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SOP of various departments dealing with urban floods

The topic provides information about SOP of various departments dealing with urban floods.

Urban Local Body

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Setting up of EOC and CCR with Ham Radio or other relevant technology
ii) Issue directions to repair/restore/maintain roads, drains, trees (prune), etc.
iii) Prepare city Disaster Management Plan, with ward level DM actions
iv) Define triggers for issuing of alerts and warnings – rainfall / special event, etc.
v) Update data on flooding spots and landslide prone area
vi) Conduct coordination meetings with MTNL/BSNL, Mobile companies, NGO’s etc.
vii) Undertake TNA &capacity building measures for staff & personnel
viii) Conduct Mock Drills
ix) Maintain stock of potable water, food packets, insecticide, etc.
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Communicate with EOC for issuing alerts to the Crisis Control Room
ii) Mobilize staff and reserve equipment for field deployment
iii) Maintain inventory of refuge areas and temporary shelters
iv) Send out alerts and warnings to Citizens (refer detailed chart)
v) Prepare passes/ stickers for vehicles and personnel on duty
vi) Monitor flood and landslide prone areas using sensors/ consolidating citizen response/ crowd-sourcing/ physical inspection
III Response
Phase
i) Activate emergency alarms and systems
ii) Issue public information and advisories
iii) Transport/shift/ evacuate stranded/affected persons and deploy Rescue teams
iv) Ensure connectivity, clear uprooted trees, dispose of corpses
v) Organize temporary shelters with food and water supply
vi) Issue passes/identification stickers for vehicles and personnel onduty
vii) Coordinate the activities of NGOs and other private entities engaged in relief work
viii) Coordinate with CCR and if required with other agencies like for school children, transport, traffic, dewatering pump operators, stand-by boats, etc.
ix) Coordinate the activities of NGOs and other private entities engaged in relief work
IV Relief Phase i) Setup Relief Camps and temporary rescue zones
ii) Provide relief material including food, water and other consumables
iii) Co-ordinate relief material from various relief supplies
iv) Disseminate information for public on relevant platforms/ media
V Restoration
Stage
i) Implement Rehabilitation of affected with minimum basic services
ii) Restore emergency equipments and stocks
iii) Closure of relief camps with handover of land and equipment
iv) Disseminate information for public on relevant platforms/ media

Urban Development Authority

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Assist ULB to prepare city Disaster Management Plan and DM action plan for all emergencies
ii) Demarcate River catchments / flood plains/ Low lying areas/flood pathways and prepare Base flood hazard map
iii) Map location of man-holes, storm water drains, other critical features
iv) Undertake Training Needs Assessment & capacity building measures for Flood mitigation
v) Integrate department specific plans and DM concerns into:
· City drainage plan
· Master Plan/CDP
· Land Use plan
· General Development Control Regulations
· Building Bye-laws
vi) Submit integrated department specific plans to EOC
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Communicate with EOC for demarcation of high grounds in the city
ii) Identify holding and safe stocking zones/areas for relief supplies
iii) Identify refuge areas and temporary shelters for affected population and livestock
iv) Use field data to map safe transport routes within and out of the city
v) Update the digital city map with all linked infrastructure and inventories
III Response
Phase
i) Coordinate with CCR and other agencies for updated status of various infrastructure
ii) Provide field agencies and staff with required maps and data
IV Relief Phase i) Undertake rapid assessment of affected areas
ii) Maintain an inventory of “Transit shelters” with capacity, linked with the spatial base map
iii) Maintain an inventory of “Transit shelters” with capacity, linked with the spatial base map
V Restoration
Stage
Prepare Rehabilitation Plans and layouts with minimum basic services.

Health Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare an Emergency Health crisis management plan for prevention of epidemic.
ii) To establish an Epidemic Control Unit (ECU) with reliable connectivity
iii) Analysis of the data received from hospitals (Public & Pvt.), disease list from ECU.
iv) Maintain emergency stock of medicine/equipment/blood.
v) Maintain in good working condition, adequate no of Ambulances, mobile dispensaries, Hearse vans for movement of corpses.
vi) Prepare a directory of Health officers/professionals and medical facilities.
vii) Undertake vaccination and disinfection drives
viii) Develop skills and provide training to field staff/medical practitioners
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Alert field staff with proper equipment and kits.
ii) Issue alert signal to the Pvt. and other public sector hospital for support.
iii) Co-ordinate with EOC, police and transport for deployment of health officers and staff.
III Response
Phase
i) Coordinate with EOC for quick identification of affected zones for surveillance and response
ii) Triage of the affected population to be done by experts with experience of emergencies and, if possible, local knowledge.
Priority of cases
Priority I – Critical and severely ill cases.
Priority II – Moderate requiring resuscitation/ surgery within 24 hrs.
Priority III – Minor cases / moribund cases.
iii) Mobilize Ambulances and mobile dispensaries
iv) Establish health facility and treatment centers at disaster/relocation sites.
v) Communicate information of affected people to EOC.
vi) Establish temporary morgue facilities at temporary shelters
IV Relief Phase i) Deployment of field staff as per the need in wards/zones.
ii) Ensure adequate supply of medicines, disinfectants, equipment
iii) Coordinate with EOC for vector control, fogging
V Restoration
Stage
i) Undertake disinfecting measures in contaminated zones.
ii) Coordinate with Police for early disposal of dead bodies.
iii) Prepare and Maintain crisis/epidemic management reports and submit final report to EOC.

