This topic covers various schemes related to Scheduled Tribes
Top Class Education for ST Students
This is a Central Sector Scholarship Scheme for ST students introduced from the academic year 2007-08 with the objective of encouraging meritorious ST students for pursing studies at Degree and Post Graduate level in any of the Institutes identified by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the purpose.
- It supports meritorious ST students who gain admission in 213 identified quality educational institutions.
- Scholarship once awarded will continue till completion of the course subject to satisfactory performance.
- Amount of Scholarship covers tuition fees, boarding and lodging expenses, book grant and a onetime grant for purchase of a Computer along with its accessories.
- 100% funding is provided by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs according to the norms.
- Each identified Institute has been allocated 5 awards, however, it can be increased subject to an overall cap of 625 scholarships per year.
- Fund is released by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to the concerned Institution directly.
- The total family income of the student from all sources should not exceed Rs. 2.00 lakh per annum.
- Only those Scheduled Tribe students who have secured admission in notified Institutions will be eligible for the scholarship.
- If the number of the ST students admitted in a particular Institution exceeds the number of awards allocated to that Institutions than the scholarship will be restricted to that number of students who occupied top slots in the inter-se merit list.
- Full amount of tuition fee and other non-refundable dues in respect of Government/Government-funded institutions are paid.
- In case of students studying in private sector institutions a ceiling of Rs. 2.00 lakh per annum per student will apply normally.
- In case of students in private sector flying clubs for Commercial Pilot Training the ceiling is Rs. 3.72 lakh per annum per student.
- Living expenses are paid as per actual, subject to maximum ceiling of Rs. 2200/- per month per student.
- Expenditure on Books and stationery is paid @ Rs. 3000/- per annum per student.
- Cost of a latest computer along with accessories limited to Rs. 45,000/- as one time assistance during the entire course is paid to the student.
PROGRESS OF THE SCHEME
- Under the Scheme, during the 11th Five Year Plan period (2007-08 to 2011-12), an amount of Rs. 13.83 crore was released to cover 814 students.
Upgradation of Merit of ST Students
The objective of the scheme is to upgrade the merit of ST students by providing them remedial and special coaching in classes IX to XII. While remedial coaching aims at removing deficiencies in various subjects, special coaching is provided with a view to prepare the students for competitive examinations for seeking entry into professional courses like Engineering and Medical disciplines. The scheme was revised from time to time. The last revisions in the Scheme were made during 2008-09.
- The State Government/UT Administration selects certain schools in different Districts/towns with hostel facilities which show excellence in performance of students from class IX to XII.
- The Ministry fixes the total number of awards for each State annually.
- Coaching starts from class IX in the identified schools and continues till the awardees complete class XII.
- Coaching is provided in languages, science, mathematics as well as special coaching for admission to professional courses like engineering and medicine.
- While selecting the ST students the aim is to include at least 30% girl students and 3% disabled students.
- The scheme provides for 100% central assistance to the States/UT’s.
A package grant of Rs. 19,500/- per students per year comprising the following:
|Rs. 11,500/- per students per year as under: Boarding & lodging charges @ Rs. 700/- Per monthe for 10 months||Rs. 7,000/-|
|Pocket Money @ Rs. 200/- for 10 months||Rs. 2,000/-|
|Books and Stationery||Rs. 2,500/-|
- Rs. 8,000/- per year per student for honorarium to Principal, Experts and other incidental charges.
- Besides the amount of scholarship, students with disabilities are also eligible for the additional grants provided in the Scheme.
Vocational Training Centres in Tribal Areas
The main aim of this scheme is to upgrade the skills of the tribal youth in various traditional/ modern vocations depending upon their educational qualification, present economic trends and the market potential, which would enable them to gain suitable employment or enable them to become self-employed. This scheme was introduced in 1992-93 revised with effect from 1.4.2009.
- The Scheme is being implemented through the State Governments/UT Administrations, Institutions or Organizations set up by Government as autonomous bodies, educational and other institutions like local bodies and cooperative societies and Non-Governmental Organizations etc.
- The scheme is exclusively for benefit of the Scheduled Tribes as well as PTGs and can be taken up anywhere in the country but priority will be given to remote tribal areas, inhabited by particularly vulnerable tribes and areas affected by extremist activities.
- The capacity of each vocational training center is 100 or more trainees i.e. for one trade there should be at least 20 candidates. As far as possible, minimum 33% seats will be reserved for tribal girl candidates.
- Each center may cater to five vocational courses in traditional or other skills depending upon the employment potential of the area.
- Each tribal boy/girl is trained in one trade of his/her choice, the course being of maximum six months’ duration.
- Each trainee is attached at the end of six months to a Master Craftsman in a semi-urban area for a period of six months to learn his skill by practical experience.
- Each Vocational Training Centre set up under the Scheme running five trades will provide training to 100 or more trainee i.e. for one trade there should be atleast 20 candidates.
- The funding under this scheme is provided in following two ways:
- By setting up and running VTCs mainly in remote areas/ rural areas deficient in facilities,
- By supporting vocational training for ST as also PTG candidates in already existing institutions in townships/ districts, etc. like it is, Polytechnics, computer training centres, and other private recognized institutions
The following Expenses are paid under the Scheme:
- The maximum assistance of Rs.30,000/- per annum per ST trainee comprising the following:
- Stipend top trainee @ Rs. 700/- per month
- Rs. 1600/- per trainee per annum for procurement of tools, raw martial etc.
- Monthly honorarium to faculty/supporting staff etc.
- Boarding/lodging of trainees, electricity and water charges, etc.
Additional payment of annual rent as per actual subject to a limit of Rs. 10,000/- per month is admissible in case of rented building.
- Non-recurring expenses @ Rs. 0.48 lakh per trade for five years is admissible under the scheme.
National Overseas Scholarships for Scheduled Tribe Students
It is a Central Scheme to provide financial assistance to meritorious students for pursuing higher studies in foreign university in specified files of Master Level Courses, Ph.D and Post-Doctoral research programmes, in the field of Engineering, Technology and Science. The Scheme was introduced during the year 1954-55 and has since been revised from time to time. This was Non-Plan Scheme, which became a Plan Scheme from 2007-08.
- Financial assistance is provided to 15 meritorious students (13 for ST and 2 for PTG) for pursuing higher studies abroad at the Masters level and Ph. D and Post-Doctoral research programmes in 35 specified disciplines of Engineering, Technology and Sciences.
- The Scheme attempts at enhancing the employment avenues for ST candidates.
- 100% Central Assistance is provided directly to the candidates.
- The prescribed financial assistance is provided till completion of the course/ research or the following period, whichever is earlier:-
- Post-Doctoral Research - 1&1/2 years (One and a half year)
- Ph.D. - 4 years (four years)
- Master’s Degree –3 years ( three years)
- The extension of stay beyond prescribed period for levels of courses as mentioned above, may be considered without financial assistance of any kind except the air passage to return to India, on the recommendation of the competent authority in the educational institution/ university as well as the Indian Mission abroad.
- The candidate should belong to Scheduled Tribe community.
