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Important Dates in Indian History

History offers a lot of information about how people and societies behave and it provides opportunity to learn from examples of the past. One writer has said, ‘those who cannot remember history are condemned to repeat it’. This is true of more true about our Indian History.

Important Dates in Indian History


3000-1500 Indus Valley Civilisation
576 Birth of Gautam Buddha
527 Birth of Mahavir
327-326 Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313 Accession of Chandragupta Maurya according to Jain traditions
305 Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232 Ashoka’s reign
261 Conquest of Kalinga
145-101 Region of Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka
58 Beginning of Vikrami era


AD 1st - 10th Century

78 Beginning of Saka Era
120 Accession of Kanishka
320 Commencement of Gupta era, the Golden Age of ancient India
380 Accession of Vikramaditya
405 - 411 Visit of Chinese traveller Fa-Hien
415 Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455 Accession of Skando Gupta
606-647 Harshavardhan’s reign
712 First invasion in Sind by Arabs
836 Accession of King Bhoja of Kanauj
985 Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler
998 Accession of Sultan Mahmud


AD 1001 - 1499


First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab

1025 Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191 First Battle of Tarain
1192 Second Battle of Tarain
1206 Accession of Qutub-ud-din Aibak to the throne of Delhi
1210 Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak
1221 Genghis Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236 Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi
1240 Razia Sultan dies
1296 Accession of Ala-ud-din Khalji
1316 Ala-ud-din Khalji dies
1325 Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327 Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad to Deccan by the Tughlaq
1336 Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in the South
1351 Accession of Feroz Shah
1398 Invasion of India by Timur Lang
1469 Birth of Guru Nanak
1494 Accession of Babur in Ferghana
1497 - 1498 First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India (discovery of sea route to   India via the Cape of Good Hope


AD 1500 - 1799

1526 First Battle of Panipat, Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi; Foundation of Mughal rule by Babur
1527 Battle of Khanua Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530 Death of Babur and accession of Humayun
1539 Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India’s emperor
1540 Battle of Kanauj
1555 Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi

Second Battle of Panipat


Battle of Talikota

1576 Battle of Haldighati; Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582 Din-e-Illahi founded by Akbar
1597 Death of Rana Pratap
1600 East India Company established
1605 Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir
1606 Execution of Guru ArjunDev
1611 Jahangir marries Nur Jahan
1616 Sir Thomas Roe visits Jahagir
1627 Birth of Shivaji and death of Jahangir
1628 Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India
1631 Death of Mumtaj Mahal
1634 The British permitted to trade in India in Bengal
1659 Accession of Aurangzeb, Shah Jahan imprisoned
1665 Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb
1666 Death of Shah Jahan
1675 Execution of Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680 Death of Shivaji
1707 Death of Aurangzeb
1708 Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739 Nadir Shah invades India
1757 Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India’s emperor
1764 Battle of Buxor
1765 Clive appointed Company’s Governor in India
1767 - 1769 First Mysore War
1770 The Great Bengal Fami
1780 Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780 - 1784 Second Mysore War
1784 Pitt’s India Act
1790 -1792 Third Mysore War
1793 Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799 Fourth Mysore War; Death of Tipu Sultan


Important Days of India

Important Days of India
January 12 National Youth Day
January 15 Army Day
January 26 Republic Day
January 30 Martyrs' Day
February 24 Central Excise Day
February 28 National Science Day
April 5 National Maritime Day
May 11 National Technology Day
August 9 Quit India Day
August 15 Independence Day
sankita Oct 13, 2018 12:09 AM

can i have the pdf file please??

Preetishree Aug 02, 2018 11:48 PM

1942- Columbus discovered the route to India is missing.

Upadhyay Rathi Raj Oct 24, 2016 04:41 PM

The "confusion' regarding Chandragupta of Maurya dynasty and of the Gupta dynasty is the result of Sir Jones' desire to telescope the Indian chronology that was later supported by Max Mueller (he himself had confessed to it later). The current version of timeline is based on Megasthenes's memoirs that does not exist but re-created by the German historian based on bits and pieces. Megasthenes accounts do not match with Maurya but rather with the Gupta empire events that in fact was during the 3rd century BCE, whereas, Maurya were even 1200 years before that. Same way, Budhha came into being approx 15 to 16 century BC and not as recent as given here.
Please go through the available datas and texts, that are on the internet too.

Upadhyay Rathi Raj Oct 24, 2016 04:34 PM

The timeline is full of errors and does not synch with the available evidences as given in the vedas and puranas, including the dynastic periods of various kings.

ananya Aug 02, 2016 07:15 PM

Good , but you should have been given the dates between AD1800-1899

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