Irrigation Department/Storm Water Drainage

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Upkeep and maintenance of drains periodically and update Drainage Master Plan.
ii) De silting of storm water drains, culverts and canals periodically.
iii) Redesign existing storm water and drainage systems in flood prone areas for adequate flow of volume of drainage.
iv) Cleaning of sumps and manholes for clog free flow of waste water.
v) Setting up of flood level markers within the city.
vi) Monitoring Flood levels of rivers, lakes, canals and other datum.
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) On receipt of alert from EOC , field staff to be mobilized to the vulnerable area with all equipment and situation alert.
ii) Installation of High capacity pumps in low lying areas.
iii) Keep spare pump sets ready for all locations.
III Response
Phase
i) Coordinate with EOC for quick identification of affected drains and flooded areas.
ii) Continuous monitoring of flooding spots and critical drains.
iii) Update urgent repairs and restoration information to EOC & media.
IV Relief Phase i) Repair and maintenance of damaged drain and drainage networks in the flood affected area.
ii) Provide contingency toilets and temporary drainage facilities.
iii) Pumping out water from submerged low-lying areas.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Restore the damaged drain and refurbish drainage networks.
ii) Prepare an Action Taken Report for all wards and zones and update network maps and log information. Submit to EOC.

Public Work Department / Water Board

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Identify and map emergency groundwater resources resistant to disasters to replace damaged public and domestic water sources.
ii) Ensure adequate no. of water tankers for emergency supplies.
iii) Incorporate technology to identify leakages and breaches in network without onsite inspection
iv) Install water supply outlets (taps/ Hand pumps/other) above flood level at identified temporary shelter sites to serve as emergency potable water sources
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Nodal officer to communicate with EOC and control room with updates.
ii) Alert field staff on receiving alert/warning from EOC with properly equipped kits for closing/
opening of valves/manholes.
III Response
Phase
i) Close the supply valves of breached supply lines in the flooded zones/contaminated zones.
ii) Mobilize resources to extract water from identified “Emergency ground water resources”
iii) Make arrangement of on-site arrangements for potable water through tankers.
IV Relief Phase i) Provide safe drinking water supply in temporary shelters, hospitals etc.
ii) Provide water to mobile toilets for transit and relief camps.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Restore all services to pre-disaster phase and maintain quality check.
ii) Prepare an Action Taken Report and report to EOC.

Public Work Department (Road and Bridges)

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Maintain an inventory of all roads and bridges by hierarchy, equipment and tools for response and recovery efforts.
ii) Train staff in safety assessment of infrastructure assets, strengthening and retrofitting, emergency response measures.
iii) Identify core teams for technical/engineering support/decision making in Flood situations.
iv) Prepare a Disaster Response map identifying safe routes and exits
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Nodal officer to Communicate with EOC and control room.
ii) Identify and Establish emergency connectivity network and routes
iii) Secure tools and equipment in safe locations, pre-position if needed.
iv) Ensure/undertake checks to ensure infrastructure remains in operational condition, during flooding.
III Response
Phase
i) Undertake emergency structural rehabilitation/retrofitting measures of critical infrastructure.
IV Relief Phase i) Create / Provide emergency access in areas which communication links are lost/damaged severely during the event.
ii) Construction of emergency structures (levees among others) to control flood risk.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Undertake detailed damage assessment of critical infrastructure.
ii) Reestablishment of roads and bridges.
iii) Undertake repair/strengthening works
iv) Ensure safe construction practices are followed
v) Provide technical support as required to other agencies
vi) Prepare all Action Taken Report and update “the road network map or inventory and report to EOC and Municipal Corporation.