- The candidate should be First Class with 60% marks or equivalent grade in relevant degree for Master Degree, Ph.D. and Post-Doctoral Research.
- The age of the candidate should below 35 years.
- Total income from all sources of the employed Candidates or his/her parents/guardian should not exceed Rs. 25000/- per month (excluding such allowances as are not treated as part of the total income for the purpose of income tax).
- Not more than one child of the same parents/guardian is eligible.
- Candidates who are in employment must forward their applications through their employer alongwith their NOC.
- The finally selected candidates are required to obtain admission and join an accredited university/ institution abroad within three years from the date of communication of selection.
- The selected candidates are given cost of tuition and other educational fees charged by the foreign university etc., maintenance and other grants along with travel expenses.
- Only Passage Grants are available to four ST candidates every year who are in receipt of merit scholarship for Postgraduate studies, Research or Training abroad (excluding attending Seminars, Workshops, Conferences) from a Foreign Government/ Organization or under any other schemes where cost of passage is not provided.
- The awardees are permitted to supplement their prescribed allowances by undertaking Research/Teaching Assistantship up to prescribed ceilings. Where income earned is beyond the ceiling, the maintenance allowance under the scheme shall be correspondingly reduced by the Indian Missions abroad.
PROGRESS OF THE SCHEME:
|11th Five Year Plan period||Releases (Rs.in crore)|
|2007-08 to 2011-12||1.54|
|12th Five Year Plan period|
Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for ST Students
This is a Central Scheme to providing fellowship to Scheduled Tribe students for pursuing higher studies such as M.Phil and Ph.D. The scheme was introduced in the year 2005-06.
- UGC is a nodal agency for implementation of the Scheme.
- It supports ST students in their higher studies such as M.Phil and Ph.D in all the Universities/Institutions recognized by the UGC.
- The fellowship is on the pattern of UGC fellowship awarded to regular full time research students in M.Phil and Ph.D courses.
- The total number of fresh fellowships each year is 667.
- In case, number of candidates exceed number of awards, UGC select the candidates based on percentage of marks obtained by the candidates in Post-Graduation examination.
- The distribution of fellowships amongst different States/UTs would primarily be in the proportion of ST population in the respective States/UTs.
- UGC may divert slots from a particular State if eligible candidate are not available in that States.
- Scholarship amount is disbursed to the candidates by the UGC through Bank Smart Cards.
- Amount of Scholarship covers fellowships, contingency expenses, expenses for departmental assistance, escorts/reader assistance for disable candidates and HRA on UGC pattern.
- 100% funding is provided by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs on the basis of the norms.
- Average cost of fellowship is Rs. 2.16 lakh for Junior Research Fellow (JRF) and Rs. 2.40 lakh Senior Research Fellow (SRF).
- A Scheduled Tribe candidate should have passed Post Graduation examination and the requirement of 50% marks at post-graduation level will not be insisted by UGC.
- The student should get admission and registration for regular full time M.Phil/Ph.D degree courses in University/Academic Institutions as per the prescribed norms and advertisement of UGC.
- If the number of the ST students exceeds the number of available awards UGC selects the candidates based on percentage of marks in the Post Graduate examination.
- The maximum duration for which the scholarships are available is given below:
- M.Phil - 2 years (JRF)
- Ph.D - 2 years (JRF) and 3 years (SRF)
- M.Phil + Ph.D – 2 years (JRF) and 3 years (SRF)
- Fellowship for JRF is provided @ Rs. 16000/- per month and for SRF @ Rs. 18000/- per month.
- Contingency for Fellows in Humanities and Social Science is provided @ Rs. 10000/- per annum for two year and Rs. 20500/- per annum for the rest of the period.
- Contingency for Fellows in Science is provided @ Rs. 12000/- per annum for two years and @ 25000/- per annum for the rest of the period.
- Departmental assistance @ Rs. 3000/- per annum is provided to the host institution.
- Escorts/Reader assistance @ Rs. 2000/- per month is provided in case of physically and visually handicapped candidates.
- HRA on the UGC pattern.
PROGRESS OF THE SCHEME:
- Under the Scheme, during the 11th Five Year Plan period (2007-08 to 2011-12), an amount of Rs. 232.64 crore was released.
Post Matric Scholarship (PMS) for ST students
The scheme covers professional, technical as well as non-professional and non-technical courses at various levels including correspondence courses covering distance and continuing education. The Scheme was introduced during the year 1944-45 and has since been revised from time to time. The last revision of the scheme has been made w.e.f. 01.04.2013.
- A Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented by the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations.
- 100% Central assistance over and above the committed liability of the States Governments/UTs Admn. from the Government of India.
- The Scheme provides financial assistance to the Scheduled Tribe students studying at post matriculation or post-secondary stage.
- Scholarships are available for studies in India only.
- The State Government and UT to which the applicant actually belongs award the scholarship.
- The scheme also covers central assistance to States/UTs for setting up Book Banks.
- Scholarships are paid to students whose parents’/guardians’ income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 2.50 lakh per annum.
- All children of the same parents/guardian are eligible.
- Scheduled Tribe candidates who have passed the matriculation or higher secondary or any higher examination of a recognized University or Board of Secondary Education are eligible.
- The scholarships are available for the study of all recognized post matriculation or post-secondary courses in recognized institutions except certain identified training courses like Aircraft Maintenance Engineer’s Courses, Private Pilot Licence courses etc.
- Students studying through correspondence courses are eligible.
- Employed students on leave without pay for the entire duration of a full time course are eligible for course.
- The scholarship holder under this scheme will not hold any other scholarship/stipend.
- Students who have received coaching in any of the pre-examination training centres with financial assistance from the Government will not be eligible.
- Scholars are paid :-
- Fees for enrolment/registration, tuition, games, Union, Library, Magazine, Medical Examination and such other fees compulsorily payable by the scholar to the Institution or University/Board.
- Study tours charges upto a maximum of Rs. 1600/- per annum.
- Thesis typing and printing charges upto a maximum of Rs. 1600/- for the research scholars.
- Additional allowances to the ST students with disabilities at the prescribed rates for different degree of disability.
- Annual allowance of Rs.1200/- for essential/prescribed books, besides reimbursement of course fees to correspondence course students.
