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National Nutrition Mission

This topic provides information about National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan).

Government is implementing several schemes and programs under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme as direct targeted interventions to address the problem of malnutrition in the country. All these schemes address one or other aspects related to nutrition and have the potential to improve nutritional outcomes in the country.

Malnutrition is not a direct cause of death but contributes to mortality and morbidity by reducing resistance to infections. There are a number of causes of death of children such as prematurity, low birth weight, pneumonia, diarrhoeal diseases, non-communicable diseases, birth asphyxia & birth trauma, injuries, congenital anomalies, acute bacterial sepsis and severe infections, etc.

POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India, which ensures convergence with various programmes i.e., Anganwadi Services, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), National Health Mission (NHM), Swachh-Bharat Mission, Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.

About the Mission

The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.

The National Nutrition Mission (NNM) has been set up with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18. The NNM is a comprehensive approach towards raising nutrition level in the country on a war footing. It will comprise mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition, including a very robust convergence mechanism, ICT based Real Time Monitoring system, incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets, incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools, eliminating registers used by AWWs, introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs), Social Audits, setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.

Major impact

The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies.

NNM targets to reduce stunting, under- nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).

It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UT s to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UT s to achieve the targeted goals.

Benefits & Coverage

More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme. All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20 .

To access the complete National Nutrition Mission: Administrative Guidelines, click here

Source : Poshan Abhiyaan

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shreya Jul 09, 2019 05:04 PM

good

niengneihoi May 15, 2019 06:52 PM

good initiative and hope it will be an effective scheme in future

Pushkar Mar 20, 2019 05:27 PM

Scheme is good but condition of aanganwadi and it's worker is worst. Because there are lack of aanganwadi workers. One worker handle 3-4 aanganwadi but gets paid only for one aanganwadi. Lack of aanganwadi workers will affect the scheme. so I suggest that first of all workers to be appointed in vacant aanganwadi as soon as possible.

Kishore Jan 11, 2019 11:42 AM

The scheme is too good for India ,because it is one of the significant problem in india,this scheme is implimente into the grossroot level means mainly in rural areas and specific tribal areas bcoz still now they don't no this type of scheme they have .so implimentation is the singnificant factor.

Saman Dec 25, 2018 12:55 PM

It's benefit is amazing and this will help to reduce the negative impact of malnutrition on socio-ecnomic development of india. this script is gud in words but hard to implement.there is need to focus on the challenges which can be a hard nut to crack .

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