Public work department (Building)

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Maintain inventory list of all dilapidated buildings, equipment and tools for response and recovery efforts
ii) Identify buildings in the low lying areas and develop strategy for strengthening / retrofitting so as to minimize damage.
iii) Undertake prevention/protection/structural rehabilitation/retrofitting measures of lifeline buildings
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Depute the designated officials to EOC for coordination on all activities in the zones/wards
of the city on Receipt of Warning from EOC.
ii) Communicate with EOC and different agencies or vital inputs.
iii) Alert residents of dilapidated buildings
iv) Secure tools and equipment in safe locations.
III Response
Phase
i) Monitor dilapidated structures and update list of collapsed structures to coordinate with EOC
ii) Intimate the action from time to time to EOC.
IV Relief Phase i) Recce damage to buildings and related infrastructure
ii) Undertake repairs/ shoring to buildings and related infrastructure
iii) Undertake construction of temporary structures and supporting structures to provide basic
services to the affected population
iv) Controlled demolition/ shoring of buildings which have turned unsafe
V Restoration
Stage
i) Conduct structural damage assessments
ii) Undertake reconstruction/retrofitting of buildings/ community infrastructure
iii) Submit Action Taken Report to EOC and Municipal Corporation.

Power Supply Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare flood preparedness plan with information on earlier flood level with inventory of equipment.
ii) Identify sensitive locations around high risk power installations.
iii) Periodical checking, testing, maintenance of all equipment and Instruments.
iv) Provision for separate lines/ sources of power for critical substations
v) Raise level of transformers and substations above flood level
vi) Training of staff about handling the flood situation.
vii) Listing of citizen response actions for public dissemination by EOC
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) On receipt of alert from EOC, coordinate and monitor power installations
ii) Secure tools and equipment in safe locations.
iii) Disconnection of power in vulnerable areas
III Response
Phase
i) Ensure Emergency power supply lines to the Transit camps/Medical camps and temporary relief shelter.
ii) Ensure the availability of mobile DG sets/ solar powered batteries of required places like relief camp.
iii) Ensure safety from electrical installations or power supply at the disaster site.
IV Relief Phase i) Restore power supply in phases as per safety.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Undertake total restoration in all power supply zones/ any damaged infrastructure.
ii) Prepare Action Taken Report for all wards and zones an update the information about
power supply line and inventory and share the report with Municipal Corporation and EOC.

Telecommunication

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare flood preparedness plan with information on earlier flood level.
ii) Identify the high/medium risk telecommunication transmission towers.
iii) Regular checking and maintenance of telecommunication towers and networks.
iv) Link EOC and other control rooms with necessary communication devices like ham radio, hotlines, VHF, etc.
v) Ensure availability of mobile communication devices
vi) Training for department staff about handling the flood situation.
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Ensure the availability of Equipment and Spares Inventory with the field staff.
ii) Ensure power backup for cell phones and telephone exchange.
III Response
Phase
i) Deploy portable communicable system in the vulnerable flood site.
ii) Establish a temporary communication facility for use by various authorities /department/ agencies involved in Emergency Response tasks.
iii) Manage sudden rush of communication traffic.
iv) Set-up Emergency Hotlines, Helpline and service integration (Ambulance /Police/Fire) process.
IV Relief Phase i) Inspect and repair normalization of communication in flood affected areas.
ii) Establish a temporary communication facility for use by the public.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Restore all telephone lines and telecommunication towers.
ii) Prepare Action Taken Report for all wards and zones an update the information about telecommunication infrastructure and inventory log and share the report with Municipal Corporation and EOC.

Education Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Identify Schools/ Institutions located in the high raised area with enough capacity to be used for temporary relief centre during floods.
ii) Training of teachers and Students basic first-aid, and rescue methods.
iii) Prepare List of vulnerable schools in low lying areas/ in water catchments, etc.
iv) Prepare List of Zonal Schools where 24 hours’ staff is available
v) Organize education programs to raise awareness about action during flood.
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Alert relief shelter schools for readiness.
ii) Coordinate with EOC for identification of potential “Relief Shelter” and necessary mobilization.
iii) Information maps, escape routes, precautions to be taken, emergency communication details and contact of the nodal officer suitable displayed in the School/Institution display board.
III Response
Phase
i) Students of low lying area schools will be shifted to shelters
ii) Intimate the action from time to time to EOC/ all line departments by action taken report
through nodal officer.
IV Relief Phase i) Coordinate with EOC for updates and information dissemination, provision of supplies, etc.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Detailed damage assessment and repair of education infrastructure.
ii) Prepare all Action Taken report through Nodal Officer to EOC/ Education Department.

