Global Nutrition Report 2016
This topic provides information about the Global Nutrition Report 2015.
The Global Nutrition Report is a report card on the world’s nutrition—globally, regionally, and country by country—and on efforts to improve it. It assesses countries’ progress in meeting global nutrition targets established by the World Health Assembly. It documents how well countries, aid donors, NGOs, businesses, and others are meeting the commitments they made at the major Nutrition for Growth summit in 2013. And it spells out the actions that proven effective in combating malnutrition in all its forms.
The GNR is an annual publication and the first series was published in 2014. It is delivered by an Independent Expert Group and guided at a strategic level by a Stakeholder Group, whose members also review the Report. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) oversees the production and dissemination of the Report, with the support of the Secretariat based at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS).
Global Nutrition Report 2016 - An overview
Malnutrition is on the rise in every country in the world and is a leading global driver of disease. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who carry too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. The 2016 report comes on the heels of renewed international attention on nutrition. The Report highlights the staggering economic costs of malnutrition, as well as the critical gaps in investments and commitments to date. The report also points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030. It is accompanied by extensive supplementary online data, including nutritional profiles for 193 countries, 6 regions and 22 sub-regions.
Some of the key findings are as follows
- Malnutrition creates a cascade of individual and societal challenges and opportunities - Malnutrition is responsible for nearly half of all deaths of children under age 5, and, together with poor diets, is the number one driver of the global burden of disease. At least 57 countries experience serious levels of both undernutrition – including stunting and anemia – and adult overweight and obesity, putting a massive strain on many already fragile health systems. The economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) every year in Africa and Asia, whereas preventing malnutrition delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent.
- The world is off track to reach global targets, but there is hope - Many countries are on course for meeting targets related to stunting, wasting, and overweight among children under age 5 and exclusive breastfeeding. Nearly all countries are off course, though, for meeting targets on anemia in women and adult overweight, diabetes, and obesity.
- Given the scale of the malnutrition problem, current spending designed to overcome it is too low. Analysis shows that 24 low- and middle-income governments allocate just 2.1 percent of their spending to reducing undernutrition, whereas they spend a total of more than 30 percent on agriculture, education, health, and social protection.
- Core policies and programs that promote breastfeeding are seriously lagging: only 36 percent of countries implement all or many provisions of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. No country has adopted a comprehensive approach to regulating the marketing of foods and nonalcoholic beverages to children. Two-thirds of countries have made no progress in carrying out three core WHO recommendations to promote healthy diets (salt reduction, trans- and saturated-fat reduction, and implementation of WHO’s Recommendations on Marketing to Children).
- Despite these challenges, the Report shows that progress has been made, and is possible. The number of stunted children under 5 is declining in every region except Africa and Oceania. Individually, many countries have shown remarkable progress.
For the complete report, click here.
GNR 2016 - India profile
- The country almost doubled the rate of stunting reduction in the past 10 years compared with the previous decade.
- Although declines in India’s child under nutrition rates have accelerated since 2006, these faster developments are still well below the rates of progress needed to achieve the global nutrition targets adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) to which India is a signatory.
- India has a 38.7% prevalence of stunning among children under five years of age and 22% adult overweight and obesity prevalence. The prevalence of adult diabetes in India is 9.5 % .
- The exclusive breastfeeding rate in India is 46.4 %
- The prevalence of anemia in women of reproductive age is 48.1 %
To visit the India Nutrition Profile, click here.
Source : Global Nutrition Report