Maintenance allowance as mentioned below:-
|Groups||Rate of Maintenance allowance (in Rupees per month)|
|Group-I||(i) Degree and Post Graduate level courses including M.Phil., Ph.D. and Post-Doctoral research in Medicine (Allopathic, Indian and other recognized systems of medicines), Engineering, Technology, Planning, Architecture, Design, Fashion Technology, Agriculture, Veterinary & Allied Sciences, Management, Business Finance /Administration, Computer Science/ Applications.||1200||550|
|(ii) Commercial Pilot License (including helicopter pilot and multiengine rating) course.|
|(iii) Post Graduate Diploma courses in various branches of management & medicine.|
|(iv) C.A./I.C.W.A./C.S./I.C.F.A. etc.|
|(v) M.Phil., Ph.D. and Post-Doctoral Programmes (D. Litt., D.Sc. etc.) –|
|a) In existing Group II courses|
|b) In existing Group III courses|
|Group - II||(i) Graduate/ Post Graduate courses leading to Degree, Diploma, Certificate in areas like Pharmacy (B Pharma), Nursing (B Nursing), LLB, BFS, other para-medical branches like rehabilitation, diagnostics etc., Mass Communication, Hotel Management & Catering, Travel/Tourism/Hospitality Management, Interior Decoration, Nutrition & Dietetics, Commercial Art, Financial Services (e.g. Banking, Insurance, Taxation etc.) for which entrance qualification is minimum Sr. Secondary (10+2).||820||530|
|(ii) Post Graduate courses not covered under Group-I e.g. M.A./M.Sc./M.Com./M.Ed./M.Pharma etc.|
|Group - III||All other courses leading to a graduate degree not covered under Group I & II eg. BA/B Sc/B Com etc.||570||300|
|Group- IV||All post-matriculation level non-degree courses for which entrance qualification is High School (Class X), e.g. senior secondary certificate (class XI and XII); both general and vocational stream, ITI courses, 3 year diploma courses in Polytechnics, etc.||380||230|
- Central assistance to States/UTs for setting up of Book Banks is given @ prescribed rates. For the degree courses maximum limit is Rs. 7500/- for a set of books for two students and for Post-Graduate course @ Rs. 5000/- per student.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Hostels for ST boys and ST Girls
- Article 16 of the Constitution enables the Central government to make special provisions for the socio-economic development of the deprived sections of the society to enable them to share the facilities at par with the rest of the society. Education is the foundation for any kind of socio-economic development. Education of Scheduled Tribes assumes added importance in the sense that it elevates their social status and equips them with the acumen to take advantage of the emerging opportunities both in employment and other economic activities.
- While illiteracy is a general problem for the country cutting across caste, religion, region and such other barriers, its total effect on the life and status of the Scheduled Tribes stands out prominently as an area of national focus. The women among the Scheduled Tribe groups suffer from triple jeopardy in as much as that they suffer from social barriers as STs, then as females and then also as the least literate segment of the society.
- Thus, there is a felt need for making a proactive discrimination in favor of ST girls while modifying the present scheme of hostel constructions so as to facilitate preferred proliferation of the educational infrastructure for them through, State Governments/UTs and Universities.
- The existing scheme of construction of hostels aims to supplement the efforts of the State Governments for creating a congenial study atmosphere free from the shackles of domestic shores, so as to encourage students belonging to the target groups to purse their education career without dropping out. Such hostels are immensely beneficial to the students of ST community hailing from rural and remote areas.
- While the Scheme of Hostels for ST Girls is in operation since the 3rd Five Year Plan, the Scheme for of ST Boys was started with effect from the year 1989-90.During the 10th Five Year Plan both the schemes have been merged into a single scheme.
Applicability of The Scheme and Objectives of The Modification
- The scheme is for ST boys and girls (including Primitive Tribal Groups). The primary objective of the modification is to attract the implementing agencies for undertaking hostel construction programme for ST Girls studying in middle schools, higher secondary schools, colleges and universities towards the broader vision of containment and reduction of their dropout rate.
Implementing Agencies and Eligibility
- The Scheme will be implemented through the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations and the Central/other Universities.
Location and Scope of Hostels
The hostels under the Scheme should be constructed at a place where the educational institutions concerned are situated, keeping in view the concentration of ST population in a particular area or place. Further, the hostels under the scheme would be sanctioned as far as possible as a part of the established educational institutions or in close vicinity of such institutions. The hostels for Vocational
Training Centres (VTCs) can be constructed only in those tribal areas where State Governments/UT Administrations take initiative to run these centres efficiently.
The hostels under the Scheme can be constructed for middle, secondary, college and university level of education and also for Vocational Training Centres.
The construction of boundary walls, two rooms set for hostel warden, a kitchen, a toilet, a common room and one room set for Chowkidar would be an integral part of the hostel scheme.
The expenditure on maintenance of the hostels will be borne by the implementing agencies concerned from their own funds.
Strength of the Hostels
- Generally, the number of inmates for whom the accommodation can be provided in a hostel under the Scheme should not exceed 100 but may exceed if there is a requirement of additional seats.
Hostels for ST Girls
For construction/extension of hostels for ST Girls under the Scheme, 100% central assistance would be provided to the State Governments/UT Administrations and the Central/other Universities.
Hostels for ST Boys
For construction/extension of hostels for ST Boys, the central assistance to the implementing agencies would be provided as detailed below:-
(a) The State Governments will be eligible to receive central assistance on 50:50 matching basis. However naxal-affected states (specified districts as identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time-list of specified districts annexed) will be eligible for 100% central assistance. Also 100% financial assistance would be provided to the UT Administrations;
(b) The Central Universities would be eligible for 90% financial assistance;
(c) Other Universities would be eligible on the basis of 45% central share, 45% State share and the remaining 10% to be borne by the Universities concerned themselves;
(d) In case the State Governments concerned do not contribute their share of 45% to the Universities as prescribed in (c) above, the share of the former will also have to be borne by the Universities concerned, thereby raising their contribution to 55%.
The hostels for Vocational Training Centres (VTCs) for ST Girls and Boys will be funded on the same criteria as other hostels for (girls and boys) schools/colleges.
Manner of release of central assistance
The grants-in-aid shall be released after ensuring physical release of requisite matching share by the State Government/UT Administration/University concerned.
(a) The central assistance will be limited only to the cost of construction/extension of the Hostels for ST Girls and Boys (including Primitive Tribal Groups) as indicated above.
(b) Unencumbered land will be made available free of cost by concerned State Government/UT Admn./University for construction of the hostel.
(c) The application for the grant shall be supported by the utilization certificate as well as details of physical and financial progress in respect of hostels sanctioned earlier by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs along with details of location of proposed hostel and number of seats in each hostel.
(d) Plan of the Hostel duly approved by the competent authority in the State Govt./UT Administration/University.
(e) A certificate to the effect that matching provision wherever necessary exists in the State Budget for the Scheme.
(f) The hostels shall be completed within a period of 2 years from the date of release of the central assistance. However the period for completion of the extension of existing hostels shall be 12 months.
(g) A few rooms/blocks of the hostels should be constructed barrier free and facilities like ramps etc. should be included in the design of the construction for the convenience of the ST students with disabilities.
(h) The cost of construction of hostels will be worked out on the basis of State/UT PWD/CPWD schedule of rates prescribed for such type of construction.
(i) In case, any State Government is unable to provide the required matching share from its budget, any MP/MLA can provide the State’s share from his/her MPLADS/MLALADS fund.
(j) Preference will be given to State Governments who commit annual maintenance expenditure, as per reasonable norms.
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
- The implementing agencies shall closely supervise the construction of hostels regularly and shall submit quarterly progress reports, both physical add financial, to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, New Delhi till the completion of the hostels.
