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Persimmon Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Mealybug: Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozetti) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Scales: Parthenolecanium corni Bouché (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Hemiberlesia rapax Comstock (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Fruit fly: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae)
  • Twig girdlers & borers: Chrysobothris mali Horn (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
  • Persimmon psylla: Trioza diospyri (Ashmead) (Hemiptera: Psyllidae)
  • Leaf rollers: Hypocala rostrata Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Erebidae)
  • Mites: Orthotydeus sp. (Trombidiformes: Tydeidae)
  • Thrips

Diseases

  • Crown gall: Agrobacterium radiobacter Beijerinck and van Delden
  • Root rot: Dematophora necatrix (Hartig)
  • Cercospora leaf spot: Cercospora kaki Ellis Everhart
  • Circular leaf spot: Mycospharella nawae Hiura Ikata
  • Bitter rot or anthracnose: Gloeosporium kaki Hori
  • Leaf spots: Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Kessl.
  • Post-harvest fruit rot: Penicillium cyclopium Westling
  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. Sacc.

Weeds

Broadleaf

  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium spp. L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Tropical spiderwort: Commelina benghalensis L. (Commelinaceae)
  • Creeping wood sorrel: Oxalis corniculata L. (Oxalidaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
  • Sow thistles: Sonchus spp. (Asteraceae)
  • Congress grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)

Grasses

  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon L. (Poaceae)
  • Wild oat: Avena ludoviciana (L.) Nees. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrica L. Raeusch. (Poaceae)
  • Large crabgrass: Digitaria sanguinalis L. (Scop.) (Poaceae)
  • Knot grass: Paspalum distichum L. (Poaceae)

Sedges

  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Yellow nutsedge: Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae)

Nematode

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)

Rodents

  • Indian mole rat/smaller bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis Gray (Rodentia:
  • Muridae)
  • Soft furred field rat: Milaridia meltada Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)
  • Field mouse: Mus booduga Gray (Rodentia: Muridae)

IPM for Persimmon

To know the IPM practices for Persimmon, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine Storage



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