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Pineapple Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Pineapple mealybug: Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Pineapple scales: Diaspis bromeliae (Kerner) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Thrips: Holopothrips ananasi Costa Lima (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae).
  • Pineapple fruit borer: Strymon megarus Godart (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  • Pineapple fruit fly: Melanoloma canopilosum Hendel, M. viatrix Hendel (Diptera: Richardiidae)
  • Pineapple red mite: Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Banks) (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne javanica
  • Root lesion nematode: Pratylenchus brachyurus
  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis

Diseases

  • Phytophthora heart (top) rot: Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands and P. nicotianae Breda de Haan
  • Phytophthora root rot: Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands
  • Base (butt) rot: Chalara paradoxa (Dade) C. Moreau
  • Fruitlet core rot (green eye): Fusarium guttiforme Nirenberg & O'Donnell and Penicillium funiculosum Thom
  • Fusariosis: Fusarium guttiforme Nirenberg & O'Donnell
  • Green fruit rot: Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands
  • Interfruitlet corking: Penicillium funiculosum Thom
  • Leathery pocket: Penicillium funiculosum Thom
  • Water blister: Chalara paradoxa (Dade) C. Moreau
  • White leaf spot: Chalara paradoxa (Dade) C. Moreau
  • Fruit rot by yeast and candida species: Saccharomyces spp. and Candida spp.
  • Marbling: Pantoea ananatis and Acetobacter spp.
  • Pink disease: Pantoea citrea, Gluconobacter oxydans or Acetobacter aceti
  • Mealybug wilt disease: Ampelovirus transmitted by mealy bugs
  • Yellow spot: Capsicum chlorosis virus (Tospoviruses)

Rodents

  • Indian Porcupine: Hystrix indica (Kerr) (throughout India)
  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis (Gray) (throughout India)
  • Palm rat/House rat: Rattus rattus (Linnaeus) (throughout India)
  • Northern Palm squirrel: Funambulus pennant (Linnaeus) (Northern parts of India)
  • Southern Palm squirrel: Funambulus palmarum (Linnaeus) (Southern parts of India)

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. Amaranthaceae
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. Portualacaceae
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. Amaranthaceae
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L. Asteraceae
Grasses
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. Poaceae
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae
  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Poaceae
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. Cyperaceae

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Sugarcane midget: Elaphira nucicolora (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Bud moth: Opogona sacchari (Bojer) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae)
  • White grubs: Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Fig beetle: Cotinis mutabilis (Gory and Percheron) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Pineapple weevil: Diastethus bromeliarum Champion (Coleoptera: Curculionidae

IPM for Pineapple

To know the IPM practices for Pineapple, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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