency 77%
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Cost of equipment – Rs. 4,500/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Very much suitable for farmers, cottage scale enterprises or Agro Processing Centers.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i)  M/s Shri Manak Industries
Plot No. 70 – B, Sector – H,Industrial Estate Govindpura,
Bhopal 462 023
ii)  M/s. Yashoda Engineering
Laghu Udyog, Shed No. 12,Sector–I,Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal
iii)  M/s. Vinod Enterprises
104, Sector – I, Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
For more details, contact
Head,Technology Transfer Division,
Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,
Nabi Bagh, Bhopal – 462 038
Ph. 0755-2521133, Fx. 0755-2734016

Dal Mill (CIAE)

Dal Mill CIAE

Specifications and salient technical features
It is an electric motor (2 hp three phase) operated equipment for dehusking and splitting of pigeon pea, black gram, green gram and lentil. It consists of Carborundum rollers, feed hopper, concave and dal outlet. Whole pulse to be milled is first soaked in water (preconditioning), sun dried and later on fed into the mill to achieve complete milling in two passes. The machine can be used for about 1000 h per year. Power requirement 1.5 kW.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
This mill has capacity of 100 kg/h, dal recovery of 72% and broken yield between 3-5%.
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Cost of equipment – Rs. 30,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Very much suitable for farmers, cottage scale enterprises or Agro Processing Centers. Benefits accruing from this mill over the conventional method of milling (manually operated stone grinders) are:
    increase in dal yield and improvement in dal quality reduction in drudgeryincrease in capacity, besides rural employment generation.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i) M/s Venkatesh Agro Engineering Works,
C-30, Additional MIDC,
Jalna, Maharashtra– 431203
ii) M/s Ajay Industries,
Plot no. C-3 MIDC Area,
Amaravati (M.S.) 444 605, India
iii) M/s Shri Manak Industries
Plot No. 70 – B, Sector – H,Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
iv) M/s. Yashoda Engineering Laghu Udyog,
Shed No. 12, Sector – I,Industrial Estate Govindpura,
Bhopal 462 023 (M.P.)
v) M/s. Vinod Enterprises
104, Sector – I, Industrial Estate
Govindpura, Bhopal 462 023
For more details, contact
Head, Technology Transfer Division,
Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,
Nabi Bagh, Bhopal – 462 038
Ph. 0755-2521133, Fx. 0755-2734016

Cumin Cleaner cum Grader

Cumin cleaner

Specifications and salient technical features
Grading is done on the basic of size and aerodynamic properties. The machine is suitable for crops cumin, fennel, dil-seed etc. 1 Hp. single phase motor and 2 labours are required to operate the machine. The machine saves labour cost and time in comparison to traditional method of grading.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Efficiency : 75 % to 80 %
Capacity: 50 kg/hr
Depending upon operator i.e. 1 to 2 %
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Machine cost : 30000/
Operating cost : 37.50/ hr,
Output : 0.75/ kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Machine has low initial and operating cost with moderate capacity. Ease of transport and can be used for other grain after changing sieves i.e. wheat etc.
Required less time as compared to conventional system Labour saving
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i)M/s Vishvakarma Iron Works, Near public garden. Una, Dist. ,Junagadh
ii) M/s Annpurna Iron Works, Bhavnagar Road,Una Dist. ,Junagadh
iii) M/s R. K. Agro, GIDC Daulatpue, Junagadh
iv) M/s A-one Agro,  GIDC Daulatpue, Junagadh
Tulsi Agro Food Industries. 14, Ankur Complex,
Near Gujarat Alloy Cast,
Shapar Veraval)Dist. Rajkot.
For more details, contact
Research Engineer, AICRP on Post Harvest Technology
Department of Processing & Food Engg.
College of Agril. Engg. & Technology
Junagadh Agricultural University
Junagadh -362001
Phone: 0285-2672080-90 Ext 392

On Farm Fruit Grader

On-farm Fruit Grader

Specifications and salient technical features
Grading is done on the basic of size and shape of the fruits and vegetables such as sapota, lemon,onion, potato etc. The machine can manually be operated by hand or can mount 1 Hp. Single phase motor. Two labours are required for successful operation of the machine. It save the time and labour cost.
Fully safe to the user.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Efficience : 80 to 90 %
Capacity of operation : 400 kg/hr
Losses : Nil
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Machine cost:  25000/- (without motor)
35000/- (with motor + gear box)
Unit cost of operation: Rs.3.60 per 100 kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Machine has low initial and operating cost with moderate capacity. It required less time as compared to conventional system of grading.
Also save labour cost and time.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
i)M/s R. K. Agro, GIDC Daulatpue, Junagadh
ii) M/s A-one Agro,GIDC Daulatpue,Junagadh
For more details, contact
Research Engineer,
AICRP on Post Harvest Technology
Department of Processing & Food Engg.
College of Agril. Engg. & Technology
Junagadh Agricultural University
Junagadh -362001
Phone: 0285-2672080-90 Ext 392

Feed Block Making Machine

Feed block Machine

Specifications and salient technical features
Feed block of 5 kg weight is prepared by compacting of wheat straw, groundnut haulms and cake, molasses, common salt and urea.
Power: Manually operated Hand operated or 1 Hp. Single phase motor
Labour: Two persons can produce about 40 blocks in a day
Increasing storability and transportability.
The feed block is useful in increasing utilization efficiency through the increased acceptability by the animals
Fully safe to the user.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Capacity: 4 to 5 block per hour
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Machine cost: Rs 2500/-
Output cost: Rs 5.00 per block
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Machine has low initial and operating cost with moderate capacity.
Easily affordable
Ease of transport
Required less time as compared to conventional system Labour saving.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Improve social and economic condition of farmers.
For more details, contact
Can be locally fabricated by local artisan at village level.
The machine is being used by the Agro Processing Centres, Cattle Breeding Farm of the University and NGO's and farmers.
Research Engineer, AICRP on Post Harvest Technology
Department of Processing & Food Engg.
College of Agril. Engg. & Technology
Junagadh Agricultural University
Junagadh -362001
Phone:0285-2672080-90 Ext 392

