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Brooding management

Management of brooder stage birds in various systems are explained here

Brooding management in deep litter system

Essential operations to be carried out prior to receiving chicks

  • Cleaning and disinfection of poultry house.
  • Spreading litter material.
  • Form a circle of about 5 feet diameter with brooder guard which can hold about 200 to 250 chicks.
  • News papers, heat source, feeder and waterer arrangements inside the brooder guard.
  • Spread ground maize or fine mash / crumble feed on the newspaper.
  • Check the brooder for proper temperature of 90 to 950 F.

Essential operations to be carried out after receiving chicks

  • After arrival of chicks, moist the beak and leave the chicks under heating source.
  • Maintain a brooder temperature of 90 to 950F for the first week and then reduce 50F every week until it reaches the room temperature.
  • First and second day provide electrolytes and vitamins in drinking water to overcome stress.
  • Watch the behaviour of chicks in order to find out whether temperature provided is correct or less or more.
  • In case of too much temperature, we can reduce the heat by reducing the power of the bulb or we can raise the heating element.
  • In case of too low temperature, we have to supplement more heating source or we can further down the heating element.
  • 24 hours lighting programme may be adopted during 0-8 days of age.
  • One hour darkness may be provided to train the chicks in case of any power failure.
  • Remove the old newspaper after 3 days and destroy it by burning. If necessary, spread another set of newspaper.
  • Remove brooder guard after 7 to 10 days depending upon the season.

Brooding and rearing of broilers

  • It is similar to that for egg-type chicks


Source: Expert System on Poultry, ICAR-TANUVAS-TNAU

Mariappan.M Jul 24, 2019 09:38 AM

Many of us we are adding the medicine through the tank it is not mixed well,not correct dose.To avoid this when we are putting the medicine in the tank after fill it half of the portion and then we can add medicine and the remaining fill the water. Before that gate valve should be off and when the tank is full then we can open the outlet.Now the medicine is well mixing and it is going correct dose.

Dr Rahul Kumar Oct 17, 2018 04:36 PM

Very good collection , helpful for everyone

Muninder Sep 10, 2018 08:33 PM

Excellent very helpful for beginners.

moon Sep 10, 2015 01:16 PM

include the duration of brooding system

Dr Rajesh kumar singh Sep 15, 2014 12:14 PM

best information

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