World Health Day
This topic provides information about World Health Day.
Every year, the World Health Organization (WHO) selects a priority area of global public health concern as the theme for World Health Day, which falls on 7 April, the birthday of the Organization.
World Health Day 2019 - Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere.
The theme for World Health Day 2019 is Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere.
Universal health coverage (UHC) is about ensuring all people can get quality health services, where and when they need them, without suffering financial hardship. No one should have to choose between good health and other life necessities. UHC is key to people’s and nations’ health and well-being. UHC is feasible. Some countries have made great progress. Their challenge is to maintain coverage to meet people’s expectations. All countries will approach UHC in different ways: there is no one size fits all. But every country can do something to advance UHC. Making health services truly universal requires a shift from designing health systems around diseases and institutions towards health services designed around and for people.
- Health is a human right; it’s time for health for all.
- We know universal health coverage is possible, let’s make it happen!
- Universal health coverage means that all people have access to the quality health services they need, when and where they need them, without financial hardship.
- At least half of the people in the world do not receive the health services they need.
- About 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty each year because of out-of-pocket spending on health.
- But who are these people and how can we help them? To get a better picture of who is missing out, we need data that is broken down by gender, age, income, location, education and other factors that affect access to health services.
- Health is a human right; everyone should have the information and services they need to take care of their own health and the health of their families.
- Quality, accessible primary health care is the foundation for universal health coverage.
- Unsafe and low-quality health care ruins lives and costs the world trillions of dollars every year, we must do more to improve the quality and safety of health services globally.
- Primary health care should be the first level of contact with the health system, where individuals, families and communities receive most of their health care—from promotion and prevention to treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care—as close as possible to where they live and work.
- At its heart, primary health care is about caring for people and helping them improve their health or maintain their well-being, rather than just treating a single disease or condition.
- Primary health care covers the majority of your health needs throughout your life including services such as screening for health problems, vaccines, information on how to prevent disease, family planning, treatment for long- and short-term conditions, coordination with other levels of care, and rehabilitation.
- Primary health care is a cost-effective and equitable way of delivering health services and helping countries make progress towards universal health coverage.
- A health system with strong primary health care delivers better health outcomes, is cost-efficient and improves quality of care.
- Health workers have a crucial role to play educating patients on how to take care of their health, coordinating care and advocating for their patients’ needs to health facility managers and policy-makers.
- Primary health-care workers have a continuing and trusted relationship with their patients and know their health history; knowing the full picture helps improve their care and saves money.
- Primary health-care workers know the traditions, cultures and practices of their communities, making them indispensable during an outbreak or emergency.
- To make health for all a reality, we need: individuals and communities who have access to high quality health services so that they take care of their own health and the health of their families; skilled health workers providing quality, people-centred care; and policy-makers committed to investing in primary health care
Universal Health Coverage
What UHC is
- UHC means that all people and communities receive the health services they need without suffering financial hardship.
- UHC enables everyone to access the services that address the most important causes of disease and death and ensures that the quality of those services is good enough to improve the health of the people who receive them.
- Protecting people from the financial consequences of paying for health services out of their own pockets reduces the risk that people will be pushed into poverty because unexpected illness requires them to use up their life savings, sell assets, or borrow – destroying their futures and often those of their children.
- Achieving UHC is one of the targets the nations of the world set when adopting the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. Countries that progress towards UHC will make progress towards the other health-related targets, and towards the other goals. Good health allows children to learn and adults to earn, helps people escape from poverty, and provides the basis for long-term economic development.
What UHC is not
- UHC does not mean free coverage for all possible health interventions, regardless of the cost, as no country can provide all services free of charge on a sustainable basis.
- UHC is not just about health financing. It encompasses all components of the health system: health service delivery systems, the health workforce, health facilities and communications networks, health technologies, information systems, quality assurance mechanisms, and governance and legislation.
- UHC is not only about ensuring a minimum package of health services, but also about ensuring a progressive expansion of coverage of health services and financial protection as more resources become available.
- UHC is not only about individual treatment services, but also includes population-based services such as public health campaigns, adding fluoride to water, controlling mosquito breeding grounds, and so on.
- UHC is comprised of much more than just health; taking steps towards UHC means steps towards equity, development priorities, and social inclusion and cohesion.
Source : World Health Organisation