- For the purpose of effective monitoring, the ministry may itself conduct or cause field visits to be conducted by appropriate agencies/authorities to inspect the projects. The expenditure on evaluation/monitoring and administration of the scheme shall be met out of the funds provided for this scheme.
Article 46 of Part IV (“Directive Principles of State Policy”) of the Constitution enjoins upon the State to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, in particular, of the
Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Article 38(2) of the same Part also enjoins upon the State to minimize inequities in income and to endeavor to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.
Objectives of the scheme are:
- To support parents of ST children for education of their wards studying in classes IX and X so that the incidence of drop-out, especially in the transition from the elementary to the secondary stage is minimized, and
- To improve participation of ST children in classes IX and X of the pre-matric stage, so that they perform better and have a better chance of progressing to the post-matric stage of education.
Scholarship under the Scheme will be available for studies in India only and will be awarded by the Government of the State/Union Territory to which the applicant belongs i.e. where she/he is domiciled.
CONDITIONS OF ELIGIBILITY
- Student should belong to Scheduled Tribe
- Her/his Parents’/Guardian’s income should not exceed Rs. 2.00 lakh per annum.
- She / he should not be getting any other Centrally-funded Pre-Matric Scholarship.
- She/ he should be a regular, full time student studying in a Government School or in a School recognized by Govt. or a Central/State Board of Secondary Education.
- Scholarship for studying in any class will be available for only one year. If a student has to repeat a class, she / he would not get scholarship for that class for a second (or subsequent) year.
Annual Parents’/Guardian’s Income
- Scholarships will be paid to the students whose parents/guardians’ income from all sources does not exceed Rs. 2,00,000/- (Rupees two lakh only) per annum.
NOTE 1: So long as either of the parents is alive, only income of the parents, as the case may be, from all sources has to be taken into account only and of no other member even though they may be earning. In the form of income declaration, income is to be declared on this basis. Only in the case where both the parents have died, the income of the guardian who is supporting the student in his/her studies has to be taken. Such students whose parent’s income is affected due to unfortunate death of one of earning parents and resultantly comes within the income ceiling prescribed under the scheme, shall become eligible for scholarship, subject to their fulfilling other conditions of eligibility, from the month in which such sad incidence takes place. Applications for scholarships from such students can be considered even after lapse of last date of receipt of applications, on compassionate grounds.
NOTE 2: House rent allowance received by the parents of a student shall be exempted from the computation of ‘income’ if the same has been permitted to be exempted for the purpose of Income tax.
NOTE 3: Income certificate is required to be taken once only i.e. at the time of admission to courses which are continuing for more than one year.
Establishment of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-Plan Areas
- The objective of the scheme is to provide residential schools for Scheduled Tribes including PTGs in an environment conducive to learning to increase the literacy rate among the tribal students and to bring them at par with other population of the country. The scheme is in operation since 1990-91 and has been revised w.e.f. the financial year 2008-09.
- This is a centrally sponsored scheme and is operational in the Tribal sub-Plan States/UT Administrations.
- The scheme covers primary, middle, secondary and senior secondary level of education.
- Under the revised scheme, State Governments are eligible for 100% funding for establishment of Ashram Schools (i.e. school buildings, hostels, kitchen and staff quarters) for girls in TSP areas and also for construction of Boys’ Ashram Schools in TSP areas in naxal affected areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time).
- The funding pattern for the other Boys’ ashram Schools is on 50:50 basis, while cent percent assistance is given to UTs for construction of both Girls’ and Boys’ Ashram Schools.
- Financial assistance on 50:50 basis is given for other non-recurring items of expenditure i.e. purchase of equipment, furniture and furnishing, purchase of few sets of books for a small library for use of inmates of the hostels etc.
- The ST boys and girls can study in residential schools in an environment conducive to learning.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing two Special Programmes viz. Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan (SCA to TSP) and Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India. The SCA to TSP is meant for filling up critical gaps in the family-based income-generating activities of TSP and to cover employment-cum-income generation activities and infrastructure incidental thereto. Besides family-based activities, other activities run by the Self-Help Groups (SHGs)/Community are also to be taken up. The Grants under under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India are for promotion of the welfare of Scheduled Tribes and up gradation of the levels of administration in Scheduled Areas to bring them at par with the rest of the State and for welfare of the tribal people. The grants under Article 275(1) can also be utilized to construct and run Eklavya Model Residential School for promotion of quality middle and high level education to ST students.
Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan (SCA to TSP)
- The Special Central Assistance (SCA) is provided by the Ministry of tribal Affairs to the State Government as an additive to the State TSP. SCA is Primarily meant for family-oriented income-generation schemes in sectors of agriculture, horticulture sericulture and animal husbandry cooperation. A part of SCA (not more than 30%) is also permitted to be used for development of infrastructure incidental to such income generating schemes.
- SCA is intended to be additive to State Plan efforts for tribal development and forms part of TSP strategy. The objective of the strategy is two folds:-
- Socio-economic development of STs Protection of trials against exploitation. of the above, SCA primarily funds schemes/projects for economic development of STs.
The GOI guidelines broadly lay down the following norms:-
- SCA is primarily meant for income generating family oriented schemes and infrastructure incidental thereto (not more than 30% of the total outlay)
- Wherever a scheme is provided for any Central Sector/Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS), SCA should not be utilised for the same. Rather, the allocations available under specific schemes can be availed of major infrastructure development should be supplemented from the TSP flow, rather than being catered out SCA like roads, electrification etc.
- Schemes for funding demonstration units should not be financed out of SCA. Rather, the follow-up of demonstrations should be catered to looking to the Special disadvantages that the tribal funds themselves with.
- Tribal populace Below Poverty Line should alone be supported with SCA financed activities.
- In any specific schematic projects financed by outside agencies, both national and international, normally a part of the outlay is proposed as State Government contribution. Such contribution should flow from normally State Plan and not out of SCA.
- Wherever State Government Organizations like Tribal Development Cooperative Corporations (TDCCs) or Forest Development Corporations (FDCs) are dealing with schemes related to tribal welfare and development, the equity based should not be financed out of SCA, without prior approval of the GOI. This will lead to better monitoring of the concerned activities.
- Specific sectors related to the Tribal need to be givers a fillip by special schemes in the areas like sericulture, horticulture, etc out of SCA.
- Wherever conjunctional flow of funds can be ensured from other ongoing development programmes, this must be dovetailed so as to have a better spatial and demographic coverage.
Allocation under SCA to TSP
State-wise Allocation under the Programme SCA to TSP’ during 2013-14
|8||J & K||2163|
|Total B.E. - Rs.120000.00 lakh||(Rs. In lakh)|
|For normal projects||108000|
|For Incentive Projects||12000|
SCA is released for the economic development of the following:-
- Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP) area contiguous large area in which ST population is 50% or more out of a total population.
- Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) pockets identification of pockets containing 50% or more of ST population out of a total population of 10000 and above
- Clusters-identified pockets containing 50% or more ST Population out of a total population of 5000.
- Primitive Tribes-identified isolated communities among the STs Charactarised by the low rate of population, pre-agricultural level of technology and extremely low levels of literacy (so far 75 Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) have been identified.