Shell fired Copra Dryer

Shell Fired Coocnut Dryer

Specifications and salient technical features
A shell fired copra dryer was developed to dry coconut in 24 h which works on indirect heating and natural convection principles using coconut shell as fuel. The capacity of the dryer developed is 1000 nuts per batch. The drying air temperature in the drying chamber maintain 80 0C. The unique burner was designed; generate heat for 5 hours without tending and the heat is retained for one more hour. No electrical energy is used in this dryer making it farmer friendly. Once the fuel is charged it produces heat for 6 hours thereby allowing the farmer to do other useful work as compared to other dryers where in fuel is loaded once in 15-20 minutes. Smoke does not come into contact with the copra; hence the copra produced is of good quality. About 100 grams of shell charcoal is also produced during the final phase of heating.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)

1000 Nuts / batch

Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Rs.45000/-
Unit cost of operation: 0.90/nut
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Sun drying in open space is the conventional method of copra drying that is not possible during rainy season.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
ITMU of CPCRI
For more details, contact
Director, Central Plantation Crop Research Institute
KASARGOD - 671124 (Kerala)
Ph.  No. 04994-2430896
FAX: 04994-232322

Tender Coconut Punch and Cutter

tendercoconut punch cutter tendercoconut cutter

Specifications and salient technical features
A simple tender nut punch has been developed. It mainly consists of a square base made of MS angle of 40 cm length. The tender nut is placed on the nut holder which is a circular and hollow in shape with a diameter of 10 cm. The tender nut can be placed on the nut holder and by operating the lever mechanism a hole of 12mm diameter is made in just 4-5 seconds. A straw is put in the hole and one can drink the nut water.  A simple Tender Coconut Cutter was developed. It mainly consists a wooden base of 50 cm length, a stand, a knife and a hand lever. The stand is mounted on the base. The cutting blade is mounted concentric to the stand and retained at a height of 15-20 cm.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
20 nuts/ h
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Initial investment-Rs15,000/-
Operating cost- 0.15/nut
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Reduces the drudgery and risk of getting injured involved in de husking and break opening tender coconut.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
ITMU of CPCRI
For more details, contact
Director, Central Plantation Crop Research Institute
KASARGOD - 671124 (Kerala)
Ph.  No. 04994 2430896
FAX: 04994 232322

Telescopic Sprayer for Palms

Telescopic Sprayer

Specifications and salient technical features
This invention relates to development of telescopic sprayer. The developed sprayer comprises of two co – axial pipes of ultra – light weight (0.5 kg /m), which can be used to spray up to a height of 12.5m (40ft) from the ground. The pipe height can be locked at any desired level above 6.25m (20 ft). The spray lance can be directed in any direction up to 170 degree by pulling the rubber hose connected to the lance. A spring is connected to the lance so that it comes back to 90 degree angle when released from other angles. The sprayer can be used to spray at 45 degree also if the trees are smaller.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
For spraying  palms from the ground up to 40ft height

Out put Capacity: Arecanut-100 palms/hr, Coconut-15-20 palms/hr
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Unit cost: Rs 15,000.00
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Coconut palms can be sprayed from the ground up to 40ft height.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
ITMU of CPCRI
For more details, contact
Director, Central Plantation Crop Research Institute
KASARGOD - 671124 (Kerala)
Ph.No.04994 232333, FAX:04994 232322

Coconut de-shelling machine

Coconut Desheller

Specifications and salient technical features
Traditionally after partial drying of split coconut, the kernel and copra is separated using a traditional wooden mallet by taking the individual cups in hand. To over come this problem, a power operated coconut de-shelling machine was designed and developed. The capacity of the machine was 400 half cups per batch. The optimum average moisture content for maximum de-shelling efficiency (92.16 %) was 35 % d.b. The optimum speed of the de-shelling machine is 10 RPM and the time taken for de-shelling was 4 minutes per batch.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Out put Capacity: 5000 nuts / hr
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Unit cost: Rs50,000
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
Useful for large scale copra processing units
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
ITMU of CPCRI
For more details, contact
Director, Central Plantation Crop Research Institute
KASARGOD - 671124 (Kerala)
Ph.No. 04994 2430896
FAX: 04994 232322

Grain Puffing Machine

Grain Puffing Machine

Specifications and salient technical features
The machine consists of a cylindrical container wherein hot sand is used for puffing of rice grain. The machine is fixed on a domestic furnace using locally available agricultural waste and/or firewood. Rice is puffed in 10-12 seconds using sand at temperature varying from 250-270 °C, sand to grain ratio being about 8:1.
After completion of puffing the sand-grain mixture is discharged from the bottom of the roaster and the puffed product is separated from sand immediately to avoid any burning of the product. The sand is replaced in the machine immediately to avoid heat loss from the sand for second operation.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output Capacity: 8-10 kg/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment : Rs. 1500/-
Processing Cost: Rs. 2.50 per kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
The machine is simple, manually driven and does not require specialized skill to operate. The increase in daily output of the rice-puffing machine is four times as compared to the traditional method. The machine can also be used for puffing other grains such as raw paddy, maize,gram, kodo etc.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s R.K.Steel, Antila, Bagnan,
Howrah – 711312 (WB)
For more details, contact
PI, AICRP on PHT,
Agricultural and Food Engineering Department,
IIT, Kharagpur – 721302 (WB).
Ph. No. 03222 2831118
Dr. S.L. Shrivastava, Assistant Professor, Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, IIT, Kharagpur – 721302 (WB). E-mail: sls@agfe.iitkgp.ernet.in
Phone: 03222-283172 / 9434031341

Re-circulatory Tray Dryer

Recirculatory Tray dryer

Specifications and salient technical features
  • Design capacity - 100 kg raw cauliflower per batch.
  • Air blowers – 2 nos.
  • Arrangement for recirculation of discharge air at an adjustable degree of recirculation.
  • Control heater -  1 No. (4.5 kW;  with thermostat)
  • Booster Heater - 2 Nos. (4.5 kW each)
  • Tray size – 80 x 60 cm
  • No. of trays - 12 (two stacks containing 6 trays each)
  • A two-panel glass door of 60 cm width
  • Air velocity control
  • Indicating type digital temperature controller (0‑100oC)
  • All interior parts made of SS‑304
  • 5 cm thick insulation on all sides of the dryer.
  • A vent on the top centre to insert a sensing probe
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output Capacity: 2.80 kg dried cauliflower in 8 hr
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)

