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Tobacco Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect Pests

  • Leaf eating caterpillar: Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci Genn (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Stem borer: Scrobipalpa heliopa Low. (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
  • Gram pod borer/bud worm/capsule borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hub. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Tobacco aphid: Myzus nicotianae Black (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Diseases

  • Damping off: Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp, Pythium myriotylum Drechsler
  • Frog eye leaf spot: Cercospora nicotianae Ellis & Everh.
  • Leaf bight: Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae Breda de Haa
  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum tabacum Boning
  • Rhizoctonia leaf spot/Sore shin: Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn
  • Black shank: Phytophthora parasitica var. nicotianae (Edison) Fitzp
  • Fusarium wilt: Fusarium oxysporum var. nicotianae Sherb.
  • Brown spot: Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl
  • Tobacco mosaic disease: Tobacco mosaic virus
  • Tobacco leaf curl disease: Tobacco leaf curl virus
  • Cucumber mosaic disease: Cucumber mosaic virus
  • Tobacco ring spot disease: Tobacco ring spot virus

Nematode

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp. (M. icongnita, M. arineria, M. javanica)

Weeds

Broad leaf
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
Grasses
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae)
  • Crab grass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Parasitic
  • Broomrape: Orobanche aegyptiaca L. (Orobanchaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Cut worm: Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • White grub: Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Rove beetle: Bledius gracillicornis (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)
  • Grass hoppers: Acrida exultata, Cyrtacanthacris tartarica, Atractomorpha crenulata (Orthoptera: Acrididae)
  • Cotton mealybug: Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

Diseases

  • Bacterial wilt: Ralstonia solanacearum Smith
  • Hollow stalk: Erwinia carotovora sub sp. carotovora Jones

IPM for Tobacco

To know the IPM practices for Tobacco, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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