This topic covers about Schemes related to Backward classes
New Swarnima Special Scheme for Women
The Objective of this scheme is to inculcate the spirit of self-dependence among the eligible Women of Backward Classes living below the poverty line. The salient features of the "New Swarnima are:
- Maximum Loan limit is Rs. 1,00,000/- per beneficiary and interest will be charged@5% p.a.
- The beneficiary women is not required to invest any amount of her own on the projects.
- The women belonging to Backward classes as notified by the Central/ State Governments from time to time shall be eligible for loan under this scheme.
- The annual family income of the rural applicant should be below Rs. 20,000/- The annual family income of the urban applicant should be below Rs. 27,500/-.
Pattern of Financing
Rate of Interest
- Rate of Interest is 5% p.a.
- Depends upon nature of scheme however the maximum period of repayment is 10 years.
Pre-matric Scholarship for OBC Students
- Even after 51 years of independence and in spite of various measures taken to improve the level of education in the country, literacy levels among backward classes, particularly among women, continues to be extremely low. The number of steps have already been taken by the Government and considerable progress has been achieved in improving the level of literacy and education during the last 51 years, but there is still a long way to go before respectable levels of literacy are achieved, It has been recognized now that education and economic support for backward Classes has not been adequate and there is disparity between them and the non-backward sections of the population at every level. In view of the same, it is felt that earnest efforts are required to introduce various new schemes specifically for these target group i.e. backward classes to provide them a level playing field in comparison to non-backward sections of the population.
- The position of women in terms of literacy among OBCs population is also a cause of concern. Considering the important role of women in shaping the size of the family and outlook of its members, investment in improving education among women of these communities will not only improve their social and economic status, but will also help in accelerating the socio-economic development of these communities and the nation as a whole.
- Experience shows that children of OBCs from the poorer section to not go schools as they often have to provide a helping hand to their parents in traditional occupation or otherwise supplement the family income. It is considered that a scheme of Pre-matric Scholarship would be helpful in spreading education amongst such children specially amongst the girl child of weaker sections. A scheme of Pre-matric Scholarship for the benefit of children belonging to Weaker Section amongst OBCs has been formulated with the object in view.
- OBCs living below double the poverty line form a bigger chunk of a population and there are disparities amongst OBCs themselves to start with, it is proposed to award scholarship to school going children of poorer OBC parents whose annual income is below double the poverty line.
Scholarship award will be sanctioned in the case of students whose parents/guardians income from all sources does not exceed Rs.44,500 per annum.
Note 1: So long as either of the parents (or husband in the case of married unemployed girl student) are alive, only income of the parents/husband, as the case may be, from all sources will be taken into account and of no other members even though they may be earning. In the form of income declaration, income will be declared on this basis. Only in the case where both the parents (or husband in the case of married but unemployed girl student) have died, the income of the guardian who is supporting the student in his/her studies will have to be taken into consideration. Such students whose parent's income is affected due to unfortunate death of one of earning parents and resultantly comes within the income ceiling prescribed under the scheme, shall become eligible for scholarship, subject to their fulfilling other conditions of eligibility, from the month in which such sad incidence taken place. Applications for scholarships from such students can be considered even after lapse of last date of receipt of applications, on compassionate grounds.22
Note 2: House Rent allowance received by the parents of a student shall be exempted from the computation of 'income' if the same has been permitted to be exempted for purpose of Income-Tax.
Note 3: Income Certificate is required to be taken once only, i.e. at the time of admission to courses, which are continuing for more than one year.
Duration and Course of Studies
- The scholarships may be given to the students enrolled in class I or any subsequent class of pre-matric stage in the case of day scholars, and class III or any subsequent class of pre-matric stage in the case of hostlers. The scholarship will terminate at the end of class X. The duration of scholarship in an academic year will be 10 months.
Institution of Study
- The scholarship will be tenable only in such institutions and for such pre-matriculation courses, which have been duly recognized by the concerned State Government and Union Territory Administrations.
Coverage Value of Scholarship and Ad-Hoc Grant
- The students as hostlers will be covered from class III to X. The rates of scholarships will be as under:-
- Class III to VIII Rs.200/- per month for 10 months
- Class IX to X Rs.250/- per month for 10 months
The students as day scholars will be covered from Class I to Class X. The rates of scholarships will be as under:-
- Class I to V Rs.25/- per month for 10 months
- Class VI to VIII Rs.40/- per month for 10 months
- Class IX to X Rs.50/- per month for 10 months
- An ad-hoc grant of Rs.500/- per student per annum to all students i.e. hostlers as well as day scholars will also be given.
