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Betelivine Pests

Pests of National Significance in Sunflower

Insect Pests

  • Scale insect: Lepidosaphes ulmi L. (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Betelvine bug: Disphinctus politus Walk. (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata Cockerell (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Whitefly: Dialeurodes pallida Singh (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Red spider mites: Tetranychus Dufour (Arachnida: Tetranychidae)

Diseases

  • Leaf stem and foot rot: Phytophthora spp.
  • Leaf spot or anthracanose: Colletotrichum capsici (Syd.) E.J. Butler & Bisby
  • Sclerotial wilt or collar rots: Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.
  • Powdery mildew: Oidium piperis Uppal, Kamat & Patel
  • Bacterial leaf spot: Xanthomonas campestris Dowson Nematodes

Nematodes:

  • Root-knot nematodes: Meloidogyne incognita Kofoid & White (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)
  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira (Tylenchida: Hoplolaimidae)

Weeds

Broad leaf

  • Yellow sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Creeping Thistle: Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop (Asteraceae)
  • Batthal: Launea nudicaulis (L.) Hook.f. (Asteraceae)
  • Joyweed: Alternenthera sessiles (L.) R.Br. ex DC. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. (Oxalidaceae)
  • Punarnava: Boerhavia diffusa L. (Nyctaginaceae)
  • Common puruselene: Portulaee oleraceae L. (Portulacaceae)
  • Common sorrel: Rumex dentatus L. (Polygonaceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrurn L. (Aizoaceae) Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon L. (Poaceae)
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae) Sedges
  • Nut grass: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Rodents

  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis Gray
  • Black rat: Rattus rattus L.

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect Pests

  • Black fly: Aleurocanthus woglumi Singh (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Thrips: Thrips tabaci L. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)—West Bengal
  • Aphids: Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae)-West Bengal
  • Yellow mite: Hetnyersonemus lotus -West Bengal

Diseases

  • Fusarium wilt: Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc- West Bengal

Nematodes

  • Stunt nematodes: Tylenchorhynchus sp- Bihar

IPM for Betelivine

To know the IPM practices for Betelivine, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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