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Citrus: Natural Enemies

Natural Enemies of Citrus Insect Pests

Parasitoids

Parasitoids_Citrus

Predators

Predators_Citrus

Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests

Natural enemies Attractant / Repellent / Trap Plants
Citrus aphid
Predators: Lacewings, hover flies, coccinellids, birds, earwigs, some ground beetles and rove beetles, and spiders Attractant plant: Carrot family, sunflower family, marigold, buckwheat, (syrphid, predatory mite, lacewing, minute pirate bug, samsel bug and ladybird beetle)
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. dill and mustard (Aphid parasite and Braconid wasp)
• Sunflower, buckwheat and cowpea (Braconid wasp)
Citrus black fly
Parasitoids: Encarsia formosa, Eretmocerus spp. (Pupal)
Predators: Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi, coccinellids, spiders
Attractant plant: French bean (Predatory thrips)
Citrus psylla
Parasitoids: Tamarixia radiata, Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis (nymphal and adult)
Predators: Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi, coccinellids, syrphids
Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family, buckwheat, alfalfa, (minute pirate bug, lacewing, syrphids)
Mealy bug
Predators: Parasitic wasps, hover flies, ladybugs or mealy bug destroyers (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri) Attractant plants: Coriander attracts wasps.
Citrus butterfly
Parasitoids:Trichogramma evanescens, Telenomus spp., (egg), Brachymeria sp (larval), Pterolus sp. (pupal) Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family, buckwheat, alfalfa, shrubs (Lace wing)
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. dill, mustard, sunflower, buckwheat and cowpea (Braconid wasp)

IPM for Citrus

To know the IPM practices for Citrus, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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