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Coffee Pests

Pests of Major Significance

Insect pests

  • White coffee stem borer: Xylotrechus quadripes (Chevrolat) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
  • Coffee berry borer: Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Coffee root mealybug: Planococcus citri Risso & P. lilacinus Cockerell (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Shot hole borer: Xylosandrus compactus Eichhoff (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Brown scale: Saissetia coffeae Walker (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • Green scale: Coccus viridis Green (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • Cock chafers or white grubs: Holotrichia spp. (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae)
  • Hairy caterpillars: Eupterote spp. (Lepidoptera: Eupterotidae)
  • Coffee bean beetle: Araecerus fasciculatus (De. Geer) (Coleoptera: Anthribidae)
  • Red coffee borer: Zeuzera coffeae Nietner (Lepidoptera: Cossidae)

Diseases

  • Coffee leaf rust: Hemileia vastatrix (Berk.)
  • Black rot or koleroga: Corticium salmonicolor Berk. & Broome

Root diseases

  • Brown root disease: Fomes noxius Corner
  • Red root disease: Poria hypolateritia Berk.
  • Sandavery root disease: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. coffeae
  • Coffee trunk canker: Ceratocystis fimbriata (Ell. & Halst)
  • Berry blotch: Cercospora coffeicola (Cooke) Stev. & Wellman
  • Brown eye spot disease: Mycosphaerella coffeicola (Cooke) Stev. & Wellman
  • Coffee berry disease: Colletotrichum kahawae Waller & Bridge
  • Coffee wilt disease: Fusarium xylarioides Steyaert
  • Coffee bark disease: Fusarium stilboides Wollenw
  • Damping off/Collar rot: Pellicularia filamentosa (Pat.) Rogers, Rhizoctonia solani Kühn
  • Die back/ Anthracnose: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Mitchell.

Weeds

Broadleaf

  • Slender amaranth: Amaranthus viridis L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Climbing dayflower: Commelina diffusa L. (Commelinaceae)
  • Puncture vine: Tribulus terrestis L. (Zygophyllaceae)
  • Purslane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • Garden spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)

Grasses

  • Bermuda grass: Cynodonn dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Large crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis L. (Poaceae)
  • Purple top chloris: Chloris barbata Swartz (Poaceae)

Sedges

  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)

Nematodes

  • Lesion Nematode: Pratylenchus coffeae Goodey (Tylenchida: Pratylenchidae)
  • Root-knot Nematode: Meloidogyne incognita Kofoid & White (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)

Non insect pests

  • Mollusc: Giant coffee snail: Achatina fulica Férussac
  • Rodents and Bats.

IPM for Coffee

To know the IPM practices for Coffee, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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