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Arecanut Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Spindle bug: Carvalhoia/ arecae Miller & China (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Inflorescence caterpillar: Tirathaba mundella Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Pentatomid bug: Halyomorpha marmorea (Fab.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
  • Root grub: Leucopholis burmeisteri Brenske), Leucopholis lepidophora Blanch (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae)
  • White mite/sorghum mite: Oligonychus indicus Hirst (Acarina: Tetranychidae)
  • Red mite/palm mite: Raoiella indica Hirst (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae)

Diseases

  • Koleroga or mahali or fruit rot: Phytophthora meadii McRae
  • Inflorescence die back: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz.
  • Anabe roga or basal stem rot or foot rot: Ganoderma lucidum (Leys) Karst
  • Bud rot or crown rot: Phytophthora meadii McRae
  • Yellow leaf disease: Phytoplasma disease transmitted by the plant hopper, Proutista moesta (Hemiptera: Derbidae)
Nematode
  • Burrowing nematode: Radopholus similis (Cobb) Thorne
Rodents
  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis (Gray) (throughout India)
  • Palm rat/house rat: Rattus rattus (Linnaeus) (throughout India)

Weeds

Grasses
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Congo grass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. (Poaceae)
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner. (Poaceae)
Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L. (Fabaceae)
  • Crofton weed: Eupatorium odoratum L. syn Chromolaena odorata L. R.M. king & H. Rob (Asteraceae)
  • Mile a minute: Mickania micrantha H.B.K. (Asteraceae)
  • Sensative plants: Mimosa pudica L. (Fabaceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests
  • Scale insects: res scale: Aonidiella orientalis Newstead; mussel scale: Ischnaspis longinostris (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Stem weevil: Diocalandra stigmaticollis Gyll. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Storage pests
  • Arecanut beetle: Caccotrypes carpophagus Horn (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)
  • Coffee bean weevil: Araecerus fasciculatus D. (Coleoptera: Anthribidae)
  • Cigarette beetle: Lasioderma serricorne (F.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae)
  • Rice moth: Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton) (Lepidoptera: Galleriidae)
Diseases
  • Collar rot of seedlingsFusarium spp., Rhizoctonia spp.
  • Stem bleeding: Thielaviopsis paradoxa Von. Hon.
Diseases in storage
  • Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, A. flavus Link., A. chivalieri
  • Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat
  • Rhizopus sp.
Weeds Broad leaf
  • Ragweed: Ambrosia psilostachya DC. (Asteraceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae) Sedges
  • Yellow nutsedge: Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus difformis L. (Cyperaceae)

IPM for Arecanut

To know the IPM practices for Arecanut, click here.

Source: NIPHM, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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