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Constitutional provisions for development of Scheduled Tribes

This topic provides information about Constitutional provisions for development of Scheduled Tribes.

Important constitutional provisions

Several provisions have been incorporated in the Constitution for safeguarding and promoting the interests and rights of the Scheduled Tribes in various spheres so as to enable them to join the national mainstream. An overview of the provisions is as follows.

I.A-Definition and Specification of STs
Art. Title
342 Scheduled Tribes
366 Definitions
II.B - Educational, Economic and Public Employment-related Safeguards
15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
19 Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc
46 Promotion of Educational and Economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
335 Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts
II.C- Political Safeguards
330 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People
332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States
334 Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after sixty years
243D Reservation of seats (in Panchayats)
243T Reservation of seats
II.D- Agency for monitoring safeguards
338A National Commission for Scheduled Tribe

Article 46 of the Constitution provides that the State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the society and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.

Reservation in educational institution has been provided in Article 15(4) while reservation in posts and services has been provided in Article 16(4), 16(4A) and 16(4B) of the Constitution.

Article 23 which prohibits traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar forms of forced labour has a special significance for Scheduled Tribes. In pursuance of this Article, Parliament has enacted the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976. Similarly, Article 24 which prohibits employment of Children below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or in any other hazards activity is also significant for Scheduled Tribes as a substantial portion of child labour engaged in these jobs belong to Scheduled Tribes.

Article 243D provides reservation of Seats for Scheduled Tribes in Panchayats.

Article 330 provides reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People.

Article 332 provides reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes in Legislative Assemblies of the States.

Article 334 provides that reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and the State Vidhan Sabhas (and the representation of the Anglo-Indian Community in the Lok Sabha and the State Vidhan Sabhas by nomination) would continue up to January, 2020.

Other specific safeguards have been provided in Article 244 read with the provisions contained in Fifth and Sixth Schedule to the Constitution.

Other provisions applicable in specific states

  • Article 164(1) provides that in the States of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha there shall be a Minister in charge of tribal welfare who may in addition be in charge of the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and backward classes or any other work.
  • Article 371A has special provisions with respect to the State of Nagaland.
  • Article 371B has special provisions with respect to the State of Assam.
  • Article 371C has special provisions with respect to the State of Manipur.
  • Article 371F has special provisions with respect to Sikkim.

Source : National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

Khan Bashir kashmiri Nov 12, 2017 01:00 PM

Reservation for any caste is their political social as well as moral right. But it s very much unfortunate that only those people can avail it who are exposed to public affairs or having political affairs. And very unfortunately these people neither live in slums nor facing such problems for which they are facilitated. They avail sophisticated life and living in high class conditions....
But the possession of having obc or caste certicates is depriving the rights of those people who are really marginalized groups and in some cases General categories also.
The Creamy layer condition must b checked out. And a social justice or so called equity should b established.....

harsh Sep 08, 2017 07:17 PM

Plzz put some more info

Yayam bagang Apr 05, 2017 08:17 AM

Culturally tribal people ( especially of NE india excluding Assam)
Are so different . This effects economic field of the states .
Even though many provisions are provided they are still till lacking behind . While other states that are granted as scheduled areas like madhya pradesh , maharashtra etc are equally developed as Delhi ( the capital ) . Why do they have more reservation seats ( 27 %) ??
I don't get it !!
The reservationew seats for ST is very nominal .
Please identify and acknowledge the diffrence !!

SURYBHAN MURMURE Feb 23, 2017 12:14 AM


I hereby kindly request that tribal peoples cant be develop by economically on the basis of reservation,Each country state,district,taluka,vilage and familys most portion development is depend on infrastractuale development.secondly per capita credit needs supplied by public sector banks.Which portion is neglected in regard to tribes,Please kindly look into the matter seriously sir, Thanking you

MURUGAN Feb 08, 2017 01:20 PM

The govt will including More People group in (S.T) community but they will not increase the Reservation in Public employment, due this there will be a improper propotion in number of People vs Reservation percentage, so i will request the govt will take necessary steps about this matter,becuase this will strictly affect the development tribal community
Thank you

SURYBHAN MURMURE Nov 03, 2016 10:01 PM

Respected sir,

I hereby kindly request you that Tribal peoples are major economicaly backward.Hence publick sector banks should provide
as per required finance to tribales.Hence they will over come very soon economically foewards.
pl do provision in this regard.

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