- Displaced tribal population outside (a),(b),(c) and (d) above.
- Assistance for Margin Money Loan Programme (MMLP) for Tribal Finance and Development Corporations in the States to implement MMLP.
- Special Projects-Specific Project proposals are also received and sanctioned.
So far as the procedural aspect is concerned, the guidelines are as follows:-
- SCA should be allocated by the State Governments/UT Administrations to the ITDPs and no part of SCA should be released to any department at the State level, Transfer of funds to implementing departments/agencies if required should be done by the ITDP. to the corresponding officer of the implementing agency/line.
- ITDP should prepare 5 year/Annual Plans depending upon the local parameters. Activities of, non-plan nature should not be catered to from SCA.
- To fulfill the constitutional provisions, the schemes on which SCA is proposed to the utilized, should be specified in the annual TSPs of the States/UTs and administrative approval of the Government of India be obtained financial sanctions however need not be obtained on a case by case basis.
- SCA is released to the States normally in three installments and the entire amounts expected to be made available by the end of third quarter. The releases would be subject to the performance by the State Governments and the utilization of previously released funds.
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs issued guidelines for release and utilization of SCA to TSP in May, 2003. There was a minor modification in the guidelines in January, 2008.
Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India
Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India provides such sums as Parliament may by law provide shall be charged on the consolidated Fund of India in each year as grants-in-aid of the revenues of such States as Parliament may determine to be in need of assistance, and different sums may be fixed for different States:
Provided that there shall be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of a State such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable that State to meet the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the State with the approval of the Government of India for the purpose of promoting the welfare of Scheduled Tribes in that State or raising the level of administration of the Scheduled Areas therein to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that State”.
- This is a Central Sector Scheme and 100% grants are provided to the States.
- The scheme covers States namely Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal having Scheduled Tribe Population..
- The grants are provided to the States on the basis of ST population percentage in the State to the total tribal population of the Country.
- The funds are released to the State Governments against specific projects for the welfare of Scheduled Tribes and strengthening of administration of tribal areas from the year 2000- 2001. A part of funds are also utilised to establish Eklavya Model residential Schools to provide quality education to ST students from class VI to XII
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs issued revised guidelines, in super session of the earlier circulars/ letters/ guidelines on the subject, under No.14011/ 9/ 2001-SG&C dated 2.7.2002 for adoption during 10th Five Year Plan. There was a minor modification in the guidelines in January, 2008.
Main Features of the Revised Guidelines dated 2.7.2002
The following are the main features of the revised guidelines issued by this Ministry on 2.7.2002.
- Grant under Article 275(1) is additionally to Normal Central Assistance to the State Plan.
- Adoption of the project approach and prior approval of the Ministry is necessary.
- The projects under the first proviso to Article 275(1) are part of the overall TSP and the Annual State Plans.
- Micro-plans for each ITDA/ MADA are to be prepared through multi-disciplinary teams.
- Thrust areas are to be identified so that resources are better targeted rather than spreading too thin.
- Provision for utilization of 2% of the funds for project management has been made.
- Provision of expenditure up to 10% of the funds for maintenance and infrastructure with prior approval of the Ministry has also been made.
- Proportionate, at least 30% coverage of women is necessary.
- TSP Component of the Annual State Plan is to be put in a separate budget head under the administrative control of their respective Tribal Development Department.
- Earmarking of 10% of funds out of the overall allocation under the first proviso to Article 275(1) for innovative projects has been provided which will be sanctioned amongst only those States who provide TSP in the State Plan in proportion to the ST population of the State in a single budget head and then have spent at least 75% in previous three years on an average
States can take up activities for strengthening the infrastructure in the sectors critical to enhancement of human development indices such as education, income generation, health irrigation, roads, bridges, forests, forests villages, electrification, communication, rural marketing, agriculture, animal husbandry, food processing, processing of MFPs, human resource development in technical and vocational spheres, water harvesting, resettlement of displaced persons, tribal land management, sports promotion. Generation of community welfare assets like residential schools, Maintenance of schools, Providing skilled teaching including in tribal language, Nutritional support to needy: children, mothers and elderly people, Community Grain Storage, Assured Drinking Water, and Other activities meant for welfare of Tribal population different from conventional development etc.
Provision under Article 275 of the Constitution of India
275. Grants from the Union to certain States. – (1)Such sums as Parliament may by law provide shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of India in each year as grants-in-aid of the revenues of such States as Parliament may determine to be in need of assistance, and different sums may be fixed for different states:
Provided that there shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of a state such capital and recurring sums as may be necessary to enable that state to meet the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the State with the approval of the government of India for the purpose of promoting the welfare of the scheduled tribes in that state or raising the level of scheduled tribes in that state or raising the level of administration of the scheduled areas therein to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that state:
Provided further that there shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India as grants-in-aid of the revenues of the state of Assam sums, capital and recurring, equivalent to –
the average excess of expenditure over the revenues during the two years immediately preceding the commencement of this constitution in respect of the administration of the tribal areas specified in Part I of the table appended to paragraph 20 of the sixth schedule and
The costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by that state with the approval of the Government of India for the Purpose of raising the level of administration of the said areas to that of the administration of the rest of the areas of that state.
[(1A) on and from the formation of the autonomous state under article 244A, -
(i) Any sums payable under clause (a) of the second provision to clause (1) shall, if the autonomous state comprises all the tribal areas referred to therein, be paid to the autonomous State, and, if the autonomous State comprises only some of those tribal areas, be apportioned between the state of Assam and the autonomous state as the President may, by order, specify.
(ii) There shall be paid out of the consolidated fund of India a grants-in-aid of the revenues of the autonomous state sums, capital and recurring equivalent to the costs of such schemes of development as may be undertaken by the autonomous state with the approval of the Government of India for the purpose of raising the level of administration of the rest of the state of Assam.]
(2) Until provision is made by Parliament under clause (1), the powers conferred on Parliament under the clause shall be exercisable by the President by order and any order made by the President under this clause shall have effect subject to any provision so made by Parliament:
Provided that after Finance commission has been constituted no order shall be made under this clause by the president except after considering the recommendations of the Finance Commission.
Allocation under Article 275 -1 of the Constitution for the year 2013-2014
|State-wise Allocation under the Programme Grants Under Article 275 (1) of the Constitution of India during 2013-14|
|S.N.||States/UTs||Allocation (Rs. In lakh)|
|9||Jammu & Kashmir||1529|
Eklavya Model Residential School
- In the context of the trend of establishing quality residential schools for the promotion of education in all areas and habitations in the country, the Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for ST students take their place among the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas and the Kendriya Vidyalayas.
- Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) are set up in States/UTs with grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India.
- States/UTs are free to apportion funds out of their Article 275 (1) Grants to construct and run additional EMRS over the number sanctioned by the Ministry.
- The State Governments/UT Administration will ask for new EMRS after ensuring that all the existing EMRSs have been made functional.
