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Sugarcane: Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

Borers
  • Early shoot borer: Chilo infuscatellus Snellen (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Pink borer: Sesamia inferens Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Top shoot borer: Scirpophaga excerptalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Root borer: Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Internode borer: Chilo sacchariphagus indicus (Kapur) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Stalk borer: Chilo auricilius Dudgeon (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
Sucking pests
  • White woolly aphid: Ceratovacuna lanigera Zehntner (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Black bug: Cavelerius sweeti Dist. (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae)
  • Whitefly: Aleurolobus barodensis Maskell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Pyrilla: Pyrilla perpusilla Walker (Hemiptera: Lophopidae)
  • Mealybug: Saccharicoccus sacchari Cockerell, (Hemiptera: Pseudococcoidae)
  • Mite: Oligonychus sacchari McGregor (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae)
Subterranean pest
  • Termites: Odontotermes spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae)

Diseases

  • Red rot: Colletotrichum falcatum Went
  • Wilt: Acremonium implicatum, (Gilman & Abbott) Gams, Fusarium moniliforme sub sp. Glotinans J. Sheld
  • Grassy shoot: Mycoplasma like organism (MLO)
  • Smut: Ustilago scitaminea (Syd.) M. Piepenbr., M. Stoll & Oberw
  • Scald: Xanthomonas albilineans Dowson
  • Red striped disease: Xanthomonas rubrilineans Dowson

Weeds

Major Kharif
Broad leaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridisHook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus(L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica(L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parvifl ora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Tropical spider wort: Commelina benghalensis L. (Commelinaceae)
  • False daisy: Eclipta alba L. (Asteraceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
Grasses
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli(L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon(L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Wild sugarcane: Saccharum spontaneum L. (Poaceae)
  • Johnson grass: Sorghum halapense (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Torpedo grass: Panicum repens L. (Poaceae)
  • Bluegrass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Chinese lovegrass: Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees. Ex Steud. Poaceae
  • Goosegrass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Rodent & Mammals

  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Soft furred field rat: Millardia meltada Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Jackal: Canis aureus L. (Carnivora: Canidae)

Nematodes

  • Lesion nematode: Pratylenchus coffeae Goodey
  • Lance nematode: Hoplolaimus indicus, Sher
  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira
  • Root knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp.

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Plassy borer: Chilo tumidicostalis Hampson (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Scale insect: Melanaspis glomerata Green (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • White grub: Holotrichia consanguinea Blanch. (Coleoptera: Scarabeidae)
  • Gurdaspur borer: Acigona steniellus Hampson (Lepidoptera:Crambidae)
  • Green borer: Raphimetopus ablutellus (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

Diseases

  • Pokkahboeng: Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon
  • Rust: Puccinia melanocephala H. & P. Syd.
  • Mosaic: Sugarcane mosaic virus
  • Yellow Leaf Disease: Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (SCYLV)

IPM for Sugarcane

To know the IPM practices for Sugarcane, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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