This topic provides information about Swajal Scheme.
Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation aims to provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations. Ministry has initiated a pilot project in the name of “Swajal” that is designed as a demand driven and community centred program to provide sustainable access to drinking water to people in rural areas.
Community–led drinking water projects to be called ‘Swajal’ aiming at providing sustainable and adequate drinking water in an integrated manner to the rural masses on pilot basis. It is envisaged that the State government in partnership with rural communities; shall plan, design, construct, operate and maintain their water supply and sanitation schemes; so that they get potable water and attain health and hygiene benefits; the State Government and its sector institutions shall act as supporter, facilitator and co-financier and as per need shall provide technical assistance, training and cater for bigger construction works and sectoral contingencies.
Scope of coverage
In first phase, it is proposed to select pilot project district in six States, viz., Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Bihar under NRDWP. This will be implemented through convergence of other programmes like MGNREGS, PMKSY, RRR etc. The districts are to be identified by the States to start the project formulation in fast track mode.
Rationale of the Swajal Pilot Project
The demonstrated success of reform in rural water supply and sanitation sector based on demand driven approaches has contributed a lot to the replication of such models in other states, leading to the formulation of a central government level program for mainstreaming Swajal principles countrywide. The lessons learnt from earlier models based on demand driven and community centred principles include, but not limited to:
- Partnership between village communities, NGOs and the government as the facilitator and co- financing has worked successfully.
- The possibility of misappropriating and misusing the funds becomes minimal if transparency at each stage is adhered and monitored by stakeholders.
- Empowerment of PRIs is a viable and sustainable option for scaling up the decentralized service delivery model.
- The change from a supply based model to demand based model requires a new mind set and investment at different levels for acceptance of the new model.
- Good facilitation and appropriate techniques have to be put in place in community management model.
- Some form of external support to communities is imperative to ensure long term sustainability;
The investment guidelines for new investments under Swajal Pilot Project shall follow the steps mentioned below. Monitoring and Evaluation would be part of all these steps.
- Preparatory Steps : This includes dissemination of the Swajal Pilot Project details and principles in the state and compilation of existing water sources database, and institutional mobilization to implement the program.
- Scheme Selection : Schemes to be covered under various categories are identified and pre- feasibility studies to collect basic data of the schemes is collected
- Implementation of the Project Cycle : Planning and Implementation of the schemes, following a set of defined principles and activities and involving the community.
- Post-Implementation Support : Support to the GPs post-implementation to undertake operation and maintenance and monitor sustainability
The Government of India and the State Government share will be as per the existing NRDWP guidelines applicable to various states. The contribution from Gram Panchayat and communities will be against capital cost of water supply.
To access the complete guidelines, click here.