- The Ministry’s support to the States/ UTs for the EMRSs programme and its expansion will be subject to the States/UTs ensuring high quality of management and running of the schools. Quality management indicates timely and smooth transition of funds allocated from the State Government/UT Administration to the management societies/schools; ensuring the recruitment of the desired number of teachers; ensuring the provision of medical facilities to staff and students; clean and hygienic surroundings and food for the children and providing a healthy, happy environment for the academic and overall development of the children. If the progress in the EMRSs is seen to be poor as a direct result of poor management and lack of adherence to standards the States/ UTs concerned would be unable to claim any more funds from the Ministry for this programme.
Objectives of EMRS
The objective of EMRS is to provide quality middle and high level education to Scheduled Tribe (ST) students in remote areas, not only to enable them to avail of reservation in high and professional educational courses and as jobs in government and public and private sectors but also to have access to the best opportunities in education at par with the non ST population. This would be achieved by:
- Comprehensive physical, mental and socially relevant development of all students enrolled in each and every EMRS. Students will be empowered to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a larger context.
- Focus differentially on the educational support to be made available to those in Standards XI and XII, and those in standards VI to X, so that their distinctive needs can be met,
- Support the annual running expenses in a manner that offers reasonable remuneration to the staff and upkeep of the facilities.
- Support the construction of infrastructure that provides education, physical, environmental and cultural needs of student life.
Structure of EMRSs
- Admission to these schools will be through selection/competition with suitable provision for preference to children belonging to Primitive Tribal Groups, first generation students, etc.
- Sufficient land would be given by the State Government for the school, play grounds, hostels, residential quarters, etc., free of cost.
- The number of seats for boys and girls will be equal.
- In these schools, education will be entirely free.
- Every class can have maximum 60 students preferably in 2 sections of 30 students each and the total sanctioned strength of the school will be 480 students.
- At the Higher Secondary level (class XI & XII), there will be three sections per class for the three streams in Science, Commerce & Humanities. The maximum sanctioned strength of the each section may be 30 students.
Management and Running of EMRS
- The EMRSs may be affiliated either to the State or Central Boards of Secondary Education as desired fit by the State Governments/UT Administration.
- The norms and standards for a school class VI to class VIII in respect of the number of teachers to be appointed, as provided in the Schedule to the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 shall be strictly followed.
- Efforts may be made to recruit maximum no. of women teachers. At the time of recruitment, preference may be accorded to candidates whose spouses also qualify for selection as teachers. Women should be given preference for employment among the non-teaching staff and in any case women be deployed in the posts of cook, helper and cleaner.
- Each State Government/UT Administration would be solely responsible for the management and effective functioning of the EMRSs.
- State Governments/UT Administration may opt for any feasible/ suitable mode of management whether by autonomous education societies; public-private partnership with reputed educational institutions; in arrangement with the State Department of Education or any other mode found suitable.
- All State Governments/UT Administration are encouraged to set up a society/use an existing registered education society for the management of the EMRSs. Such a society will be eligible for accepting donations, contributions and grants from individuals and institutions, for the purposes of augmenting the infrastructure/ facilities/ educational resources of the schools in the interest of quality education.
- A Management Committee may be constituted for each EMRSs which could include, among others, reputed local NGOs involved with education. Help of such NGOs may be taken to organize socially relevant, development/ welfare extension programmes.
- The tasks of school admissions, appointment of teachers, appointment of staff, personnel matters and day-to-day running of the schools would be handled entirely by the society chosen by the State Government/UT Administration and in the manner deemed most suitable.
- The State Governments/UT Administration shall ensure and maintain the highest quality in the selection of teachers and staff for academic and extra-curricular excellence.
- The Government of India, Ministry of Tribal Affairs shall not accept any responsibility for the management of the School including student admission, staff recruitment, personnel policy / administration estate management etc.
Building Design and Layout
- The land allocation for each school should be 20 acres of which upto 3.5 acres may be used for the construction purposes. The remaining area must be maintained properly and a reasonable portion may be earmarked for sports/ games.
- The plan of the school must indicate a layout of the compound, including the kitchen, vegetable garden and plantation (fruits and nutritional trees like drumsticks (moringa/Sahjan), citrus) areas. States/UTs are encouraged to use fuel saving or renewable energy technologies in the school by availing of the schemes of the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy.
- The design of the EMRS must take certain essential components into account as well as local, environmental characteristics. A list of suggested essential components is at Annexure.
- The norms and standards of a school in respect of ‘Building’ as laid down in the Schedule to the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009, shall be strictly ensured.
Costs & Budget
Capital Cost (non-recurring)
- The capital cost for the school complex, including hostels and staff quarters will now be Rs. 12.00 crore with a provision to go up to Rs.16.00 crore in hill areas, deserts and islands. Any escalation will have to be met by State Government/UT.
- Recurring cost during the first year for schools would be @ Rs. 42000/- per child. This may be raised by 10% every second year to compensate for inflation etc.
- For procurement of essential, non-recurring items like furniture/equipment including for the kitchen, dining, hostel, recreation, garden etc. @ Rs.10 lakh per school - will be allowed once in every 5 years, allowing for inflation.
- The annual budget for recurring expenditure shall be formulated and placed before the Management Committee for approval at the end of the each financial year for the next year. The rates for calculation of recurring costs may be based on the prevailing rates sanctioned for the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya from time to time.
- The amount under recurring cost, due to each functioning EMRS, would be released by the State/UT Government to the bank account of the EMRS. The bank account of each EMRS for this purpose may be opened jointly in the name of the Principal of the EMRS and any Member of the Management Committee who is also a Government official.
Review and Monitoring
- The progress of implementation of the scheme will be reviewed by the Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs through periodic reports from the State Government/ implementing agencies.
- The Ministry of Tribal Affairs will conduct review meetings during which States/UTs would be required to make presentations on the progress of their EMRSs.
- The guidelines for the use of the grants under Article 275 (1) provide for an amount up to 2% of the total allocation to be used for administration of the programme. This would be applicable in case of EMRS.
- A centralized mechanism for the online monitoring of the EMRSs would be developed. Meanwhile States/UTs may strength their own systems/methods.
- The Government of India is free to make any modification in the aforesaid conditions in consultation with selected State Governments/ UTs whenever deemed necessary.
Development of Forest Village
After the enactment of Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, State Governments faced problems in taking up non-forestry developmental activities relating to infrastructure for improving socio-economic conditions of people living in the villages located in the forest areas. Consequent to the intervention of this Ministry, steps like stopping of illegal eviction of genuine tribal people living in the forests, allowing diversion of forest lands for providing the basic and essential developmental facilities to the tribal/forest villages etc. have been achieved.
This programme was launched during the 10th Plan as a onetime measure with for integrated development of 2690 forest villages originally identified with about 2.5 lakh tribal families with a view to:
- Raise the Human Development Index (HDI) of the inhabitants of the Forest Villages
- provide basic facilities and services like food, safe drinking water, health care, primary education, approach roads, other infrastructural facilities etc.
- During the 10th Five Year Plan, Rs. 450 crore was allocated to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the development of forest villages under Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan (SCA to TSP).
