National Panchayati Raj Day
This topic provides information about National Panchayati Raj Day.
The Constitution of India recognizes Panchayats as 'Institutions of self government'. There are 2.51 lakh Panchayats in our country, which include 2.39 lakh Gram Panchayats, 6904 Block Panchayats and 589 District Panchayats. There are more than 29 lakh Panchayat representatives. Under the 14th Finance Commission for the period 2015-20, more than 2 lakh crore Rupees is being allocated to Gram Panchayats for 5 years to undertake physical and social infrastructure projects in the villages.
Though the Panchayati Raj Institutions have been in existence for a long time, it has been observed that these institutions have not been able to acquire the status and dignity of viable and responsive people's bodies due to a number of reasons including absence of regular elections, prolonged super sessions, insufficient representation of weaker sections like Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women, inadequate devolution of powers and lack of financial resources.
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993 has vested constitutional status on Panchayati Raj institutions. This date thus marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level. The impact of the 73rd Amendment in rural India is very visible as it has changed power equations irreversibly. Accordingly, the Government of India decided in consultation with the States to celebrate 24th April as National Panchayati Raj Day. The commemoration is being anchored by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. The National Panchayati Raj Day (NPRD) is being celebrated on 24 April since 2010.
National Panchayati Raj Day 2018
Ministry of Panchayati Raj commemorated the National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2018 at Mandla, Madhya Pradesh. During the National Panchayat Raj Day event,the following projects and applications were launched.
- Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan launched. The scheme aims at building infrastructure and stepping up initiatives for e-governance.
- A Road Map for overall development of tribals during the next five years released
- A Local Government Directory was released
- National awards viz., Deendayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar, Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar conferred upon Panchayati Raj Institutions and e-Panchayat Puraskars to State Governments.
- 188 Panchayats in 25 States are being conferred with Nanaji Deshmukh Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar in recognition of their exemplary work for improving delivery of services and public goods.
- Twenty One Gram Panchayats in 21 States are being conferred with Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar for outstanding performance through effective Gram Sabhas
- Sikkim, Odisha, Maharashtra, Telangana, Tripura and Karnataka have been conferred e-Panchayat Puraskar for effective adoption, usage and encouragement of Panchayats in e-enablement.
Source : Ministry of Panchayati Raj