- The scholarship amount will be payable from the date of joining to the date of leaving the school, excluding the period of vacation, which will be about 10 months in a year except in the cases where the students enters late or leaves early in the midst of academic year.
For More Information: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Post-matric Scholarship for OBC
- The objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to the OBC students studying at post-matriculation or post-secondary stage to enable them to complete their education.
- These scholarships shall be available for studies in India only and will be awarded by the Government of State/Union Territory to which the applicant actually belongs, i.e. permanently settled.
Conditions of Eligibility
- The scholarships will be open to Indian nationals belonging to OBCs, as notified by the Central Govt./State Govt./ UT Admn.;
- These scholarships will be given for the study of all recognized post-matriculation or post-secondary courses pursued in recognized institutions with the following exceptions:
- "Scholarships shall not be awarded for training courses like Aircraft Maintenance Engineer's Course and Private Pilot License Courses. Courses at Training-Ship Dufferin (Now Rejendra); Courses of training at the Military College, Dehradun, Courses at pre-examination Training Centres of All India and State levels."
- Only those candidates who belong to OBCs so specified in relation to the State/UT to which the applicant actually belongs, i.e. permanently settled and who have passed the Matriculation or Higher secondary or any higher examination of a recognized University or Board of Secondary Education will be eligible.
- Candidates who, after passing one stage of education, are studying in the same stage of education in different subject e.g. I. Sc. after I.A or B.Com. after B.A. or M.A. in a subject after M.A in another subject will not be eligible.
- Students who, after having completed their educational career in one professional line, e.g., LLB after B.T/B. Ed will not be eligible.
- Students studying in XI Class of the Higher Secondary School courses or the XII class of the Multipurpose High School will not be eligible for it being a continuous school course. However, in cases, where tenth class examination of such courses is treated as equivalent to Matriculation and students who after passing tenth class join other courses, such students will be treated as post-matric students and will be eligible for the award of scholarships.
- Students pursuing Post-graduate courses in medicine will be eligible if they are not allowed to practice during the period of their course.
- Students who after failing or passing the Under Graduate/Post-Graduate examinations in Arts/science/Commerce join any recognized professional or Technical certificate/diploma/degree courses will be awarded scholarships if otherwise eligible. No subsequent failure will be condoned except courses in Group 'A' and no further change in the course will be allowed.
- Students who pursue their studies through correspondence courses will be eligible towards reimbursement of non-refundable fee. The term correspondence includes distant and continuing education. Besides reimbursement of non-refundable fee, such students will also be eligible for an annual allowance of Rs. 900/- for essential/prescribed books, as applicable.
- Only two boys of the same parents/guardian will be entitled to receive scholarships. This restriction will, however, not apply to girls. Accordingly, scholarship availed by girls of same parents/guardian will not adversely affect admissibility of availing scholarship upto two boys of same parents/guardian.
- A scholarship holder under this Scheme will not hold any other scholarship/stipend. If awarded any other scholarship/stipend, the students can exercise his/her option for either of the two scholarships/stipends, whichever is more beneficial to him/her and should inform the awarding authority through the Head of the Institution about the option made. No scholarship will be paid to the students under this Scheme from the date he/she accepts any other scholarships/stipend. The student can however, accept free lodging or a grant or ad-hoc monetary help from the State Government or any other source for the purchase of books, equipment or for meeting the expenses on board and lodging, in addition to the scholarship amount paid under this Scheme.
- Scholarship holders who are receiving coaching in any of the pre-examination training centers with financial assistance from the Central Government/State Government will not be eligible for stipend under the coaching schemes for the duration of the coaching programme.
- Employed students whose income combined with the income of their parents/guardians does not exceed Rs. 1.00 lakh per annum shall be eligible for post-matric scholarships to the extent of reimbursement of all compulsorily payable non-refundable fees.
- In case of unemployed students whose parents/guardians income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 1.00 lakh per annum will be entitled for the scholarship under the Scheme.
Note 1: So long as either of the parents (or husband in the case of married unemployed girl students) are alive, only income of the parents/husband, as the case may be, from all sources has to be taken into account and of no other members even though they may be earning. In the form of income declaration, income is to be declared on this basis. Only in the case where both the parents (or husband in the case of married but unemployed girl student) have died, the income of the guardian who is supporting the student in his/her studies has to be taken into consideration. Such students whose parent's income is affected due to unfortunate death of one of earning parents and resultantly comes within the income ceiling prescribed under the scheme, shall become eligible for scholarship, subject to their fulfilling other conditions of eligibility, from the month in which such sad incidence takes place. Applications for scholarships from such students can be considered even after lapse of last date of receipt of applications, on compassionate grounds.
