Energy and its present use
Energy use in India with respect to the sources of energy, usage pattern, rural-urban divide in energy consumption are highlighted.
Energy demand in rural areas is on a steady rise. India is the fourth largest energy consumer in the world. The present energy use is mostly in the areas of domestic cooking and lighting, agriculture, transport and industrial sectors. India’s energy basket has a mix of all the resources available including renewables. The largest energy source is coal, followed by petroleum and traditional biomass. According to the 2011 Census, the household-level data indicates that only 55.3 per cent of rural homes used electricity as the primary source for lighting. Energy access, with about one fourth of the population lacking access to electricity and energy security, with the country relying on imports for a considerable amount of its energy use, particularly for crude petroleum are key challenges that the country faces with respect to energy. Wide disparity in energy use pattern between the haves and have-nots, urban and rural and men and women are also a cause of concern.
Present status of energy use in India
In India, of the 121 crore Indians, 83.3 crore live in rural areas while 37.7 crore stay in urban areas. Energy availability, access and affordability are vital if our country is to keep its pace of development. As on June, 2019, 99.92 % of villages in India are fully electrified. To know the details, click here.
During 2017-18, the per capita electricity consumption in India is 1149 kilowatt-hour (Kwh). According to the official data the total installed capacity of the country stood at 3,50,162 MW, as on February 2019. Thermal power plants constitute 63.7 % of the installed capacity and hydropower about 13. There are 21 nuclear power reactors in the country with a total installed capacity of 6780 MW.
The peak power deficit was 0.5 % during May 2019. Active LPG domestic connections (as of November 2018) was 24.9 crore (Rural -11.3 crore and Urban -13.6 crore).
Increased energy conservation, improved energy efficiency and enhanced energy production from renewable sources can definitely lead India in general and rural areas in particular to become self sustainable communities.
Source : Portal content team