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Pulse Polio Programme

This topic covers the Information related to Pulse Polio Programme

With the global initiative of eradication of polio in 1988 following World Health Assembly resolution in 1988, Pulse Polio Immunization programme was launched in India in 1995. Children in the age group of 0-5 years administered polio drops during National and Sub-national immunization rounds (in high risk areas) every year. Around 17.4 crore children of less than five years across the country are given polio drops as part of the drive of Government of India to sustain polio eradication from the country.

The last polio case in the country was reported from Howrah district of West Bengal with date of onset 13th January 2011. Thereafter no polio case has been reported in the country. WHO on 24th February 2012 removed India from the list of countries with active endemic wild polio virus transmission.

Objective

The Pulse Polio Initiative was started with an objective of achieving hundred per cent coverage under Oral Polio Vaccine. It aimed to immunize children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public.

Steps taken by the Government to maintain polio free status in India

  • Maintaining community immunity through high quality National and Sub National polio rounds each year.
  • An extremely high level of vigilance through surveillance across the country for any importation or circulation of poliovirus and VDPV is being maintained. Environmental surveillance (sewage sampling) have been established to detect poliovirus transmission and as a surrogate indicator of the progress as well for any programmatic interventions strategically in Mumbai, Delhi, Patna, Kolkata Punjab and Gujarat.
  • All States and Union Territories in the country have developed a Rapid Response Team (RRT) to respond to any polio outbreak in the country. An Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (EPRP) has also been developed  by  all  States  indicating  steps  to  be  undertaken  in  case  of detection of a polio case.
  • To reduce risk of importation from neighbouring countries, international border vaccination is being provided through continuous vaccination teams (CVT) to all eligible children round the clock. These are provided through special booths set up at the international borders that India shares with Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan Nepal and Myanmar.
  • Government of India has issued guidelines for mandatory requirement of polio vaccination to all international travelers before their departure from India to polio affected countries namely:  Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Syria and Cameroon. The mandatory requirement is effective for travellers from 1st March 2014.
  • A rolling emergency stock of OPV is being maintained to respond to detection/importation of wild poliovirus (WPV) or emergence of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus (cVDPV).
  • National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) has recommended Injectable Polio Vaccine (IPV) introduction as an additional dose along with 3rd dose of DPT in the entire country in the last quarter of 2015 as a part of polio endgame strategy.

Progress

  • South-East Asia Region of WHO has been certified polio free. The Regional  Certification  Commission  (RCC)  on  27th  March  2014  issued certificate  which  states  that  “The  Commission  concludes,  from  the evidence  provided  by  the  National  Certificate  Committees  of  the  11 Member  States,  that  the  transmission  of  indigenous  wild  poliovirus  has been interrupted in all countries of the Region.”
  • India has achieved the goal of polio eradication as no polio case has been reported  for  more  than  3  years  after  last  case  reported  on  13th  January, 2011.
  • WHO on 24th February 2012 removed India from the list of countries with active endemic wild polio virus transmission
  • There are 24 lakh vaccinators and 1.5 lakh supervisors involved in the successful implementation of the Pulse Polio Programme
  • The total number of cases and number of affected districts during past 10 years is as below:
Year Cases of Polio Number of districts
2005 66 35
2006 676 114
2007 874 99
2008 559 90
2009 741 56
2010 42 17
2011 1 1
2012 0 0
2013 0 0
2014 0 0
2015 0 0*
*As on 22nd Aug 2015

Source: National Health Mission

3.19292604502
Kishore Apr 27, 2019 01:40 PM

Hi,
We missed pulse polio of March 10 Bangalore. Please suggest where can I get this for my daughter..,

Shilpa Apr 11, 2019 01:01 AM

I want to know the meaning of pulse in pulse polio programme

Sweta Sinha Feb 21, 2019 11:42 AM

In which year, age group from under 3 years to under 5 years was increased for pulse polio immunization in India

Dr. Santhikala Dec 14, 2018 01:55 PM

Very useful matter. Pulse means
Polio Under Laminess Survey Eradication

Viji Oct 24, 2018 04:15 PM

The WHO South-East Asia region comprising of 11 states including India was certified Polio free by WHO during March 2014. However, WHO on 24th February 2012 removed India from the list of countries with active endemic wild polio virus transmission.

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