Note 2: House Rent Allowance received by the parents of a student be exempted from the computation of 'income' if the same has been permitted to be exempted for purpose of Income-Tax.
Note 3: Income Certificate is required to be taken once only, i.e. at the time of admission to courses, which are continuing for more than one year.
For More Information: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
Revision of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Post-Matric Scholarship
The Government of India has been implementing the Scheme of Post-Matric Scholarship to students belonging to OBCs since 1998. It aims to provide financial assistance to students belonging to OBCs for pursuing post-matriculation courses through recognized institutions. Under the Scheme, Central Assistance is provided on 100% basis to all States/UTs over and above their respective “committed liability” except in the case of North Eastern States, which are exempted from committed liability.
Components of the Scheme include:
- Maintenance allowance;
- Reimbursement of non-refundable
- Compulsory fee charged by educational institutions; and certain other allowances.
The Scheme has now been revised (w.e.f. 01.07.2011).
The revision consists of the following:-
- Changes in (i) income ceiling; (ii) grouping of courses; and (iii) rates of maintenance and other allowances
- The Scheme was, to begin with, meant to be open-ended, but has, in practice, been implemented subject to allocation available for it.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Construction of Hostel for OBC Boys and Girls
- The Centrally-sponsored Scheme for Construction of Hostels for OBC Boys and Girls is being implemented since 1998-99 to address the problem of educational backwardness of OBCs. Very often, students from rural areas, especially those belonging to the weaker sections, discontinue their studies because of lack of secondary schools and colleges nearby and non-availability of adequate hostel facilities, at a reasonable cost, at places where such educational institutions are located. Therefore, the Scheme was initiated with a view to facilitate continuation of education by students belonging to OBCs, especially those hailing from rural and remote areas and from poor families. Since the inception of the Scheme, upto 2009-10, Central assistance for construction of 811 hostels for OBC students has been sanctioned.
- The funding pattern for construction of hostels under the scheme provided for cost sharing between the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 50:50, with 100% funding to UTs and Central Government Institutions like Central Universities.
- The Scheme has been revised w.e.f. 2010-11. Guidelines of the revised Scheme are given below.
- The Scheme aims at providing hostel facilities to students belonging to socially and educationally backward classes, especially from rural areas, to enable them to pursue secondary and higher education.
Important changes incorporated in the revised scheme
The following important changes have been incorporated in the Scheme, as revised from 2010-11:-
- Earlier, only State Governments, UT Administrations and Universities were eligible for Central assistance. Now, NGOs with a good track record will also be eligible.
- Enhancement of Central assistance to North-Eastern States & Sikkim from 50% to 90%.
- Indicative physical norms have been laid down for a typical 100 seater hostel with a view to improving the quality and "liveability" of hostels to be constructed henceforth, and to introduce a degree of uniformity in the physical norms across the country, and
- Introduction of a one-time non-recurring grant of Rs.2500/- per seat for providing furniture/equipment to the hostels constructed under the Scheme.
- Agencies Eligible for Assistance under the revised Scheme Agencies eligible for financial assistance under the revised Scheme will be as follows:-
- State Governments and UT Administrations;
- Institutions or organizations set up by the Central Government as autonomous bodies under a statute (e.g. Central Universities, IIT, NIT,etc.) or as Societies under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860, orotherwise;
- Well-established NGOs with a good track record in implementation of development schemes for OBCs, especially in the education sector. These organizations should have been registered for at least two years at the time of applying for grant under the Scheme.
Location and Capacity of Hostels to be constructed under the Scheme
While sanctioning hostels, priority will be given to:-
- Regions/districts not covered so far, and Districts/towns having a large number of educational institutions.
- As far as possible, hostels will be constructed in close vicinity of educational institutions.
- Assistance will be provided for construction of 100 seater hostels, at the maximum. Proposals for construction of hostels with lesser capacity (e.g. 25 or 50) would also be considered.
Eligibility criteria for students to be admitted to hostels under the Scheme
Students fulfilling the following eligibility criteria may be allotted seats in Hostels constructed under the Scheme:-
- Students whose castes are included in the Central/State/UT list of Backward Classes and who do not belong to the "creamy layer".
- Hostels would be essentially for post matric students. However, if there are vacant seats, pre-matric students especially of the secondary level, would also be eligible to be accommodated.
