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Senior Citizens - status in India

This topic covers Information related to Senior Citizens - status in India

Who is called a Senior citizen?

According to the law, a "senior citizen" means any person being a citizen of India, who has attained the age of sixty years or above.

Status in India

  • According to Population Census 2011 there are nearly 104 million elderly persons (aged 60 years or above) in India; 53 million females and 51 million males. A report released by the United Nations Population Fund and HelpAge India suggests that the number of elderly persons is expected to grow to 173 million by 2026.
  • Both the share and size of elderly population is increasing over time. From 5.6% in 1961 the proportion has increased to 8.6% in 20 11 . For males it was marginally lower at 8.2%, while for females it was 9.0%.
  • As regards rural and urban areas, 71% of elderly population resides in rural areas while 29 % is in urban areas.
  • The life expectancy at birth during 2009-13 was 69.3 for females as against 65.8 years for males. At the age of 60 years average remaining length of life was found to be about 18 years (16.9 for males and 19.0 for females) and that at age 70 was less than 12 years (10.9 for males and 12.3 for females). Kerala has got the highest life expectancy at birth, followed by Maharashtra and Punjab. The life expectancy at birth in Kerala is 71.8 years and 77.8 years for males and females respectively as per the SRS Report 2009 - 13.
  • For 2013, the age specific death rate per 1000 population for the age group 60 - 64 years was 19.7 for rural areas and 15.0 for urban areas. Altogether it was 18.4 for the age group 60 - 64 years. As regards, sex - wise, it was 20.7 for males and 16.1 for females.
  • The old - age dependency ratio climbed from 10.9% in 1961 to 14.2% in 2011 for India as a whole. For females and males , the value of the ratio was 14.9 % and 13.6% in 2011.
  • In rural areas , 66% of elderly men and 28% of elderly women were working, while in urban areas only 46% of elderly men and about 11% of elderly women were working.
  • The percent of literates among elderly persons increased from 27% in 1991 to 44% in 2011.The literacy rates among elderly females (28%) is less than half of the literacy rate among elderly males (59%).
  • Prevalence of heart diseases among elderly population was much higher in urban areas than in rural parts.
  • Most common disability among the aged persons was locomotor disability and visual disability as per Census 2011.
  • In the age - group of 60 - 64 years, 76% persons were married while 22% were widowed. Remaining 2% were either never married or divorced.
  • State - wise data on elderly population divulge that Kerala has maximum proportion of elderly people in its population (12.6 per cent) followed by Goa (11.2 per cent) and Tamil Nadu (10.4 per cent) as per Population Census 2011. he least proportion is in Dadra & Nagar Haveli (4.0 per cent) followed by Arunachal Pradesh (4.6 per cent) and Daman & Diu and Meghalaya (both 4.7 per cent).

Source : Elderly in India 2016

Administrative set-up

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, as the name suggests, is to ensure equitable treatment to such sections of society which has suffered social inequalities, exploitation, discrimination and injustice. The Social Defence Division of the Ministry mainly caters to the requirements of Senior Citizens, besides victims of alcoholism and substance abuse, Transgender Persons and Beggars / Destitute.

The Ministry develops and implements Acts, Policies and Programmes for welfare of Senior Citizens in collaboration with State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations to ensure that Senior Citizens may lead a secured, dignified and productive life.

Source : Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

Related resources

  1. Long-term Care of Older Persons in India
V.Devachary, Retired Employee, Warangal, Telanagana state Oct 05, 2017 09:13 AM

I am retired state govt, employee getting monthly pension. The govt is paying the lively hood for an employee for the services rendered to Government maximum in his life period i.e., earning capacity in his life time. The Government is forcing all the pensioners to pay income tax. The pension payment being paid by the Government is to cater the need of the lively hood of future old age period. How can it be treated as income. Moreover the salaries of the Member of parliament,and members of Assembly has been increased enormously for the working period of five years and they are eligible to get pension for his life long for which there is no income tax, whereas a Govt employee has to work for 36 years, then only he is eligible for pension and he has to pay income tax.
I request the authorities concerned to look into the matter sympathetically and wave off the payment of the income tax from the Govt pensioners.

Ms.Sukhwinder Kaur Aug 08, 2017 09:29 PM

I feel we have copied lots of things from western part if the world. Why don't we introduce EVEN the same benefits for the senior citizens of India. Senior citizens have their lives peaceful because of their respective government schemes, they have lot of faith that whether their children looks after them or not, at least they have government to look after their basic needs. A humble request to the Indian government to look into this matter seriously. I feel instead of donating more EU at various temples we donate it to the old age homes.

K.S .Jaya simha bhradwaj Jul 29, 2017 10:29 AM

I am 67 yrs.Retd from PSU. (Beml). I am getting a pension of Rs 1559 per month. I have fixed deposit at Canara bank for Rs 20,00000/-.I am getting interest of Rs. 11,900/- . My total income is Rs 13,459/- I have to pay rent of Rs.6000.I am left with Rs 7459/-. My family is one son and one daughter and my wife .I can not wag my tile with only Rs7459. This govt. Is cordoned in all respects pl suggests me what I have to do



Gopal Kamath May 04, 2017 12:34 PM

I Suggest that Sr Citizen interest rate should not be touched, Senior citizen limit of Rs 15 Lac to be increased to 20 lacs with higher interest, and lock in period to increase to 10 years with an option to increase by another 5 years online with PPF, This will not impact the economy, This will certainly help the people less than Neo Middle Class and will pull in all the saving in SCSS. Also Varistha Pension Bima Yojana limits to be increased to Rs 10 Lac per retired person. Condition can be put the amount saved in both the above should be from the amount received by way of superannuation-- i.e Superannuation/PF/PPF and other settlements from the company.
This will help the common man in non govt service to make a decent living

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