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World Cotton Day

The World Cotton day is celebrated on 7 October as a global celebration of cotton and its stakeholders, from field to fabric and beyond.

Objectives

World Cotton Day will celebrate the many advantages of cotton, from its qualities as a natural fibre, to the benefits people obtain from its production, transformation, trade and consumption.

World Cotton Day 2019

At the initiative of the Cotton-4 (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali), the World Trade Organisation made the launch of World Cotton Day on 7 October 2019. The event is organised in collaboration with the Secretariats of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Trade Centre (ITC) and the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC). This event stems from the Cotton-4's official application for the recognition of a World Cotton Day by the United Nations General Assembly, reflecting the importance of cotton as a global commodity.

The annual event aims to

  • Give exposure and recognition to cotton and all its stakeholders in production, transformation and trade.
  • Engage donors and beneficiaries and strengthen development assistance for cotton.
  • Seek new collaborations with the private sector and investors for the cotton-related industries and production in developing countries.
  • Promote technological advances, as well as further research and development on cotton.

Facts about cotton

  • Compared to synthetic alternatives, cotton is renewable and bio-degradable and hence is the most sustainable raw material for the textile industry
  • Contrary to popular belief, cotton is not a thirsty crop. It's a xerophyte, so it thrives in dry, arid conditions where other crops can't grow.
  • Cotton occupies a mere 3% of the world's agricultural area - yet it meets 27% of the world's textile needs.
  • Cotton is a tough, hardy, flexible plant that is indeterminate in nature and can be grown all year long even in harsh conditions.
  • The majority of consumers say cotton is the best fabric for active wear, and more than 2 out of 3 say that 100% cotton sheets offer the best night’s sleep.
  • Cotton is used to make a lot more than comfortable fabric! A ton of cottonseed produces about 320 pounds of oil – which can be used for cooking, cosmetics and soap, among other things – while cottonseed meal and cake can be used as animal feed and fertiliser.
  • Although about 80 percent of the world’s production comes from Brazil, China, India, Pakistan, the United States and Uzbekistan, cotton is grown in more than 100 countries – and it provides an income to hundreds of millions of people around the world every year.
  • A single tonne of cotton provides year-round employment for 5 or 6 people, often in some of the most impoverished places on earth.
  • Cotton-based filaments are appealing to 3D printers because they Conduct heat well, Get stronger when they're wet and Are more scalable than materials like wood pulp.

Source : World Trade Organization (WTO)

Related resources

  1. Cotton at a glance
  2. Truth about Cotton


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