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Ber Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Fruit fly: Carpomyia vesuviana Costa (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  • Fruit borer: Meridarchis scyrodes Meyr (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae)
  • Green slug caterpillar: Thosea sp. (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae)
  • Mite: Larvacarus transitans Ewing (Tetranychoidea: Tenuipalpidae)
  • Grey hairy caterpillar: Thiacidas postica Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Diseases

  • Fruit rot: Alternaria spp, Phoma spp., Colletotrichum spp., Trichothecium spp, Cladosporium spp.
  • Powdery mildew: Oidium erysiphoides f. sp. ziziphi Link
  • Sooty mould: Capnodium spp.
  • Leaf spot: Isariopsis clavispora Berk. & M.A. Curtis, Cercospora spp, Cladosporium spp Link

Weeds

Broad leaf

  • Tick weed: Cleome viscosa L. (Capparidaceae)
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L.( Asteraceae)
  • Congress grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Horse Purslane: Trainthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Yellow sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Sorrel: Reumex dentatus L. (Acanthaceae)
  • False amaranthus: Digera arvensis Forsk (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common cocklebur: Xanthium strumarium L (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Puncture Vine: Tribulus terrestris L (Zygophyllaceae)
  • Creeping thistle: Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Asteraceae)

Grassy weeds

  • Crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Poaceae
  • Yellow foxtail: Setaria glauca (L.) P. Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae
  • Torpedo grass: Panicum repens L. (Poaceae)
  • Crows foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae)

Sedge

  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae
  • Yellow nut sedge: Cyperus esculentus L. Cyperaceae

Birds

  • Rose ringed parakeet: Psittacula krameri Scopoli (Psittaciformes: Psittaculidae)

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Stone Weevil: Aubeus himalayanus Voss (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Bark eating caterpillar: Indarbela quadrinotata walker (Lepidoptera: Metarbedelidae)
  • Blue butterfly: Tarucus theophrastus (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  • Mite, Eriophyes cernus Mssee (Acari: Eriophyidae)
  • Leaf miner: Cameraria spp (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)
  • Grey weevil: Myllocerus undecimpustulatus Marshall Faust, M. dentifer (Fabricius), M. blandus Faust, Amblyrrhinus poricolli Schoenherr(Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Leaf eating caterpillar: Euproctis spp (Lepidoptera: Erebidae)
  • Lac insect: Kerria sp

Diseases

  • Die back: Phytophthora spp.
  • Black fruit spot: Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl.

IPM for Ber

To know the IPM practices for Ber, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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