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Reservation for EWS

This topic provides information about reservation for Economically Weaker Section.

Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) is being implemented in respect of recruitment for Civil posts and services in government and admission in educational institutions.

Quantum of reservation

The persons belonging to EWSs who, are not covered under the scheme of reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs shall get 10% reservation in direct recruitment in civil posts and services in the Government and admission in educational institutions.

Exemption from reservation

"Scientific and Technical" posts which satisfy all the following conditions can be exempted from the purview of the reservation orders by the Ministries/ Departments:

  • The posts should be in grades above the lowest grade in Group A of the service concerned.
  • They should be classified as "scientific or technical" in terms of Cabinet Secretariat [OM No. 85/11/CF-61(1) dated 28.12.1961], according to which scientific and technical posts for which qualifications in the natural sciences or exact sciences or applied sciences or in technology are prescribed and, the incumbents of which have to use that knowledge in the discharge of their duties.
  • The posts should be 'for conducting research' or 'for organizing, guiding and directing research'.


  • Persons who are not covered under the scheme of reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs and whose family has gross annual income below Rs 8 (Rupees eight lakh only) are to be identified as EWSs for benefit of reservation. Income shall also include income from all sources i.e. salary, agriculture, business, profession, etc. for the financial year prior to the year of application.
  • Also persons whose family owns or possesses any of the following assets shall be excluded from being identified as EWS, irrespective of the family income:
    • 1.5 acres of agricultural land and above;
    • Residential area of 1000 sq ft. and above;
    • Residential plot of 100 sq. yards and above in notified municipalities;
    • Residential, plot of 200 sq. yards and above in areas other than the notified municipalities.
  • The property held by a "Family" in different locations or different places/cities would be clubbed while applying the land. or property holding test to determine EWS status.
  • The term "Family" for this purpose will include the person who seeks benefit of reservation, his/her parents and siblings below the age of 18 years as also his/her spouse and children below the age of 18 years.

Proof of EWS - Documents required

The benefit of reservation under EWS can be availed upon production of an Income and Asset Certificate issued by a Competent Authority. The Income and Asset Certificate issued by any one of the following authorities in the prescribed format shall only be accepted as proof of candidate's claim as belonging to EWS.

  • District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/ Collector/ Deputy Commissioner/Additional Deputy Commissioner/ 1st Class Stipendary Magistrate/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/ Taluka Magistrate / Executive Magistrate/ Extra Assistant Commissioner
  • Chief Presidency Magistrate/Additional Chief Presidency Magistrate/ Presidency Magistrate
  • Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar and
  • Sub-Divisional Officer or the area where the candidate and/or his family normally resides.

Source : Department of Personnel & Training, GoI

Income and Asset Certificate

Supporting documents required for issue of Income and Asset Certificate

  1. Application Form
  2. Ration Card/EPIC Card/Aadhaar Card
  3. Copy of IT Returns/Pay Slip
  4. PAN card
  5. Affidavit/Self declaration
  6. Photo

Note : The documents might vary from state to state.

State-wise links for obtaining Income and Asset Certificate

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Bihar
  3. Gujarat
  4. Haryana
  5. Himachal Pradesh
  6. Odisha
  7. Punjab
  8. Rajasthan
  9. West Bengal
Ansh jain Jan 02, 2020 04:51 PM

Sir, i have a plot area of 600 sq.ft.and posses a ground floor+1st floor (i.e 1200sq.ft. in total) .Am i eligible for ews criteria?

Mannu Dec 05, 2019 07:29 AM

Pls clerify that the criteria of family is only for INCOME or both income + PROPERTY.

SK RAJU Oct 22, 2019 04:59 PM

I have OBC- A Certificate bt its CL OBC / not central level .
So may I apply for EWS ?

jishnu anand Sep 05, 2019 09:12 PM

I have 40 cents (agri.land) of land and a 980sqft residential building in it.it is in a gramma panchayath. Our gross annual income is less than 1 lakh.am i eligible for ews ?? And residential building area is the same for both noted and other municipalities??(1000sqft)

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