Investment: Rs. 1,00,000/-

How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
The dryer can be used for drying of any kind of food material at different controlled conditions e.g., drying temperature and recirculation ratio.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s SSP(Pvt) Limited
13 Mile Stone, Mathura Road
Faridabad – 121003, India
For more details, contact
PI, AICRP on PHT,
Agricultural and Food Engineering Department,
IIT, Kharagpur – 721302 (WB).
Ph. No. 03222 2831118

Dehydrated Vegetables

Dehydrated vegetables

Specifications and salient technical features
Cabbage: Full matured solid balls of cabbage are taken for dehydration. The loosely attached outer coarse leaves are removed. The cabbage balls are then cut into four pieces to remove the central solid core. Each quarter is cut into small strips. The shredded cabbage pieces are spread on the trays at the rate of 4-5 kg/m2.
Fenugreek and Coriander leaves: Roots and stem are cut and bruised portions removed. The leaves are thoroughly washed and heaped on a perforated tray to drain excess water followed by evenly spreading over the trays at the rate of 3-4 kg/m2.
Spinach Leaves: Fresh spinach leaves are trimmed to remove main stem and leaves are washed with water in a tank by submerging them. The washed leaves are placed on the wire mesh screen having 15 mm opening to drain out surface water. Then leaves are spread on the trays of the recirculatory tray dryer at uniform loading rate of 2 kg/m2.
Green Chilli: Fresh green chillis are taken for the dehydration. The rotten, discoloured pieces and extraneous materials are hand-picked followed by thorough washing in the running water over a perforated tray. After complete draining of water, calyx is removed and chillis are cut longitudinally into two halves. The cut pieces are then evenly spread over the trays at the rate of 4 kg/m2.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)

Output Capacity:

  • Cabbage – 0.085 kg/kg prepared material
  • Fenugreek leaves – 0.072 kg/kg prepared material
  • Coriander leaves– 0.028 kg/kg prepared material
  • Spinach – 0.038 kg/kg prepared material
  • Green chilli – 0.127 kg/kg prepared material
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment: Rs. 1,00,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
This technology will minimize the losses, to meet the demand round the year.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
  • M/s Minus Food Products Limited, Satbankura, Chandrakona Road, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India
  • Midnapore Cultural and Welfare Association, Kotebazar, Medinipore – 721301, West Bengal, India
For more details, contact
PI, AICRP on PHT,
Agricultural & Food Engineering Department,
IIT, Kharagpur-721302
Ph. No. 03222 2831118

Ripe Bael Drink

Ripe Bael Drink

Specifications and salient technical features
The bael drink was prepared by diluting pulp with water in the ratio of 1:1.4 and added with 1% citric acid, 0.1% KMS and 50% sugar (on the basis of pulp). It was then filled in the bottles of 200 ml and 500 ml capacity, sealed and sterilized in boiling water for 30 min.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output Capacity: Depending on the input
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Unit Cost: Different for different fruit drink
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
This technology will minimize the losses, to meet the demand round the year and to generating employment in the rural sector.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Surya Swayam Sahayata Samooh, Balarampur, Kharagpur – 721301, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India
For more details, contact
PI, AICRP on PHT,
Agricultural & Food Engineering Department,
IIT, Kharagpur-721302
Ph. No. 03222 2831118

Single Drum Rotary Screen Grain Pre-cleaner

Single Drum Rotary cleaner

Specifications and salient technical features
The pre-cleaner basically consists of replaceable perforated rotary screen, a blower and a perforated vibratory discharge chute. All these parts are mounted on an angle iron frame which is supported on cast-iron wheels.The pre-Cleaner uses 1.5 hp electric motor.Power to the rotary screen is transmitted from the blower shaft.The single screen pre-cleaner can be equipped with vibrating screens and work as grader with the capacity from 12 to 15 quintals per hour for wheat.
Input/raw material
Wheat and Paddy
a. Overall dimension 1.525 mm x 1.115 mm x 1.730 mm
b. Weight 100 Kg
c. Prime mover Electric motor
d. Power 1 kWh
e. Man power 2
f. Land 100 sq m
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output capacity
12 – 15 q/h
Efficiency
95%
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment
Rs. 70,000/-
Unit cost (per machine)
Rs. 70,000/-
Unit cost of operation
Rs 0.25 /q
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
It will help the farmers in cleaning of grain prior to procurement in the grain market
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s Hindsons Pvt Ltd.The Lower Mall, Patiala (Punjab)
For more details, contact
Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College   of  Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No. 0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

Farm level fruit and vegetable washing machine

Farm level fruit cleaner

Specifications and salient technical features

A stainless steel, portable, electric power (1 hp) operated vegetables washing machine has been designed, developed and evaluated. The inner rotary drum of the washer is made of stainless steel with 1.5 mm thickness, 760 mm length and 620 mm diameter. The periphery of the drum is provided with perforations of 6 mm diameter each @ 20 per 100 cm. The drum is mounted between two bearings through a hollow shaft and stainless steel pipe carrying water is placed inside the shaft. Pressurized sprays of water with a water injection pump through the central, perforated inner shaft is provided for extensive washing. The machine is provided with a timer and an electronic device to regulate precisely the rotational speed of the drum up to 60 rpm.  Proper arrangements for feeding water into machine and draining out dirty water and silt is provided.  Rotating parts and moving belts are covered with guard for operational safety.