Presently there are 2,474 forest villages/ habitations (reduced from the original 2,690) spread over 12 States (reduced from the original 13 States). As per the latest information available in the Ministry of Environment and Forests on forest villages / habitations based on reports received from States, details are as under:-
|S. No.||Name of the State||No. of forest villages/habitations|
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has approved proposals covering 2423 forest villages in 12 States and also released Rs.65379.04 lakh (upto 2011-12). No funds were released in 2012-13.
Under the programme, infrastructure work relating to basic services and facilities viz. approach roads, healthcare, primary education, minor irrigation, rainwater harvesting, drinking water, sanitation, community halls, etc. and activities related to livelihood are taken up for implementation
Process of approval
The project proposals received from the States for the activities to be undertaken in the villages are scrutinized by the Ministry of Environment & Forests and put up for the consideration of the Project Appraisal Committee constituted for the purpose. Joint Secretary in the MTA acts as the chairperson of the Committee in the normal course. As per recommendation of Project Appraisal Committee, the proposals are approved and funds released after getting the financial concurrence.
- Forest Development Agency (FDA) - forest division level
- Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) - village level, composed of all willing adult members of the village
- The funding is done under the programme of ‘Special Central Assistance to the Tribal Sub-Plan’ Fund flows from Ministry of Tribal Affairs to Department of Tribal Welfare/ Tribal Development of the States and then to the implementing agencies.
- Since forest villages are most backward and are located in forest areas, they have not got benefits of development over the years. To enable these settlements/forest villages to get the fruits of development, to begin with 100% financial assistance is provided under this special Programme. As a first step, funding of proposals for each forest village has been generally given for Rs.15 lakh each. Additional funding of Rs 15 lakh per village has been initiated in the second phase during 2006-07.
Year-wise release of the funds so far is as under:
|Year||Release (Rs. in crore*)
Teams comprising of Director/ Dy. Secretary/ Under Secretary level officers of the Ministry had been deputed to various States to get a first hand information on the progress of the activities undertaken in the forest villages for which funds were released by the Ministry. The reports received from the teams has been very encouraging and based on the same and other factors, extension of the programme was done so that sufficient developmental activities could take place in these villages, which were comparatively backward.
The prime objective of public cooperation is to enhance the reach of welfare schemes of Government and fill the gaps in service deficient tribal areas in sectors such as education, health, sanitation, drinking water, agro-horticultural productivity, social security, etc., through the efforts of Voluntary Organizations (VOs) and Non – Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and to provide an environment for socio economic upliftment and overall development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs). Any other innovative activity having direct impact on the socio economic development or livelihood generation of STs may also be taken up through partnership with VOs/NGOs. While the ultimate objective is delivery of services to remote and unreached tribal areas, the standard of services provided is equally important. Each partner VO/NGO is, therefore, expected to strive towards delivery of quality services
Scheme of Coaching for Scheduled Tribes
The Scheme was started during 4th Plan period. The last revision took place in the year 1998-99 in the scheme.
Objective of the scheme
- The scheduled tribes coming from deprived families and disadvantaged environment find it difficult to compete with those coming from a socially and economically advantageous background. To promote a
- More level playing field, and give ST candidates a better chance to succeed in competitive examinations, the Ministry ofTribal Affairs supports a scheme for coaching for disadvantaged ST candidates in quality
- Coaching institutions to enable them to appear in competitive examinations and succeed in obtaining an appropriate job in the public/private sector.
Implementation of the scheme and Courses to be covered
Pre-Examination Coaching Centres (PECs) run by State Governments/Universities/Registered Private Institutions shall be covered under the scheme. However the State Government/Union Administration shall make efforts to shift focus from Government run institutions to quality private coaching institutions.
There shall be no restriction on a coaching institution, located in a particular State/UT, on the admission of ST students belonging to other States/UTs.
Financial assistance will be given for only the eligible ST candidates who undergo coaching.
The courses for which the coaching will be imparted shall be as follows:
- Civil Services Examination/State Civil Services Examination.
- Entrance Exams for Medical, Engineering, MBA and other professional courses.
- Other exams conducted by U.P.S.C. like CDS, NDA, etc./Staff Selection
- Commission Exams/Subordinated/Lower Subordinate Services Exam, Central Excise, etc.
- BSRBs/RRBs, General Insurance Corporation, etc.
For the purpose of implementation, the Ministry will publish an advertisement in the month of November during 2007-08 and in the month of April from 2008-09 onwards, in the leading national dailies to invite applications from the new coaching institutions.
If any Coaching Institution runs coaching at different centres in different districts/cities, separate proposal (s) shall be submitted for each district/city.
The proposals will be examined by the Committee asprescribed in para VI and the institution will be given an opportunity to present their case before the Committee.
The coaching institutions will be selected for a period of 5 years.
The coaching institution once selected by the Ministry, will not have to apply afresh in response to the advertisement as prescribed in para II (iv) above during the project period unless they are asked to do so.
The coaching institutions shall have to submit the proposals within the prescribed financial norms in the prescribed Application Form.
The total number of students including non ST students shall not exceed 40 per class, admission being based on merit. The total number of ST students admitted shall preferably contain 30% women ST candidates and 5% disabled ST candidates.
In case number of applications received by a coaching institution is more than the available seats, a selection procedure based on merit-cum-performance in qualifying exams, shall be adopted.
Within one week of start of coaching classes, the institute shall furnish the course-wise names of the candidates with photographs enrolled for coaching along with other details and full address in the prescribed format.
Eligibility of the Coaching Institution
- The Pre-Examination Coaching Centres (PECs) run by State Governments, Union Territories, universities and registered private institutions shall be covered under the scheme, for coaching of ST candidates.
- The institution should have the experience to run coaching for competitive examinations for at least three years. Its past performance vis-à-vis intake and success rates will be taken into consideration in selection.
- The institution should have not been declared bankrupt at any point of time.
- The institution should have not been blacklisted by any debarment or body of the Government at any point of time.
- The institution should have the capacity to manage the building/space to run coaching classes from its own resources.
Eligibility of the Candidates
- Any candidate having the eligible qualifications for that particular competitive exam can apply to the coaching institutions financially assisted by this Ministry. The institutions will have to take these candidates on first come first serve basis till all the seats are filled.
- Candidates can avail coaching once only under the scheme for a particular competitive exam and a maximum of two coaching courses in all. The candidate will have to furnish an undertaking to the institution that he is not availing/has not availed more than one such coaching with the assistance of this Ministry in any institution earlier.
For More Information : Scheme of Coaching for Scheduled Tribes (191KB)
Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organizations working for welfare of STs
The prime objective of the scheme is to enhance the reach of welfare schemes of Government and fill the gaps in service deficient tribal areas, in the sectors such as education, health, drinking water, agro-horticultural productivity, social security etc. through the efforts of voluntary organizations, and to provide an environment for socio- economic upliftment and overall development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs). Any other innovative activity having direct impact on the socio-economic development or livelihood generation of STs may also be considered through voluntary efforts.
