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Custard Apple Pests

Pests of national significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata Cockerell (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Fruit fly: Bactrocera spp, B. zonata Saunders (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  • Scales: Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • Fruit boring caterpillar: Heterographis bengalella Ragonot (Syn: Anonaepestis bengalella) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Diseases

  • Fruit rot & Anthracnose: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. and Sacc. (Perfect stage Glomerella cingulata (Stoneman) Spauld. & H. Schrenk
  • Alternaria leaf spot: Alternaria spp.
  • Cylindrocladium leaf spot: Cylindrocladium colhounii and Cylindrocladium scoparium
  • Diplodia rot: Botryodiplodia theobromae Patouillard
  • Black canker: Phomopsis annonacearum (Bond) Mont.

Nematodes

  • Spiral nematode: Helicotylenchus spp.
  • Stint nematode: Tylenchorhynchus spp.

Weeds

Grasses
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae
  • Annual brachiaria: Brachiaria deflexa (Schumach.) Robyns Poaceae
  • Viper grass: Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl.) Panzer. Poaceae
  • Dropseed: Sporobolus diandrus (Retz.) P. Beauv., Poaceae
Broadleaf
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. Aizoaceae
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. Amaranthaceae
  • Puncture vine: Tribulus terrestris L. Zygophyllaceae
  • Common cocklebur: Xanthium strumarium L. Asteraceae
  • Asthma herb/Spurge: Euphorbia hirta/geniculate L. Euphorbiaceae
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Stone breaker: Phyllanthus niruri L. Euphorbiaceae
  • Sensitive plant: Mimosa pudica L. Fabaceae
  • Broadleaf woodsorrel: Oxalis latifolia Kunth Oxalidaceae
  • Common Purslane: Portulaca oleracea Portulacaceae
Sedges
  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cypraceae

Rodents

  • Soft furred field rat: Millardia meltada Gray
  • Indian mole rats/Smaller: Bandicoota bengalensis Gray
  • Common house rat: Rattus rattus Linn
  • Bats

IPM for Custard Apple

To know the IPM practices for Custard Apple, click here.

Source: NIPHM, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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