Input/raw material
Carrot, potato, raddish, turnip, ginger, okra, tomato, spinach, turnip, kinnow and pears.
Overall dimension
860 x 760 x 1140 mm
Weight
200 kg
Prime mover
Electric motor
Power
1 hp
Man power
one
Land
4 m x 4 m

Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)

Output capacity
1 - 6 qph
Efficiency
90.2-95.5%(Washing efficiency)
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment
Rs 80,000-120,000 (for different capacity  model)
Unit cost (per machine)
Rs 80,000-120,000 (for different capacity  model)
Unit cost of operation
Rs. 2 –15/q
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
A wide range of fruit and vegetables (carrot, potato, raddish, turnip, ginger, okra, tomato, spinach, turnip, kinnow and pears) can be mechanically washed and can replace the prevalent practice of washing which involves drudgery and unhygienic conditions.  This machine can be used both by the producer as well as a processor.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Paradise Engg. Corp., 392, Industrial Area-A, Ludhiana-141 003, INDIA
For more details, contact
Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College of  Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No. 0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

Turmeric washing and polishing machine

Turmeric Washing Machine

Specifications and salient technical features
A stainless steel, portable, electric power (1 hp) operated, rotary drum type turmeric washing and polishing machine has been designed and developed to wash and polish turmeric rhizomes. The drum washer made of stainless steel is 62cm in diameter and 61 cm in width with 6mm holes and is provided with a timer and an electric device to regulate precisely the rotational speed of the drum up to 100 rpm. Proper arrangements for feeding water into machine and drawing out dirty water and silt are provided. The machine when operated at optimum rotational speed for optimum time can wash 2.5-3.0 qph of turmeric rhizomes. At optimum performance parameters, i.e. 40 rpm for 5 min. there is no bruising in turmeric rhizomes, with a microbiological washing efficiency of 91%. For polishing purpose, the central perforated shaft (for sprinkling water) is removed. To increase the friction, three detachable perforated screens are attached along the inner periphery of the drum with abrasive surface on the inner side. The microbiological quality of turmeric rhizomes also increased by polishing because the surface microbial load was reduced to half.
Input/raw material
Turmeric rhizomes
Overall dimension
860 x 760 x 1140 mm
Weight
200 kg
Prime mover
Electric motor
Power
1 hp
Man power
One
Land
4 m x 4 m
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output capacity
Turmeric washer:  2.5 – 3.5 qph
Turmeric polisher: 1.0 qph
Efficiency
Washing efficiency 91%
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment
Rs 80,000-120,000 (for different capacity  model)
Unit cost (per machine)
Rs 80,000-120,000 (for different capacity  model)
Unit cost of operation
Rs. 7/q (washing)  Rs 8/q (Polishing)
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
The turmeric growers bring their produce to the market, inadequately washed and polished under unsanitary conditions which lead to reduced prices and decreased shelf life. Turmeric washing and polishing machine not only to remove field soil, dust etc. but also removes spores of heat resistant bacteria. Turmeric washing and polishing machine can replace the prevalent practice used by the producer and small processor.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Paradise Engg. Corp. 392, Industrial Area-A,
Ludhiana-141 003 INDIA
Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT,
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College   of  Agricultural Engineering,
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
For more details, contact
Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College of Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No. 0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

Electric-cum-Battery Heated Honeycomb Uncapping Knife

Battery operated Honeycomb Knife

Specifications and salient technical features
The electrically-cum-battery heated uncapping knife has been designed to uncap the wax seals on the comb cells.  The design is based on the dimensions of the frame over which the wax sheet containing the cells is present.  The total length of knife is 37.5 cm comprising of 25.4 x 6.5 cm knife blade of 0.2 cm thick MS sheet.  A fine nichrome wire is used for the heating element (of 1 amp. Current rating) on a 13 x 3.5 cm mica sheet.  It has facilities to operate both on 220 V AC supply as well as 12 V DC power supply.
Input/raw material
Honey comb frame filled with honey
Overall dimension
238 x 71 x 3 mm ( Knife blade)
Weight 542 gm
Prime mover Electric and Battery
Power Power supply/220 V AC – 1 amp current rating
Man power One
Land Working place for one person
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output capacity 18 – 22 sec/single frame
Efficiency 98-100%
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment Rs. 250 – Rs. 300
Unit cost (per machine) Rs. 250 – Rs.300/-
Unit cost of operation Rs 0.5/frame
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
For uncapping of wax sealed cells filled with ripened honey, usually ordinary knife is used and it can be replaced by electric-cum-battery heated uncapping knife. This will help in fatigue less operation and will result in more number of frames to be uncapped in less time and can replace the prevalent practice of uncapping with non scientific and unhygienic conventional knives.  Since this knife is fitted with an auto temperature cut off device, thus avoids overheating and can help in maintaining quality of honey which otherwise results in caramellization of sugar due to high temperature encountered in other electrical knives.  This uncapping knife will be helpful for both the entrepreneurs as well as bee keepers.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
M/s H.V Industries, K-105 Focal Point, Phase VII, Dhandhari Kalan, Ludhiana
For more details, contact Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College of  Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No.0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

Eight Frame Stainless Steel  Radial Honey Extractor

Eight frame honey extractor

Specifications and salient technical features The extractor was so designed that it could be operated both manually as well as through 0.5 hp electric motor. The body of the extractor is made up of 22 gauge stainless steel sheet, having eight frames radially arranged at an angle of 45o to the central shaft for fast and easy extraction. A strainer is fitted just below the frames for primary filtration. It can store upto 1 qtl of honey.
Input/raw material Honey combs
Overall dimension> 805 x 805 x 1310 mm
Weight 106 kg
Prime mover Electric Power
Power 0.5 hp
Man power 2
Land 1x 1 m
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output capacity 180-190 kg/hr
Efficiency 100%
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment Rs. 60,000/-
Unit cost (per machine) Rs. 60,000/-
Unit cost of operation Rs 15/Qtl
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? A stainless steel radial honey extractor with eight frames was used to extract honey from honey combs using the principle of centrifugal force.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) Teewana Bee Farm, Doraha, Ludhiana (Punjab)
For more details, contact Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering,
College   of  Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No. 0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

 