- Other things, being equal preference will be given to OBC students hailing from low income families.
- At least 5% of the total seats should be reserved for students with disabilities
For More Information: Construction of Hostel for OBC Boys and Girls (737KB)
Assistance to Voluntary Organizations for Welfare of OBCs
- The programme of giving grant-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations under the Backward Classes sector has been taken up by the Govt. of India during the Ninth Five Year Plan. The main purpose behind the scheme of grant-in-aid to voluntary organisation for taking up welfare activities among the OBCs is, to improve the educational and socio-economic conditions of these communities through voluntary efforts.
- The aim of the scheme is to involve the voluntary sector to improve educational and socio- economic conditions of the target group i.e. OBCs, with a view to upgrade skill to enable them to start income generating activities on their own or get gainfully employed in some sector or the other. The principle that good voluntary organisations should not only be assisted but also consciously built up, has been the guiding spirit behind the formulation of the scheme.
Target Group and Eligibility Criteria of OBCs
The NGOs will select only such OBCs as indicated below:-
- The beneficiaries should belong to OBCs as per notified list in the Central List of Backward Classes.
- The beneficiaries whose parents / guardians income from all sources including the income of the beneficiary does not exceed Rs. 1.00 Lakhs annually will be eligible for availing the benefit under the scheme.
Assistance under the scheme will be given to eligible voluntary organisations fulfilling the eligibility conditions laid down as under:-
In order to be eligible for assistance under this scheme, an Organisation should have the following characteristics:
- It is a registered body under an appropriate Act so that it gets a corporate status and a legal personality and a group liability is established for its activities.
- It has an appropriate administrative structure and a duly constituted managing / executive committee.
- The aims and objects of the organisation and programmes in fulfillment of those aims and objects are precisely laid down ;
- The organisation is initiated and governed by its own members on democratic principles, without any external control ; and
- It should not run for profit to any individual or body of individuals.
The Ministry will identify reputed and established NGOs which could be asked to set up facilities in those areas where various facilities for OBCs have not developed and rural and other inaccessible areas either themselves or in partnership with other NGOs.
For More Information: Assistance to Voluntary Organizations for Welfare of OBCs (138KB)
GIA to NGOs (Last Five Years) under the scheme "Assistance to VOs working for the Welfare of OBCs"
For More Information: Assistance to VOs working for the welfare of OBCs- GIA to NGO (Last Five Years) (32.5KB)
GIA Released to NGOs in 2013-14
GIA released to NGOs during the year 2013-14, under the scheme of"Assistance to Voluntary Organizations working for the Welfare of OBCs” (40.7KB)
State-wise/NGO-wise details of Grants-in-aid to NGOs
State-wise/NGO-wise details of Grants-in-aid to NGOs under the Scheme of ‘Assistance to Voluntary Organizations working for the Welfare of OBCs’ during 2011-12 (24.9KB)
National Overseas Scholarship for Other Backward Classes
The Scheme provides financial assistance to the finally selected candidatesfor pursuing Master level courses and Ph.D abroad in the following specified fields of study:-
c) Agricultural Science; and
Twenty five awards per year are available under the Scheme with following distribution:
|Fields of study||No. of seats each year|
First class or 60(sixty)% marks or equivalent grade in relevant Masters' Degree. Preference would be given to the experienced candidates, especially to those who hold lien with their existing post and employer.
For Masters' Degree
First Class or 60(sixty)% marks or equivalent grade in relevant Bachelors' Degree. Preference would be given to the experienced candidates, especially to those who hold lien with their existing post and employer.
Age & Income Ceiling
- Below 35(Thirty Five) years, as on First day of the month of the Advertisement of the Scheme.
- Total family income from all sources of the employed candidate or his/her parents/guardians, shall not exceed Rs.3,00,000/-(Rupees three lakh only) per annum (excluding such allowances as are not treated as part of total income for the purpose of income tax) as certified by the employer. A copy of latest tax-assessment as well as latest monthly salary slip from the employer is also required to be enclosed with the application.
Maximum Number of Children in a Family for the Award
Not more than one child of the same parents/guardians will be eligible for award of this scholarship and to this effect a self-certification will be required from the candidate. The awardee cannot be considered for the award for second or subsequent times as one individual can be awarded for once. The award can be given only once.
For More Information: Scheme of National Overseas Scholarship for Other Backward Classes candidates and Passage Grants as a Central Sector Plan Scheme during the XII Five Year Plan (2012-13 - 2016-17) starting from the year 2014-15. (74KB)