Scope and Eligibility
Organizations eligible for assistance shall be as follows:-
- Any registered voluntary organization (VO) / non-governmental organization (NGO) engaged in the conduct and promotion of social welfare of STs. The organization should have been registered for at least three years.
- Institutions or organizations set up by Government as autonomous bodies either under a statute or as a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- A Public Trust registered under any law for the time being in force. The trust must have been registered for at least three years.
In addition to the above eligibility conditions, the following criteria would be kept in view while selecting the VOs/NGOs:
- Experience of at least three years in the relevant field.
- Aptitude and experience in welfare work pertaining to weaker sections.
- The location of the project proposed by the organization in service deficient tribal areas. Preference will be given to programmes that benefit the Primitive Tribal Groups or naxal affected aareas/remote/interior/backward areas notserviced by Government Institutions or other established NGOs.
- Financial viability of the organization to contribute its share, and ability to continue the work for limited periods in absence of assistance from the Ministry.
- Good reputation and credentials.
- Capability to mobilize community.
- Networking with other institutions for optimum utilization of resources allocated and assets created
For more Information: Scheme of Grant in Aid to Voluntary Organizations working for welfare of STs (306KB)
Scheme of Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs)
Primitive Tribal Groups
Among scheduled tribes, there are certain tribal communities who have declining or stagnant population, low level of literacy, pre-agricultural level of technology and are economically backward. 75 such groups in 17 States and 1 Union Territory have been identified and categorized as Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs). States/UT-wise list of PTGs is at Annexure. Most of these groups are small in number, have not attained any significant level of social and economic progress and generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support. Therefore, they become the most vulnerable sections among the scheduled tribes and priority is required to be accorded for their protection, checking the declining trend of their population and their development. Such an approach may also strengthen the few MADA a nd such micro-projects in operation in our country.
Since PTGs constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and inhabit isolated, remote and difficult areas in small and scattered hamlets/habitats, the scheme aims at planning their socio-economic development in a holistic manner by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, so that the quality of life of PTGs is improved and a visible impact is made.
The scheme will cover only the 75 identified Primitive Tribal Groups. The scheme is extremely flexible because it enables every State to focus on areas that they consider is relevant to their PTGs and their socio-cultural environment. Activities under it may include housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, cattle development, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, social security including Janshree Beema Yojana or any other innovative activity meant for the socio-economic development approach for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PTGs, more particularly for the PTGs who are nomadic in nature. Whether efforts should be made to bring nomadic PTGs to the settled mode of life, will be carefully addressed. The funds under this scheme would be made available only for those items/activities which are very crucial for the survival, protection and development of PTGs and are not specifically catered to by any other scheme of State or Central Government or by guidelines governing the utilization of funds under Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan and Article 275(1) of the Constitution. The general principle of convergence of funds and functionaries will apply.
For More Information: Development of PTG Scheme (124KB)
Schemes of strengthening education among Scheduled Tribes Girls in a low literacy Districts
The scheme aims to bridge the gap in literacy levels between the general female population and tribal women, through facilitating 100% enrolment of tribal girls in the identified Districts or Blocks, more particularly in naxal affected areas and in areas inhabited by Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs), and reducing drop-outs at the elementary level by creating the required ambience for education. Improvement of the literacy rate of tribal girls is essential to enable them to participate effectively in and benefit from, socio-economic development.
- The scheme will be implemented in 54 identified Districts (Appendix-I) where the ST population is 25% or more, and ST female literacy rate below 35%, or its fractions, as per 2001census.
- Any other tribal block in a district, other than aforesaid 54 identified districts, which has scheduled tribe population 25% or above, and tribal female literacy rate below 35% or its fractions, as per 2001 census, shall also be covered (Appendix-II, Blocks intimated by West Bengal and Karnataka so far. Such Blocks fulfilling the criteria in other States may also be considered as and when reported).
- In addition, the scheme will also cover areas below a Block level (e.g. Gram Panchayats) inhabited by the notified Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) (Appendix-III).
- Out of all the aforesaid areas, the naxal affected areas shall be given priority
The scheme will be implemented through Voluntary Organizations (VOs)/Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and autonomous society/institutions of State Government/Union Territory Administration.
The existing multidisciplinary “State Committee for Supporting Voluntary Efforts” (SCSVE) constituted by various States/Union Territories will be responsible for identification and scrutiny of the projects of Non-Governmental Organizations under this scheme also. No.22040/10/2006/NGO/Education Government of India Ministry of Tribal Affairs
ELIGIBILITY OF THE ORGANIZATIONS
- Organizations including autonomous society/institutions of State Government/UnionTerritory Administration shall maintain women project staff for the projects run under this scheme.
- Voluntary Organization (VO)/Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) have to fulfill the following requirements (through certificates from the District or Panchayati Raj administration):
- Registered for at least three years for the conduct and promotion of social welfare of scheduled tribes.
- Experience of at least three years in successfully running and maintaining hostels and/or educational complexes.
- Financial viability to continue the work for limited periods in the case of delay or absence of assistance from the Ministry.
- Good reputation and credentials, especially for guaranteeing the security and safety of the hostellers.
- Networking with other institutions including Panchayati Raj for optimum utilization of resources allocated and assets created
For More Information:
Vocational Training Centres in Tribal Areas
Scheduled Tribes are the most marginalized section of the society, therefore to assist their socio-economic development, there is an imperative need to provide more employment avenues and income generation opportunities. It is aimed at upgrading the skills of the tribal youths in various traditional/ modern vocations depending upon their educational qualification, present economic trends and the market potential, which would enable them to gain suitable employment or enable them to become self-employed.
SCOPE AND ELIGIBILITY
Under the scheme of Vocational Training, grants will be available for organizing vocational trainings in recognized institutes or in Vocational Training Centres (VTCs) subject to terms and conditions revised from time to time of the scheme.
The agencies eligible for such grants are:
- State Governments and UT Administrations;
- Institutions or Organisations set up by Government as autonomous bodies, either under a statue, or as a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860;
- Educational and other institutions of the likes of local bodies and cooperative bodies.
- A Public Trust registered under any law for the time being in force. The trust must have been registered for at least three years.
- Any Private Recognized Institution, registered and conducting such vocational courses for at least three years.
- Any industry or an association of industries like ASSOCHAM, CII, FICCI, etc. who are willing to run such skill upgradation training centres as per the financial norms of the scheme with a proper plan for placements.
Voluntary Organization (VO)/Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) which fulfill the following requirements:
- Any registered voluntary organization/non-governmental organization engaged in the conduct and promotion of social welfare of STs. The organization should have been registered for at least three years.
- Experience of at least three years in the relevant field.
- Aptitude and experience in welfare work pertaining to weaker sections.
- Preference will be given to programmes that benefit the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs) or remote/interior/ backward areas not serviced by Government Institutions or other established NGOs.
- Financial viability of the organization and ability to continue the work for limited periods in absence of assistance from the Ministry.
- Good reputation and credentials.
- Capability to mobilize community.
- Networking with other institutions for optimum utilization of resources allocated and assets created.
For More Information: Vocational Training Centres in Tribal Areas (403KB)
Source: Ministry of Tribal Affairs