World AIDS day
This topic provides information about World AIDS day celebrated on December 1.
World AIDS Day is celebrated around the world on December 1st each year since 1988. It has become one of the most recognized international health days and a key opportunity to raise awareness, commemorate those who have passed on, and celebrate victories, such as increased access to treatment and prevention services.
Global HIV Statistics
- 36.9 million [31.1 million–43.9 million] people globally were living with HIV in 2017.
- 21.7 million [19.1 million–22.6 million] million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy in 2017.
- 1.8 million [1.4 million–2.4 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2017.
- 940 000 [670 000–1.3 million] people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2017.
- 77.3 million [59.9 million–100 million] people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.
- 35.4 million [25.0 million–49.9 million] people have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic.
India - HIV statistics
In 2017, India had 88,000 (44,000 - 160,000) new HIV infections and and an estimated 69,000 (34,000 - 1,30,000) AIDS-related deaths. There were 21,00,000 (1500,000 - 30,00000) people living with HIV in 2017, among whom 56% (40 - 79) were accessing antiretroviral therapy.
The key populations most affected by HIV in India are:
- Sex workers, with an HIV prevalence of 1.6%.
- Men who have sex with men, with an HIV prevalence of 2.7%.
- People who inject drugs, with an HIV prevalence of 6.3%.
- Transgender people, with an HIV prevalence of 3.1%.
Since 2010, new HIV infections have decreased by 46% and AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 22%.
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2018 Theme: Know your HIV status
Significant progress has been made in the AIDS response since 1988, and today three in four people living with HIV know their status. But we still have miles to go, as the latest UNAIDS report shows, and that includes reaching people living with HIV who do not know their status and ensuring that they are linked to quality care and prevention services.
HIV testing is essential for expanding treatment and ensuring that all people living with HIV can lead healthy and productive lives. It is also crucial to achieving the 90–90–90 targets and empowering people to make choices about HIV prevention so they can protect themselves and their loved ones.
Unfortunately, many barriers to HIV testing remain. Stigma and discrimination still deters people from taking an HIV test. Access to confidential HIV testing is still an issue of concern. Many people still only get tested after becoming ill and symptomatic.
Why should I get tested?
Around the world, 37 million people are living with HIV, the highest number ever, yet a quarter do not know that they have the virus.
Knowing your HIV status has many advantages. It is an essential entry point to HIV treatment, prevention, care and support services. People who test positive for HIV should be linked immediately to antiretroviral therapy to keep them alive and well and, when viral load suppression is reached, prevent transmission of the virus.
Knowing your HIV status also enables people to make informed decisions about HIV prevention options, including services to prevent children from becoming infected with HIV, male and female condoms, harm reduction services for people who inject drugs, voluntary medical male circumcision and pre-exposure and post-exposure prophylaxis.
- 9.4 million people living with HIV don't know their status
- 1.8 million people were newly infected with HIV in 2017
- 8.1 million people living with HIV on treatment reported to be accessing viral load testing in 2016
What are the “5 Cs”?
All forms of HIV testing should adhere to the 5 Cs: consent, confidentiality, counselling, correct test results and connection (linkage to prevention, treatment and care services). Governments and health service providers are responsible for ensuring that all forms of testing include the 5 Cs. Each type of testing has its own advantages but also its own set of circumstances that need to be addressed to ensure that they adhere to the 5 Cs.
Source : UN