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Functions and responsibilities of Gram Sabha

This topic provides information about Duties, Powers and responsibilities of Gram Sabha.

Constitution mentions that Gram Sabha exercises such powers and performs such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide. For instance, they approve of the plans, programmes and projects for social and economic development before such plans, programmes and projects are taken up for implementation by the Panchayat at the village level (Panchayat at the village level is otherwise known as Gram Panchayat). It is also responsible for the identification or selection of persons as beneficiaries under the poverty alleviation and other programmes. Every Panchayat at the village level are required to obtain from the Gram Sabha a certification of utilisation of funds by that Panchayat for such plans, programmes and projects implemented.

Key functions of Gram Sabha

Following are the important and specific functions of Gram Sabha:

  • To help implementation of the development programmes and schemes of the Panchayat.
  • To identify beneficiaries for different programmes and schemes. However, if the Gram Sabha fails to identify such beneficiaries within a reasonable time, the Gram Panchayat shall identify the beneficiaries.
  • To solicit support — in cash or kind or both and voluntary labour — from the public for community welfare programmes.
  • To support the programmes of mass education and family welfare.
  • To promote unity and harmony among all sections of the society in the village.
  • To seek clarification from the Mukhiya, Up-Mukhiya and other members of the Gram Panchayat about any particular activity, scheme, income and expenditure.
  • To discuss and recommend appropriate action with regard to reports of the Vigilance Committee.
  • Other related matters brought to the notice of the Gram Sabha.
  • To consider levy of taxes, rates, rents & fees & enhancement of rates thereof.
  • To consider all such matters as may be referred by the Gram Panchayat for its decision.

Role of Sarpanch in Gram Sabha

  • Sarpanch is legally bound to organize Gram Sabha meetings.
  • It is an obligatory duty of Sarpanch to organize a minimum of two Gram Sabha meetings every year on the dates prescribed by the Government.
  • Sarpanch should take steps to ensure larger participation of people at Gram Sabha meetings.
  • Sarpanch should take all measures to ensure participation of people from all sections of society mainly, Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, Women, and he should encourage them to express their grievances and give suggestions in the Gram Sabha, which are discussed in detail in the next meeting.
  • Sarpanch should preside over the Gram Sabha meetings, except that of Social Audit Gram Sabha.
  • Sarpanch should sign the register meant for recording the minutes of Gram Sabha meeting.
  • As the chairperson of the Gram Sabha meeting, the Sarpanch can answer the questions raised at the Gram Sabha by the members.
  • The sarpanch has to ensure that the suggestions made in the Gram Sabha meeting, are discussed on priority basis in Gram Panchayat meetings.
  • Sarpanch should play a pro-active role for initiating proper action on the Gram Sabha resolutions.


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Role of Panchayat Secretary in Gram Sabha

The role of Panchayat Secretary is vital at Gram Sabha. The duties of Panchayat Secretary can broadly be categorized into three stages:

  • Pre-Gram Sabha
  • During Gram Sabha, and
  • Post Gram Sabha

Pre-Gram Sabha duties

The pre Gram Sabha duties of Panchayat Secretary include:

  • Finalisation of agenda for Gram Sabha in consultation with the Sarpanch.
  • Issuing notice of Gram Sabha meeting.
  • Publicising widely the Gram Sabha meeting details, such as the date, time and venue.
  • Preparing the Action Taken Report on the resolutions of the previous Gram Sabha meeting.
  • Preparation of notes on the agenda items to be placed before the current Gram Sabha meeting.
  • Providing proper seating, drinking water facilities and sanitation facilities for people attending the Gram Sabha meeting.

Duties during Gram Sabha

The duties of Panchayat Secretary during the conduct of Gram Sabha include:

  • Recording the details of members attending the meeting of Gram Sabha.
  • Presenting the Action Taken Report on resolutions of previous Gram Sabha meeting.
  • Ensuring the smooth conduct of the meeting of Gram Sabha as per its Agenda.
  • Assisting the Sarpanch in recording the minutes of Gram Sabha.
  • Recording of votes casted in favour/against of any resolution placed before Gram Sabha

Post Gram Sabha duties

These include

  • To coordinate with the Sarpanch and ward members for considering the resolutions of Gram Sabha in Gram Panchayat meetings.
  • To send report on the Gram Sabha meeting to the higher officials concerned.

Source : National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad

VAIBHAV Ratnakar INGLE Feb 08, 2020 10:00 PM

Dear sir plz inform that if grampanchayat member not attent for 26janevary gram sabha..what is action done against absent of member of grampanchayat?

Kanika Jan 02, 2020 11:50 AM

If any case registered in panchayat then how much time will take by panchayat to resolve the case? Pls reply asap

kanwal Dec 14, 2019 04:54 PM

My question is that if there is a dispute of property( situated in village) between relatives. Can panchayat help in this mater.Or can panchayat be approached to settle the matter of property between parties.

Anonymous Sep 29, 2019 09:58 AM

I am a newly joined govt. officer, working in a village. My institution comes under Zilla Panchayat. It faces water and sanitation problems. When I asked about this to my higher officials they said to take help from Gram Panchayat. So I approched Gram Panchayat, and meet President of the Gram Panchayat and PDO of the Gram Panchayat, explained about the problems and submitted a request letter. It is almost a year back I gave this letter, till now they not even tried to look towards the institution.

Each and every time villagers visiting to the institution scold us regarding cleanliness of the building but no one is able raise this issue in Gram Sabha.

Employees working here are the actual problem facing people. And they are the most scolded one.

Now My Question is that,...

Is it not the duty of Gram Panchayat to maintain sanitation in the village??
Is it not the duty of Gram Panchayat to provide basic facilities to the villagers??
Is it not the duty of Gram Panchayat to maintain the Government Institutions coming under its Jurisdiction??

When they are expecting "24 X 7" duty from us, can not they able to provide these basic facilities??

And it is not the problem budget. It is the lack of interest they had on their duties. They simply trying to skip from their responsibilities and keep pointing at others.

Nithish Sep 13, 2019 10:38 PM

We have constructed our new home in my panchayath. We asked to give water connection to our home but secretary is refusing to give water connection saying that it is drought time we cant give water connection . What shall I do when to contact further to get water connection ?

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