Multi-crop Trolley Drier

Trolly Dryer
Specifications and salient technical features A tractor trolley available with farmer has been converted in to dryer. A multi-crop trolley drier was designed and got fabricated.  The total size of screen on which the material to be placed for drying is 4267.2 x 2133.6 mm, whereas the perforated screen is of the dimension of 4054 x 2042 mm.  The air is heated with electric heater.  Hot air at desired temperature (ambient to 60oC) is blown through plenum chamber into the material to be dried.  The drier consist of a set of three heaters (each of 20KW); which can be switched on as per the desired temperature requirement.  The drier can hold about 3-4 qtls of chilies and 1-1.5 ton of paddy per batch.  The trolley drier has been tested at no load conditions and was found that the velocity of air throughout the plenum chamber was approximately +0.2 m/s and the flow rate of air were nearly 496.8 m3/min.  The testing of trolley dryer on load is under process.
Input/raw material Paddy and chilli
Overall dimension 4165 x 2340 x 2110 mm
Weight 1000 kg
Prime mover Electric Power
Power 24 kW (3 heaters each of 8kW)
Man power 2
Land 10 m x 10 m
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
Output capacity The trolley drier can fold 2-3 q of chillies and 10-15 q of paddy per batch. The drier can dry 10 quintals per batch of paddy in 100 minutes for 5% moisture reduction and it can dry 2 quintals of red chilies from 80% to 10 % moisture in 28 hours
Efficiency NA
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
Investment Rs.1,50,000 – 2,00,0,00/-
Unit cost (per machine) Rs.1,50,000 – 2,00,0,00/-
Unit cost of operation For Paddy (Rs 20/qtl) For chillies (Rs 90/qtl)
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? The drier can be  used to dry at the farm itself to dry grains such as Paddy and vegetable such as chilly etc.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) AGROSAW,  Po Bag-5 Agrosaw complex, AMBALA CANTT., Haryana (India)
For more details, contact Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Processing and Food Engineering
College   of  Agricultural Engineering
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141004
Ph. No. 0161 2401960 (Ext 384)

Pantnagar Dal mill

Pantnagar Dal Mill
Specifications and salient technical features Mini dal mill (motor operated, 1hp) developed by Pantnagar centre is suitable for pigeon pea. The clean, graded pigeon pea pulse is treated with 10 % sodium bicarbonate solution. Approximately 5 litre of solution is sufficient for treatment of 100 kg of pulse. The treated grains are kept covered for 5 h and then dried up to a moisture content level of 10%. Dried pulses are fed to the mill through a hopper and obtain the dhal. Coated dhal with spices and salt can be obtained directly. The recovery can be enhanced by pre-soaking of pigeon pea (20 kg) in sodium bicarbonate @ 100 g per liter. Output capacity enhanced by 20 % compare to traditional dhal mil. Energy is reduced by 30 % as compare to traditional dhal mill.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) 5-90 % efficiency, 75-80 kg per hr capacity, 10-15 % losses
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Approx. Rs 40,000/- initial cost
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Approx. 80 % operation time is reduced compare to traditional method.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s Tyagi Agro Industries,  Bareilly Road, Kichha U. S. Nagar (Uttarakahnd)
M/s Rama Industries, Bareilly
For more details, contact Research Engineer
AICRP on PHT, College of Technology,
G B P U A & T, Pantnagar-263145
Uttarakhand

Solar Tunnel Dryer (One tonne and Two tonne capacity)

Soalr Tunnel Dryer
Specifications and salient technical features The solar tunnel dryer (poly house dryer) is suitable for drying of most of the food crops/commodities and medicinal & aromatic plants. It consists of a tunnel type
semi-cylindrica drying chamber provided with windows to allow the ambient air to enter the dryer. Trolleys and trays are provided to hold one tonne and two tonnes of raw material. The reduction in drying time compared to (60 %) compared to open sun drying was found as a result of higher inside temperature of about 22 - 25°C.
The technology is useful even for small and marginal farmers and the quality of products is found superior in terms of colour, texture and appearance
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) Efficiency- 98 percent
Capacity – 1 and  2 tonnes per batch
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Initial investment: Rs. 1.5 lakhs for 1  tonne and Rs. 2.0 lakhs for 2 tonne capacity
Operating cost : Rs. 223.5 per quintal for drying chilli
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
  • Reduced post harvest losses
  • Saving in drying time
  • Saving in labour
  • Contamination free product
  • Protecting from wind, duct, rain, birds and animals
  • Quality products through colour retention
  • Higher market value and hence more profit
  • Environment friendly
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred)
Shri. Ravindra M, M/s. Nikhil Filtration ltd.,
Industrial Area, Raichur-584102
For more details, contact Research Engineer
AICRP on Post Harvest Technology
Dept. of Processing and Food Engineering,
College of Agricultural Engineering,
UAS,Raichur (Karnataka)
Ph. No.08532 221577

Extraction of Kernel Oil from Apricot Seed / Stones

Extraction of Apricot kernal oil Extraction of apricot seed oil

Specifications and salient technical features The technology for extraction of apricot kernel oil consist of mechanical decortications, kernel separation with gravity method, extraction of kernel oil with table oil expeller, filtration and then packing of oil in bottles. The stone breaking efficiency of mechanical decorticator varies from 80-100kg/hr against manual crushing of 3.2-4.6 kg stones per hour.  The decorticated stones are immersed in 20% salt solution (1.888 specific gravity) and floated kernels are separated immediately from the crushed apricot stones. The separated kernels after immediate  washing under tap water  and drying  under sun or in  mechanical drier  to remove surface moisture are passed through Table oil expeller for 3-4 times for extraction of oil from apricot kernels with an oil yield of 42-45%. The extracted oil is filtered through filter press prior to its packing in glass or plastic bottles. Add 0.02% TBHQ (tertiary butyl hydroquinone) for better storage quality of oil.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) 80-100 kg stone/h, 5 kg kernel/ h and 2 kg oil/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Rs. 55,000/- (decorticator), Rs. 60000/- (table oil expeller) and Rs. 30000/- oil filter press
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Reduction of women drudgery, employment generation (4 persons per unit), check environmental pollution by utilizing waste (apricot stone).  Superior to conventional practices (traditional Kohlu) on account of reduction of cost (Rs. 72/lt) and higher recovery by 37%
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/S Sardar Engineering Company, Kanpur, India
M/s Kishan Krishi Yantra Udyog, Kanpur, India
M/s Sushree khormoshu Self Help Group (SHG), Spillow
M/s WWF (World wide fund for nation (India)) at Rakhsham, Sangla, Kinnaur
For more details, contact PI, AICRP on PHT
Department of Food Science & Technology,

 

Dr. Y.S.Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry,
Nauni, Solan -173 230 (HP)
Tel Fax: 01792 255074

