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Integrated Child Development scheme

This topic provides information about ICDS and its various components.

The Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme providing for supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school education to the children is a popular flagship programme of the government. Launched in 1975, it is one of the world’s largest programmes providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and union territories. The scheme is universal covering all the districts of the country.

The Scheme has been renamed as Anganwadi Services.

Objectives

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
  • To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout;
  • To achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
  • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.

Beneficiaries

  • Children in the age group of 0-6 years
  • Pregnant women and
  • Lactating mothers

Services under ICDS

The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz.

  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Pre-school non-formal education
  • Nutrition & health education
  • Immunization
  • Health check-up and
  • Referral services

Three of the six services viz. immunization, health check-up and referral services are related to health and are provided through National Health Mission and Public Health Infrastructure. The services are offered at Anganwadi Centres through Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) and Anganwadi Helpers (AWHS) at grassroots level.

The delivery of services to the beneficiaries is as follows:

Services

Target Group

Service provided by

(i) Supplementary Nutrition Children below 6 years,
Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)
Anganwadi Worker and Anganwadi Helper
(Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD))

 

(ii) Immunization* Children below 6 years,
Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)
ANM /MO
Health system, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW)
iii) Health Check-up* Children below 6 years,
Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)
ANM/MO/AWW
(Health system, MHFW)

 

(iv) Referral Services Children below 6 years,
Pregnant & Lactating Mothers (P&LM)
AWW/ANM/MO
(Health system, MoHFW)
v) Pre-School Education Children 3-6 years AWW
(MWCD)
(vi) Nutrition & Health Education Women (15-45 years) AWW/ANM/MO
(Health system, MoHFW & MWCD)

* AWW assists ANM in identifying the target group.

Funding pattern

  • All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financed through a 60:40 ratio (central : state). The Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) component was funded through a 50:50 ratio. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.
  • Under SNP, beneficiaries are given hot meals along with take-home rations. For children, the quantum of rations and meals received depends on their malnutrition levels. SNP is provided for 300 days at the rate of Rs 8 per day for children and Rs 9.50 per day for pregnant and lactating mothers. Severely malnourished children are allocated Rs 12 per day. Adolescent Girls (11-14 years out of school) are allocated Rs 9.50 per day.
  • All AWCs are also given the following
    • Medicine Kit - AWCs - Rs 1,500/- per annum, Mini-AWC - Rs 750/- per annum.
    • Pre-School Kit/ ECCE (including Training)- Rs 5,000/- per AWC/Mini-AWC per annum (including the cost of PSE Kit, Activity Book, etc.)
    • Administrative Expenses - AWCs - Rs 2,000/- per annum; Mini-AWCs - Rs 1,000/- per annum
    • IEC - AWCs Rs 1,000/- per annum
    • Rent (per month) - AWCs/Mini-AWCs - Rural/Tribal - Rs 1,000, Urban - Rs 4,000, Metropolitan - Rs 6,000
    • Maintenance of building (for Government owned AWC buildinqs onlv) - AWCs/Mini-AWCs - Rs 3,000/- per annum.
    • Monitoring &Evaluation - AWCs/Mini-AWCs - Rs 1,500/- per annum.
    • Equipment/Furniture(once in 5 years) - AWCs - Rs 10,000/-, Mini-AWCs - Rs 7,000/- to cover the cost of water filter for serving safe cleanwater, furniture, equipments, etc.
    • Flexi Fund - Rs 1,000/- per annum for disaster and naxal affected AWCs.
  • For AWWs and AWHs
    • The AWWs and AWHs are paid fixed honorarium per month as decided by the Government from time to time.  With effect from October, 2018, the AWWs and AWHs are paid honoraria of Rs.4,500/- per month and Rs.2250/- per month.  Workers of Mini-Anganwadi Centres are being paid honoraria of Rs.3500/- . In addition, monthly performance linked incentive of Rs.250/- is also being paid to Anganwadi Helpers for facilitating proper functioning of Anganwadi Centres (AWCs). Apart from these, additional amount of honoraria is also paid by most of the State Governments /UT Administrations from their own resources.
    • AWWs and AWHs are provided a uniform (saris) in kind or cash (an honorarium of Rs 400) every year.

Population Norms for Setting up of AWCs/Mini-AWCs

  • There will be 1 Anganwadi centre (AWC) for population of 400-800; 2 AWCs for 800-1600; 3 AWCs for 1600-2400 and thereafter in multiples of 800 -1 AWC.
  • The norms for one AWC for Tribal/Riverine/Desert, Hilly and other difficult areas will be 300-800
  • Norms for one Mini AWC will be 150-400.
  • Norms for Anganwadi on Demand (AOD) - Where a settlement has at least 40 children under 6 years of age but no AWC

ICDS Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP)

The overall goal of the project is to improve nutritional and early childhood development outcomes of children in India. Key objectives of Phase 1 are to support the GoI and the selected States to

  • strengthen the ICDS policy framework, systems and capacities, and facilitate community engagement, to ensure greater focus on children under three years of age in the project districts; and
  • strengthen convergent actions for improved nutrition outcomes in the stipulated districts.

The project will be implemented in identified 162 districts having higher proportion of child under - nutrition across eight States, viz. Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh . Besides, urban pilots will be undertaken in and around NCR of Delhi and convergent nutrition actions pilots in some selected districts in two non - project States viz., Odisha and Uttarakhand. To get the list of districts, click here.

Source : ICDS, Ministry of Women and Child development

Related resources

  1. ICDS website
  2. ISSNIP website
  3. Locate your Anganwadi centre
3.09361702128
Sukumar Kandar Aug 27, 2019 07:29 AM

There is no Anganwari Center in the village Purbanukha under Sri rampur Gram Pamchayet of Purba Medinipur District. How it can be opened ?

Sanjay Nimse Aug 23, 2019 03:40 PM

We have Army Pre Primary School in Pune Khadki. We wish to Register school through ICDS. Please tell us what is procedure for the same.

Bharat Singh Rawat Aug 07, 2019 05:04 PM

I want to know that What quantum of rations and meals is provided by the Govt. for a pregnant woman for a month or if money than what is the amount of a month.If ration then I want to know the quantity of every item for a month.

pranjesh bagde Jul 12, 2019 01:50 PM

Please let me know what take home rations are give to kids of age 5.

Rishikesh tiwari Jul 03, 2019 05:40 PM

For how many years or month of child has been provided by ration food in anganwadi

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