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Peach Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pest

  • Stem borer: Aeolesthes sarta Solsky (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
  • Flat headed borers: Chrysobothris mali Eschscholtz (Coleoptera: Buprestide) &Capnodis tenebrionis Linne (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
  • Peach tree borer: Synanthedon exitiosa Say (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae)
  • Defoliating beetle: Protactia neglecta & Adoretus sp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Hairy caterpillar: Lymantria obfuscata Walker (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)
  • San Jose-scale: Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comstock (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Apricot brown scale: Lecanium corni (Bouché) (Hemiptera: Coccidae)
  • Peach leaf curl aphid: Brachycaudus helichrysi Kaltenbach (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Diseases

  • Frosty mildew: Cercosporella persica (Sacc.) Sacc
  • Peach leaf curl: Taphrina deformans (Berk.) Tul
  • Leaf spot: Phyllosticta cerasicola Speg.
  • Powdery mildew: Sphaerotheca pannosa (Wallr.) Lév, Podosphaera leucotricha(Ellis &Everh.) E.S. Salmon
  • Coryneum blight/shot hole: Wilsonomyces carpophilus (Lév.) M.B. Ellis
  • Silver leaf and canker: Chondrostereum purpureum (Pers.) Pouzar 2.7 White root rot: Dematophora necatrix Berl. exPrill
  • Whisker rot: Rhizopus stolonifer Ehrenb
  • Peach rust: Tranzschelia discolour (Fuckel) Tranz.
  • Collar rot: Phytophthora sp. & Pythium sp
  • Bacterial canker and gummosis: Pseudomonas syringae pv. Morsprunorum (Wormald) Yong
  • Brown rot: Sclerotina fructicola (G. Winter) Rehm & S. fructigena (J.Schröt.) Norton

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Green peach aphid: Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Tent caterpillar: Malacosoma indica Walker (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)
  • Leaf rollers: Archips argyrospilus & subsidiaria sp Walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Peach twig borer/Apricot fruit borer: Anarsia lineatella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
  • Root borer: Dorysthenes hugelli Ridt (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
  • Consperse sting bug: Euschistis conpersus Uhler (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
  • Peach fruit fly: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), B. ciliates & B. dorsali Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  • Green capsid: Lygus pabulinus Franz and Wagner (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Blue beetle: Haltica semipicens (Coleoptera)
  • Blossom thrips: Taeniothrips spp, Frankliniella dampfi Priesner (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Rose chaffer beetle: Macrodactyplus subspinosus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Oriental fruit moth: Grapholitha molester Busck (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae)
  • Peach stem aphid/ Brown Peach aphid/Peach black aphid: Pterochlorus persicae Cholodkovsky (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Chaffer beetle: Adoretus spp (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Plum lakeworm: Cremastopsychae pendula de Joannis
  • Codling moth: Cydia pomonella Li (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Mealy plum aphid: Hyalopterus pruni Geoffroy (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Weeds

Broad leaf weeds

  • Tropical spiderwort: Commelina benghalensis L. Commelinaceae
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae
  • Sowthistles: Sonchus spp. Asteraceae
  • Congress grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Pig weed: Amaranthus viridis L (Amaranthaceae)
  • Lambs Quarter: Chenopodium album (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Spurge: Euphorbia hirta L (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Sorrel: Rumex dentatus L (Polygonaceae)
  • Creeping thistle: Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Asteraceae)

Grassy weeds

  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae
  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.Poaceae
  • Blanket grass: Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. Poaceae
  • Large crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis L. (Scop.) Poaceae
  • Knot grass: Paspalum distichum L. Poaceae
  • Cannary grass: Phalaris miner Retz. Poaceae
  • Crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. Poaceae

Sedges

  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae
  • Flat Sedge: Cyperus iria L. Cyperaceae

IPM for Peach

To know the IPM practices for Peach, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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