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Apricot pests

Pests of National Significance in Apricot

Insect pests

  • Flat headed borers: Chrysobothris mali Horn (Coleoptera: Buprestide) &Capnodis tenebrionis Linne (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
  • Hairy caterpillar:Lymantria obfuscata Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)
  • Defoliating beetles: Adoretos sp. & Brahmina sp
  • Leaf curl plum aphid: Anuraphid helichyrysi Kaltenbach (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Brown apricot scale: Lecanium corni (Bouché) (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • San Jose-scale: Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comstock (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)

Diseases

  • Brown rot Blossom blight: Monilinia laxa (Aderh. &Ruhland) Honey
  • Frosty mildew: Cercosporella persica (Sacc.) Sacc
  • Powdery mildew: Sphaerotheca pannosa (Wallr.) Lév
  • Coryneum blight/shot hole: Stigmina corpophylla (Lév.) M.B. Ellis
  • Silver leaf and canker: Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar
  • White root rot: Dematophora necatrix Berl. exPrill
  • Whisker rot: Rhizopus stolonifer Ehrenb
  • Collar rot: Phytophthora spp & Pythium spp
  • Bacterial gummosis: Pseudomonas spp

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Tent caterpillar: Malacosoma indica Walker (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)
  • Leaf rollers: Archips argyrospilus & subsidiaria sp Walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Blue beetle: Heltica semipicens (Coleoptera:)
  • Ear wig: Forficula auricularia Linnaeus (Dermaptera: Forficulidae)
  • Codling moth: Cydia pomonella Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Peach twig borer/Apricot fruit borer: Anarsia lineatella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
  • Consperse sting bug: Euschistis conpersus (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
  • Coconut rhinoceros beetle: Oryctes rhinoceros Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Blossom thrips: Taeniothrips spp, Frankliniella dampfi Priesner (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Apricot chalcid: Eurytoma samsona vivarsiliev (Hymenoptera: Chalci)
  • Mealy plum aphid: Hyalopterous pruni Geoffroy (Homoptera: Aphididae)

Weeds

Broad leaf Weeds

  • Tropical spiderwort: Commelina benghalensis L. Commelinaceae
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae
  • Sowthistles: Sonchus spp. Asteraceae
  • Congress grass Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Musk rose: Rosa moschata Herrm. (Rosaceae)
  • Brambles: Rubus spp. (Rosaceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Common sorrel: Rumex dentatus L (Polygonaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L (Chenopodiaceae)

Grassy weeds

  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae
  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.Poaceae
  • Blanket grass: Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. Poaceae
  • Large crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis L. (Scop.) Poaceae
  • Knot grass: Paspalum conjugatum L. Poaceae

Sedges

  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L Cyperaceae

IPM for Apricot

To know the IPM practices for Apricot, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

 



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