Global Nutrition Report 2017
This topic provides information about the Global Nutrition Report 2017.
The Global Nutrition Report is a report card on the world’s nutrition—globally, regionally, and country by country—and on efforts to improve it. The Global Nutrition Report is an independently produced annual stock-take of the state of the world’s nutrition. The report tracks global nutrition targets on maternal, infant and young child nutrition and on diet related Non-Communicable Diseases adopted by member states of the World Health Organization as well as governments’ delivery against their commitments. It aims to make it easier for governments and other stakeholders to make - and deliver on - high impact commitments to end malnutrition in all its forms.
The GNR is an annual publication and the first series was published in 2014. It is delivered by an Independent Expert Group and guided at a strategic level by a Stakeholder Group, whose members also review the Report.
Global Nutrition Report 2017 - An overview
Almost every country in the world now faces a serious nutrition-related challenge, whether stemming from undernutrition or obesity. In all 140 countries studied, the report found ‘significant burdens’ of three important forms of malnutrition used as a indicator of broader trends:
- childhood stunting, children too short for their age due to lack of nutrients, suffering irreversible damage to brain capacity,
- anaemia in women of reproductive age, a serious condition that can have long term health impacts for mother and child, and
- overweight adult women, a rising concern as women are disproportionately affected by the global obesity epidemic.
The report found the vast majority (88%) of countries studied face a serious burden of two or three of these forms of malnutrition. It highlights the damaging impact this burden is having on broader global development efforts. The Global Nutrition Report 2017 calls for nutrition to be placed at the heart of efforts to end poverty, fight disease, raise educational standards and tackle climate change. It is accompanied by extensive supplementary online data, including nutritional profiles for 193 countries, 6 regions and 22 sub-regions.
Some of the key findings are as follows
- Overweight and obesity are on the rise in almost every country, with 2 billion of the world’s 7 billion people now overweight or obese and a less than 1 per cent chance of meeting the global target of halting the rise in obesity and diabetes by 2025. At least 41 million children under five are overweight, with the problem affecting high and lower income countries alike.
- Rates of undernutrition in children are decreasing, with recent gains in some countries. But global progress is not fast enough to meet internationally agreed nutrition goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) target 2.2 to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030. 155 million under-fives are stunted; 52 million children worldwide are defined as wasted, meaning they do not weigh enough for their height.
- Rising rates of anaemia in women of reproductive age are also cited as a concern with almost one in three women affected worldwide and no country on track to meet global targets.
- Donor funding for nutrition rose by just two per cent in 2015, to US$867 million, representing a slight fall in the overall percentage of global aid. The report says funding needs to be ‘turbo charged’ and calls for a tripling of global investments in nutrition, to $70bn over 10 years to tackle childhood stunting, wasting and anaemia and to increase breastfeeding rates. Crucially, donors are only spending 0.01 per cent of official development assistance on diet related Non-Communicable Diseases, a ‘disturbingly low’ level.
For the complete report, click here.
GNR 2017 - India profile
- 38% of children under-5 are affected by stunting and 21% of under-5s are defined as 'wasted' or 'severely wasted'.
- In India, 16 per cent of adult men and 22 per cent of adult women are overweight.
- Globally, 614 million women aged 15–49 years were affected by anaemia. India had the largest number of women impacted.
- The rate of exclusive breastfeeding of infants under 6 months in India is 65 %
To visit the India Nutrition Profile, click here.
Source : Global Nutrition Report