HAU Aonla pricking machine (hand operated)

HAU_aonla_machine

Specifications and salient technical features Aonla pricking machine is developed by Processing & Food Engineering, COAE&T, CCSHAU, Hisar. Its capacity is about 15 to 20 kg/hour as compared to 2 to 3 kg per hour by manual method of pricking. The overall dimension of the machine is 10 x 6 x 21 cm. Traditionally, aonla fruits are pricked with wooden or stainless steel needles for the preparation of murabba.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) 15-20 kg/hr
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Rs. 5000/- Unit cost of operation = Rs. 3/ kg
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Drudgery reduction & Time and cost saving
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) College of Agricultural Engineering & Tech.
CCS HAU Hisar- 125 004 (Haryana)
For more details, contact Sr. Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
Department of Agricultural Processing & Energy
College of Agricultural Engineering & Tech.
CCS HAU Hisar- 125 004 (Haryana)
01662 289373

Cloud stable cherry squash

Cloud stable cherry squash
Specifications and salient technical features Specification: -
Pulp: -           25 %
Acidity: -      1.5%
TSS: -           50%
CMC: -        0.75%
Improvement over conventional method:
Output advantage/Higher recover: - 1.0 Quintals/day
Reduction in Post Harvest losses: - 40.0 kg/quintal
Labour Cost reduction: - Rs. 150/quintal
Energy saving: - Rs. 50/quintal
Time saving: - 8 Hr/day or days/year
Improvement in storage life: - 180 days
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) The product developed has been rated as best on the basis of organolaptic evaluation and consumer acceptability.
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Cost of preparation including raw material and other inputs for preparation of 100 kg of product per day = Rs 4561/-
Returns: - Rs 7750-4561 =  Rs 3189/-
Cost of machine and equipment = Rs 75,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Since cherry is a novel and rare fruit and is rich in antioxidants, industry has found substantial demand for the product. This perishable fruit has helped in reducing post harvest losses up to 40%. Cherry squash developed after transfer of technology to Shah Foods and Haven Foods Srinagar has reported tremendous market for the product. Besides due to uniform cloud stability and natural color of the product, consumer demand has been excellent. The technology will not only reduce the post harvest losses but generate employment to unemployed youth leading to improvement in their economic conditions. Utilization of cherry for product development will produce minimum of 121 working days for minimum of 4 persons/annum/processing plant with a capacity to process one quintal of cherry per day
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s Shah Foods, Food Park, Khunmoh, Srinagar
M/s Heaven Foods, Industrial Estate, Shopian Kashmir
For more details, contact
PI,  AICRP on PHT
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agri. Sciences and Technology,
Shalimar Campus, SRINAGAR – 191 121 (J&K)
Ph. No. 0194 2461258

Plum Appetizer

Plum Appetizer

Specifications and salient technical features Specification: -
Pulp: -       18 %
Acidity: -  0.5%
TSS: -       15%
Sodium Benzoate: - 120 ppm
Cardamom: - 0.75 g/litre
Black cumin: - 1.0 g/litre
Black pepper: - 1.0 g/litre
Black salt: - 1.5 g/litre
Common salt: - 2.50 g/litre
Ginger: -  4.0 g/litre
Mint: -   6. 0 g/litre
Improvement over conventional method.
Output advantage/Higher recover: - 2.0 Quintals/day
Reduction in Post Harvest losses: - 30.0 kg/quintal
Labour Cost reduction: - Rs. 150/quintal
Energy saving: - Rs. 50/quintal
Time saving: - 8 Hr/day or days/year
Improvement in storage life: - 180 days
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.) The product developed has been rated as best on the basis of organolaptic evaluation and consumer acceptability.
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output) Cost of preparation including raw material and other inputs for preparation of 200 kg of product per day = Rs 6407/- Returns: - Rs 9495-6407 =  Rs 3088/- Cost of machine and equipment = Rs 70,000/-
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Plum is an important temperate fruit grown in Kashmir valley. However after harvest more than 30% of the fruit is lost due to unscientific handling and non availability of post harvest infrastructural facilities. Due to high juice content and presence of antioxidants, it is most suited for processing. The production of this product has not only resulted in reduction in post harvest losses but a new processed product with tremendous consumer acceptability has been introduced in the market. The introduction of this improved product from plum has not only better shelf life but has been found superior in terms of quality and safety. Besides the adoption of technology will generate employment to unemployed youth leading to improvement in their economic conditions. Utilization of plum for product development will produce minimum of 121 working days for minimum of 4 persons/annum/processing plant with a capacity to process two quintal of plum per day.
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s Shah Foods, Food Park, Khunmoh, Srinagar
M/s Heaven Foods, Industrial Estate, Shopian Kashmir
For more details, contact PI,  AICRP on PHT
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agri. Sciences and Technology,
Shalimar Campus, SRINAGAR – 191 121 (J&K)
Ph. No. 0194 2461258

Maize Dehusker Sheller

Maize Dehusker Shellar

Specifications and salient technical features It is a common practice to manually dehusk the maize cobs and after drying shelling is being done either manually or with the help of power sheller. This practice require more time and labour. The machine was developed for simultaneous dehusking and shelling of maize cobs in single pass. The main part of the machine is a cylinder, on whose periphery square cross section MS lugs and helical flights are welded for facilitating the desired operation & material movement. A perforated concave below the cylinder helps the maize kernels to pass through. The blower helps in cleaning off the grain and blow away the light maize sheath. The cob heart stem & maize sheath are discharged from the tail end of the cylinder and fall on the opposite side of trough, along which grains are collected. The Government of India has declared a subsidy equal to 25% of the cost on purchase of this machine. The machine has been field evaluated at many locations.  Approx. 20 machines have been supplied.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
a) Overall dimension 2150 mm x 1140 mm x 1650 mm
b) Weight 300 kg
c) Prime mover Electric motor
d) Plant & Machinery Maize dehusker with motor-starter and trolley frame
e) Power 5 hp, 3 phase electric motor
f) Man power 3 unskilled labours
g)Land NA
h)Investment Rs 80,000/= (m/c with trolley)
i)Operational efficiency Dehusking - 99 ; Shelling 97-98 % without any broken
j)losses nil
k)capacity 800 kg/h cobs
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
  • Cost- Rs 63,000/-(with motor)
  • Operating cost - Rs 15/q of grain
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
  • Savings in cost of operation : 44 Rs/q- labour cost, Time saving - 2 h/q
  • Other pertinent information- Reduction in PH losses: 2%
  • Benefits in case of custom hiring-  Rs 93000 /yr
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) G.N.Enterprises,23 A,Govt.Press Road, Kisanpole, Udaipur-313001
M/s. Kalpana Enterprises, N.D. Complex,
Nr. Pratap Nagar Police Station, Udaipur-313 001
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Technology & Engineering,
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural  & Technology,
Udaipur– 313 001 (Rajasthan)
Tel 0294-2470102, Fax:0294- 2471056
email-nkjain64@gmail.com

