T17 2020/02/27 07:40:12.529538 GMT+0530
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This section covers various aspects related to Sanitation.

Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and waste water disposal.

Nearly half of India's 1.2 billion population do not have toilets at home. 60% of India’s rural population defecate in open either due to lack of toilets, lack of their Operation and Maintenance, due to absence of water or inappropriate technology with no scientific mode of digesting the waste, leading to rural men questioning the usefulness of toilets. 32% rural families in 2011 (as per census figures) and 40 %.( NSSO figures of 2013) have rural toilets.

Lack of adequate means of disposing waste is a growing nuisance for heavily populated areas, carrying the risk of infectious disease, particularly to vulnerable groups such as the very young, the elderly and people suffering from diseases that lower their resistance. Poorly controlled waste also means daily exposure to an unpleasant environment. The build up of faecal contamination in rivers and other waters is not just a human risk: other species are affected, threatening the ecological balance of the environment.

Frequently asked questions about Rural Sanitation

To know answers to FAQs on rural sanitation, click here.

Related Resources

  1. The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India
  2. National School Sanitation Initiative
  3. India Sanitation Portal
  4. Handbook on technical options for on-site sanitation
Visalakshi Palaniappan Sep 06, 2018 12:01 PM

How do I go about getting the necessary funds to build a community toilet in my village - any suggestions. I heard that one Mr.Suresh Chandra Menon had built in the year 2015 a community toilet in the village Manjakudi for a cost of 7 lakhs from an old Ship container and it has been very beneficial for the women of that village. Is there any government funds that I can tap to build one such toilet for the women of my village? Please Help!!!

Vikram Pratap Aug 25, 2018 05:56 PM

villages have NO practical system of sewage disposal. Covering naalis is no solution.
We collected 3 villages in punjab and installed 1 common Sewage treatment plant with help of local grants and NRI help.. The sewage was being thrown in ponds causing foul smell and nuisance.
No more dirty naalis, foul smell and epidemics. Sewage becomes clear odorless water and can be used for irrigation with high nitrogen content. We need NGO, NRI, GOvts,help to establish such plants so that villages become self dependent. We will help in installation at the best possible way. Check our previous performance with 800+ clients.Need to wake up and be self sustainable. Each village is a city. Own ecosystem.own panchayat. We need more awareness to spread in terms of sanitation and sewage treatment.*******@gmail.com

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