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Pearl Millet Pests

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Shoot fly: Atherigona soccata Rondani (Diptera: Muscidae)
  • Grasshopper: Hieroglyphu ssp (Orthoptera: Acrididae)
  • White ant: Chrotogonu sp (Isoptera: Termitidae)
  • Grey weevil: Mylloceru sp (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Stem borer: Chilo partellus Swinhoe (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Earhead bug: Calocoris angustatus (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Hairy caterpillar: Spilosoma oblique Walker(Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
  • Earhead worm: Cryptoblabes gnidiella Milliere (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Blister beetle: Mylabris pustulata Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Meloidae)
  • Chaffer beetle: Rhizotrogus majalis Razoumowsky (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae)

Diseases

  • Ergot: Claviceps fusiformis Loveless
  • Smut: Moesziomyces parepenicillariae (Bref.) Vanky
  • Rust: Puccinia substriata Ell. & Barth. var. indica Ramachar & Cumm.
  • Blast: Pyricularia grisea Sacc. (Hebert) Barr

Weeds

Broad leaf
  • Cock's comb: Celosia argentea L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L.( Portulacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensisForssk (Amaranthaceae)
  • Horsepurslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L.(Aizoaceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis (Hook. F.) (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus L. Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
Grasses
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium Willd (Poaceae)
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica L. Gaertner (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli L. Scop (Poaceae)
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis L. Scop (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Parasitic
  • Witch weed: Striga asiatica L. Kuntze (Orobanchaceae)

Nematode

  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis (Tylenchida: Hoplolaimidae)

Vertebrates

  • Rodent
  • Birds

IPM for Pearl Millet

To know the IPM practices for Pearl Millet, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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