Garlic Bulb Breaker

Garlic bulb breaker

Specifications and salient technical features Bulb breaking i.e. separation of individual cloves from garlic bulbs is the first and foremost unit operation in processing of garlic. Further, the individual cloves are also used as seed material. The machine consists of a hollow cylinder with cushioned battens, a concave, an aspirator and a prime mover (0.75 kW). The cloves are separated because of the beating action of battens and friction between bulb and concave. Aspirator separates the light paper skin, root and middle stem of bulb. Clean cloves are collected along the chute below the concave. The machine has efficiency and capacity as 94-95 percent and 800 kg/h, respectively. A manual operated model with 50 kg/h capacity was also developed for small entrepreneurs & farmers. It has generated lot of interest in garlic cultivation belt of MP and Rajasthan for separating individual cloves for seed purposes.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
a) Overall dimension 660 x 1000 x 1130 mm
b) Weight 85 kg
c) Prime mover Electric motor
d) Plant & Machinery Machine with motor
e) Power 1 hp, Single phase electric motor
f) Man power 1 unskilled labours
g) Land NA
h) Investment Rs 24,000/
i) Clove separation efficiency 94-95 %
j) losses nil
k) capacity 800 kg/h
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
  • Cost- Rs 24,000/-(with motor)
  • Operating cost - Rs 3.5/q of bulb
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
  • Savings in cost of operation : 52 Rs/q- labour cost, Time saving - 2.7 h/q
  • Other pertinent information- Reduction in PH losses: 2%
  • Benefits in case of custom hiring-  Rs 27,000 /yr
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s G.N. Enterprises, 23 A, Govt. Press Road, Kisanpole, Udaipur-313001
M/s. Ojha Steel, Jhalawar Road, Near Railway   Crossing, Baran-325205, Ph.:0745323239
M/s Kalpana Enterprises, N.D. Complex, Nr. Pratap Nagar Police Station, Udaipur-313 001
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Technology & Engineering,
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural  & Technology, 
Udaipur– 313 001 (Rajasthan)
Tel 0294-2470102, Fax:0294- 2471056
email-nkjain64@gmail.com

Process Technology for Garlic Flakes and Powder

Garlic flakes machine Garlic powder

Specifications and salient technical features Garlic has medical property and used in the form of powder, flakes and paste in various food preparations and medicines India is exporting garlic in whole and powder form to various countries. Simple processes were developed to dehydrate garlic cloves and make its flakes and powder. The individual cloves are separated from bulb through a garlic bulb breaker. The cloves are then flattened / pressed mildly through a garlic flaking machine or cut into 4-6 mm long pieces through a slicer /steel knife. This operation facilitate in rupture of papery skin of cloves to enhance the drying rate considerably. Then the cloves are dehydrated using a solar dryer (2-3 days) or a mechanical tray dryer (550 C for 7-8 h). The dehydrated flakes/slices could be stored and used as such or could be converted into powder after size reduction to 75 mesh size. Special care has to be taken for hermetic storage/packaging of powder in a glass bottle / HDPE bottle/pouches, as it is very hygroscopic in nature and if kept in open for a short while it will absorb moisture from atmospheric and clump formation occur. No blanching/pre-treatment is required before dehydration of garlic
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
a) Plant & Machinery Garlic bulb breaker, Grading machine, Garlic flaking machine, Slicer/knives, Solar/ mechanical dryer, Heat sealing machine, Pulveriser.
b) Prime mover Electrical motors
c) Power 5 hp, 3 phase power connection
d) Man power 3 unskilled labours
e) Land 200 Sq m
f) Investment Rs 6,50,000/=
g) Operational effi.. 75—80%
h) Losses Nil
i) Capacity 60 kg/day dehydrated flakes (200 kg raw material/day)
Cost (initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
  • Cost-Rs 6,50,000/=
  • Operating cost - Rs 15/kg of dehydrated flakes
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
  • Savings in cost of operation : 23 Rs/q- labour cost, Time saving - 9 h/q
  • Reduction in PH losses: 10-12 %
  • Improvement in storage life-180 days
  • Value addition-Rs 55/q
  • Employment generation: 150 mandays
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) M/s Krishna Dehydrations, Shivaji colony, Salpura Road, Chhipbarod – Pin 325 221 Distt Baran (Rajasthan)
Mr Surendra Kumar  Garg , 5-D, Talwandi, Kota (Rajasthan)
G G Foods, Village Vana, Via-Kheroda, district-Udaipur (Raj), Trilok Nagar distt Kota
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Technology & Engineering,
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural  & Technology,
Udaipur– 313 001 (Rajasthan)
Tel 0294-2470102, Fax:0294- 2471056
email-nkjain64@gmail.com

