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Strawberry Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests
  • Red spider mite: Tetranychus urticae (Koch) (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae)
  • