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Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)

This topic covers the Information related to Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)

The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has launched a health programme for adolescents, in the age group of 10-19 years, which would target their nutrition, reproductive health and substance abuse, among other issues.

The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram was launched on 7th January, 2014. The key principle of this programme is adolescent participation and leadership, Equity and inclusion, Gender Equity and strategic partnerships with other sectors and stakeholders. The programme envisions enabling all adolescents in India to realize their full potential by making informed and responsible decisions related to their health and well-being and by accessing the services and support they need to do so.

To guide the implementation of this programme, MOHFW in collaboration with UNFPA has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy. It realigns the existing clinic-based curative approach to focus on a more holistic model based on a continuum of care for adolescent health and developmental needs.

The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (National Adolescent Health Programme), will comprehensively address the health needs of the 243 million adolescents. It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators, and is underpinned by collaborations with other ministries and state governments.

The Vision

The strategy envisions that all adolescents in India are able to realise their full potential by making informed and responsible decisions related to their health and well-being, and by accessing the services and support they need to do so. The implementation of this vision requires support from the government and other institutions, including the health, education and labour sectors as well as adolescents’ own families and communities.

Building an agenda for adolescent health requires an escalation in the visibility of young people and an understanding of the challenges to their health and development. It needs implementation of approaches that will ensure a successful transition to adulthood. This requires that the multi-dimensional health needs and special concerns of adolescents are understood and addressed in national policies and a range of programmes at different levels.

Objectives

  1. Improve nutrition
    • Reduce the prevalence of malnutrition among adolescent girls and boys
    • Reduce the prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among adolescent girls and boys
  2. Improve sexual and reproductive health
    • Improve knowledge, attitudes and behaviour, in relation to SRH
    • Reduce teenage pregnancies
    • Improve birth preparedness, complication  readiness and provide early parenting support for  adolescent parents
  3. Enhance mental health
    • Address mental health concerns of adolescents
  4. Prevent injuries and violence
    • Promote favourable attitudes for preventing injuries and violence (including GBV) among  adolescents
  5. Prevent substance misuse
    • Increase adolescents’ awareness of the adverse effects and consequences of substance misuse
  6. Address NCDs
    • Promote behaviour change in adolescents to prevent NCDs such as hypertension, stroke, cardio-vascular diseases and diabetes

Target Groups

The new adolescent health (AH) strategy focuses on age groups 10-14 years and 15-19 years with universal  coverage, i.e. males and females; urban and rural; in school and out of school; married and unmarried; and vulnerable and under-served.

Strategies

  1. Strategies/interventions to achieve objectives can be broadly grouped as:
    • Community based interventions
    • Peer Education (PE)
    • Quarterly Adolescent Health Day (AHD)
    • Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation Programme (WIFS)
    • Menstrual Hygiene Scheme (MHS)
  2. Facility based interventions
    • Strengthening of Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHC)
  3. Convergence
    • Within Health & Family Welfare - FP, MH (incl VHND), RBSK, NACP, National Tobacco Control Programme, National Mental Health Programme, NCDs and IEC
    • With other departments/schemes - WCD (ICDS, KSY, BSY, SABLA), HRD (AEP, MDM), Youth Affairs and Sports (Adolescent Empowerment Scheme, National Service Scheme, NYKS, NPYAD)
  4. Social and Behaviour Change Communication with focus on Inter Personal Communication

Source: National Health Mission

3.09960159363
Dhrub Kumar singh Aug 02, 2019 02:09 PM

Respected sir/Madam
I want to join your team as a trainer at present I am trainer of Asha module training ' N.C.D trainer'H.B.Y.C trainer and C.L.T.S trainer in Muzaffarpur so kindly suggest how can I join your team
Thanking you
Yours Dhrub Kumar Singh
Muzaffarpur

VENKATASUBRMANIAM Jul 11, 2019 10:46 AM

Respected Madam/Sir,

I am Venkatasubramaniam MA, Mphil Sociology, Msc Applied Psychology, CESE CP Working as a Counsellor in ICTC Govt. Setup. Am Basically Counsellor and Special Educator also. I would definitely like to give a support my services for this program in Operational Study Level.

This is all Team Work for our nation.

Thanks & Regds
Venkatasubramaniam

Mir Nisar Mar 30, 2019 02:30 PM

Respected Sir/Madam i am from j&k my suggestion is highlight this programme in rural areas by depuring special squad & giving them enumeration so that they could do the job with full interest if possible provide Rs 5000/=pm for those who will spread this programme among adolescent boys & gorls

mahaboob bhasha Jan 28, 2019 08:43 PM

Dear sir/ madam
please more then karnataka state releted
rksk programme kannda iec/video cliep add me..
thanks all team work.

Dr.nalini shukla Jan 01, 2019 07:24 PM

Resp.sir/
Madam
I am a govt employee working at an urban phc.i would definitely like to give my services for this program.

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