Ginger and Turmeric Dehydration

Ginger Dehydration1 Ginger dehydration2

Ginger dehydration3 Ginger dehydration4

Specifications and salient technical features Ginger & Turmeric have an important place in spices. World's 50% ginger and 90% turmeric are produced in India. A technology package has been developed for processing of fresh ginger and turmeric into dried and powder form. In order to clean and remove adhered soil with rhizomes, ginger and turmeric are washed with water. Ginger is peeled with knife or by rubbing against gunny bags in order to fasten the drying process. Due care is taken to avoid the loss of material during peeling. Drying is performed in solar dryer for 3 days. The outer surface of rhizomes shrivels due to drying and does not appeal properly. Polishing is therefore, required for smoothing the dried rhizomes. Like other spices, ginger and turmeric rhizomes can be powdered using a pulverizer. The material is shifted to 50 mesh & packaged in appropriate size polyethylene bags, sealed & marketed. Ginger peeling machine, Solar dryer and Polisher have been developed to facilitate these operations in efficient manner.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
a) Plant & Machinery Washing vessel, Peeling machine, Blanching vessel, Solar dryer/ mech. dryer, Polisher, Pulveriser, heat sealing machine
b) Power 2 hp 3 phase power connection
c) Man power 2 unskilled labours
d) Land 200 Sq m
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
  • Initial investment = Rs 4,90,600/- (Approximately)
  • Unit cost of ginger processing = Rs. 2.75 / kg
  • Unit cost of turmeric processing= Rs.1.55 per kg, respectively.
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers?
  • Labour cost saving : 56 Rs/q-
  • Time saving : 9.33 h/q
  • PH loss reduction : 1-2 %
  • Improvement in storage life-180 days
  • Value addition-Rs 752/q
  • Employment generation 600 maydays per year
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) Van Surksha Avam Prabandan Samiti, Village Pargiapada, district-Udaipur (Rajasthan)
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Technology & Engineering,
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural  & Technology, 
Udaipur– 313 001 (Rajasthan)
Tel 0294-2470102, Fax:0294- 2471056
email-nkjain64@gmail.com

Aloe vera processing technology

Aloe Vera Processing Aloe Vera Juice

Specifications and salient technical features An aloe gel extraction machine was developed which consist of three pairs of stainless steel rollers, feeding and discharge platform, gel extraction trough mounted on a MS frame. The rollers are arranged in vertical plane with maximum clearance at front pair followed by other two pairs. The front pair just compresses the leaf while rear pair helps in extraction.  The clearance between rollers can be adjusted with the help of nuts provided on top frame according to the thickness of leaves. The machine needs 1 hp single phase motor. The front pair has more clearance than the rear pairs. The machine gets its drive through chain sprocket. The clean leaves are fed between the front roller and passes to rear pair. The gel obtained is collected through a trough underneath the rollers. One unit has been established at village Ogna(Udaipur) by a SHG with help of Deptt of Forest.
Performance results (efficiency, capacity of operation, losses etc.)
a) Overall dimension 950 mm x 550 mm x 850 mm
b) Weight 77 kg
c) Prime mover Electric motor
d) Plant & Machinery Gel extractor, pulper/grinder
e) Power 3 hp Single phase power connection
f) Man power 1 unskilled labour
g) Land 50 Sqm
h) Investment Rs 70,000/-
i) Operational effi. 70%
j) Losses Nil
k) Capacity 100-150 lit/day
Cost(initial investment and operating cost in Rs/h and Rs/unit output)
  • Cost-Rs 70,000/=
  • Cost of operation: Rs. 30/lit.
How the new technology will impact the income of the farmers? Savings in cost of operation: Rs. 10/lit- labour cost, Time saving - 0.3 h/lit. Value addition-Rs 62/q
Employment generation (mandays/ annum, no. of persons) 600 maydays, 8 persons
Authorized manufacturers (Name and addresses of the firms/entrepreneur to whom the technology has been transferred) Van Surksha Avam Prabandan Samiti, Aloe vera processing unit,
village- Ogna,district, Udaipur (Rajasthan)
Soni Grah Udhog Village Bhandar,
Village, Dabok, District-Udaipur (Rajasthan)
Tapovan, Balicha Udaipur
Chhana-mana Juice Centre, Jhini-Ret Udaipur
M/s Venkatesh Krishi Aonla Utpad, Village- Heenta, Tehsil-Bhinder, District, Udaipur (Rajasthan)
Chaudhary Agro Biotech,Vil. Keeratpura, Kotputli Distt Jaipur(Raj)
For more details, contact Research Engineer, AICRP on PHT
College of Technology & Engineering,
Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural  & Technology,
Udaipur– 313 001 (Rajasthan)
Tel 0294-2470102, Fax:0294- 2471056
email-nkjain64@gmail.com

Coriander splitter

The seeds of coriander are required to be splitted into two halves before sowing for good seed germination and also processing it as mouth freshner. Traditionally the seeds are splitted manually and this operation involves drudgery and more time besides post harvest losses in terms of seed damage. The mechanized operation is therefore essential. Hence a machine to split the coriander was designed and developed at CIPHET. The machine is powered by 1 hp motor with capacity 60-80 kg/hr. The machine is equipped with two rollers of 6.5 cm dia and 10cm long. The differential speed is provided in two rollers so that coriander would break in two halves. The gear type metering device is provided in the splitter. The machine is able to split the coriander at moisture content up 14.2 %.

Source: CIPHET

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A Video on CIPHET technologies and Success stories

3.01945525292
Jitender Sharma Feb 20, 2019 11:58 AM

Sir

I am interested in setting up Ginger Garlic Paste unit. Please submit any training notes/process notes.

Thanks & Regards

Jitender Sharma

Mukeshbhai Parbhubhai Mar 10, 2017 07:40 PM

Nice and very useful for our farmers it's will solve labour problem

shari Nov 23, 2016 05:38 PM

sir pl give information any papad machies detailed information

Mrs.Duba Raju Aug 05, 2016 11:31 AM

Dear Sir,
The information and details provided here is quite useful and thanks for that. At the same time, I introduce myself as Mrs. Duba Raju, a house wife aged around 55 years. I am presently preparing, manually, in my home, herbal preparation for cleaning bathrooms, toilets, floors, brass, copper and silver articles.
I would be glad if you could give us an idea about the machines which can break or peel and remove the soapnut seeds from the soapnuts and as well to wash and cut leafy vegetables.
Thank you very much sir
Regards
Mrs. Duba Raju
email: *******@yahoo.com

Karthi Jul 29, 2016 06:48 AM

Good Morning , I have tried the above mentioned mail id;s for PKV Mini Dal Mill ,Vivek Millet Thresher cum Pearler but no reply so far. if any one tried already, please share with me and mail id is *******@gmail.com ( Tamil Nadu)

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