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Fig Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Stem borer: Batocera rufomaculata (De Geer) (Coleoptera: Cerambicidae)
  • Fruit fly: Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  • Fig midge: Anjeerodiplosis peshawarensis Mani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
  • Mealybug: Drosicha stibbingi Green (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • Coccid: Pseudococcus lilacinus Cokerell. (Hemiptea: Pseudococcidae)

Diseases

  • RustCerotelium fici(Castagne) Arthurct pests
  • Anthracnose: Sphaceloma fici caricae Wani & Thirum.
  • Leaf spot: Cylindrocladium scoparium Morgan 8
  • Alternaria rot (Surface mold): Alternaria spp., Cladosporium herbarum (Pers.) Link, Ulocladium altum (Preuss) Sacc.
  • Aspergillus rot: Aspergillus spp
  • Smut: Aspergillus spp.
  • Fig mosaic: Fig mosaic virus (FMV)
  • Leaf Blight: Pellicularia kolerga Cooke
  • Fig Rust: Physopella fici (Castagne) Arthur

Weeds

Broadleaf

  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Tick weed: Cleome viscosa L. (Capparaceae)
  • Horse Purslane: Trainthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Devil’s Horsewhip: Achyranthes aspera L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Creeping thistle: Cirisium arvense (L.)Scop (Asteraceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Spiny Amaranth: Amaranthus spinosus L. (Amaranthaceae)

Grasses

  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae)
  • Crab grass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Yellow foxtail: Setaria glauca (L.) P. Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Southern crab grass : Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler (Poaceae)

Sedges

  • Purple nut sedge : Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Umbrella sedge : Cyperus difformis L. (Cyperaceae)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meliodogyne sp (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)
  • Sheath nematode: Hemicycliophora arenaria Raski (Tylenchida: Criconematidae)
  • Spiral nematodes: Helicotylenchus multicinctus (Cobb) Golden (Tylenchida: Hoplolaimidae)
  • Lance nematodes: Hoplolaimus sp. (Tylenchida: Hoplolaimidae)
  • Dagger nematode: Xiphinema sp. (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae)

Rodents

  • Soft furred orchard rat: Rattus meltada Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Indian mole rats/smaller bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Common house rat: Rattus rattus L. (Rodentia: Muridae)

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Leaf roller: Phycodes minor Moore (Lepidoptera: Brachodidae)
  • Fig moth: Ephestia cautella Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Thrips: Scirtothrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Fig jassids: Velucariae sp
  • Scale: Parlatoria oleae Colvee (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Borer: Aclees sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Disease

  • Mosaic disease (viral disease)

IPM for Fig

To know the IPM practices for Fig, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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