Police Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare emergency plan with focus on deployment of police personnel.
ii) Keep rescue rope and life jackets ready
iii) Training of police personnel in handling flood situations
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Depute the designated police officials to EOC for coordination on all activities in the zones/ wards of the city.
ii) Effective Communication system for non-police functions with designated separate channels for rescue, relief and restoration.
iii) On receipt of the alert/warning, disseminate information to all police officers/personnel and ensure action is initiated.
III Response
Phase
i) Deployment of Policemen and equipment for rescue
ii) Quick Assessment of law and order situation in affected areas.
iii) Active patrolling during disasters for preventing looting.
iv) Provide assistance to persons with special needs in evacuation shelters such as small children, pregnant women and mothers with nursing infants etc.
v) Intimate the action from time to time to EOC.
IV Relief Phase i) Maintain law and order and ensure crowd management.
ii) Prepare detail report on evacuation and other rescue.
iii) Safe transporting of personnel, resources and relief goods to and from the affected area
iv) Provide safety for property, people and public peace.
v) Provide safety in distribution of relief materials.
vi) Provide safety for VIP who visits the affected area.
vii) Efforts for identifying of missing persons and notification to the relatives.
viii) Coordinating with all other department for rescue and relief.
V Restoration
Stage
i) Ensure law and Order for all restoration efforts.
ii) Prepare Action taken report and submit to Municipal Corporation and EOC.

Traffic Police

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare emergency traffic plan including detail mapping with focus on strategic routing and safe holding terminals.
ii) Training to traffic police personnel in handling flooding situations and issues related to them.
iii) Prepare flood contingency Plan in consultation with the Development authority, transport department and PWD(Road).
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Depute the designated officials to EOC for coordination on all activities in the zones/wards of
the city on Receipt of Warning from EOC.
ii) Communicate with EOC and different agencies for vital inputs during warning period.
iii) Identify alternate routes for traffic in flood prone areas
iv) Identify temporary parking lots and seek permission from land owners
v) Identify sites for helicopter landing
vi) Establish Effective Communication system
III Response
Phase
i) Deploy traffic staff to help in identifying and redirect traffic through safe route.
i) Give directions whenever necessary to ensure free passage for fire brigade ambulance, police
vehicles and vehicles of other respondents.
ii) Divert traffic to alternate roads as and when necessary.
iii) Provide information about traffic flow through the media, public addressed system, sign boards and display boards.
iv) Intimate the action from time to time to EOC.
IV Relief Phase v) Control and monitor traffic movements.
vi) Clear stranded vehicles obstructing movement of traffic.
vii) Clear roads or path-way of uprooted trees in coordination with PWD.
V Restoration
Stage
iv) Prepare operational and management report and submit final report to Municipal Corporation Control Room.

Fire Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Train officers in basic flood rescue and response
ii) Prepare plans for utilization of resources, personnel, equipment and supplies
iii) Repair and maintain rescue boats and ancillary equipment
iv) Conduct mock drills
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Communicate with EOC and different agencies for vital inputs during warning period.
ii) Keep communication devices in a state of readiness
iii) Ensure the availability and maintenance of equipment and vehicles.
iv) Alert staff for Rescue and evacuation.
III Response
Phase
i) Dissemination of warning to common people by alarms, sirens, to public announcement system like radio, television, loud speakers, hoisting of flags.
ii) Rescue stranded persons
iii) Evacuate persons from the affected areas
iv) Coordination with Transportation, Public Work, Police and Traffic police during Rescue and evacuation.
v) Clear roads or path-way of uprooted trees.
IV Relief Phase i) Coordinate with other agencies in the restoration stage.
ii) Prepare detail report on evacuation and other rescue.

Indian Meteorological Department

PhaseActivities
I Preparedness
Phase
i) Prepare “Regional Precipitation Study Report “based on earlier data of local rainfall and projections of future precipitation.
ii) Maintain rainfall distribution/flood levels, cyclones and tidal waves time series data and patterns.
II Early
Warning
Phase
i) Issue alerts based on anticipated water logging /water surge.
ii) Deploy staff at weather monitoring stations for regular reports and updates.
III Response
Phase
i) Monitor rainfall data from each observation station and update the City Administration /Control room /EOC
IV Relief Phase i) Project data and time of incessant rain/precipitation.
ii) Predict cyclones and Depressions/Heavy rains
V Restoration
Stage
i) Consolidate reports of climate and weather submitted to city administration/EOC and Development Authority.

Source : Urban Flooding : Standard Operating Procedure- Ministry of Urban Development, GoI

3.01041666667
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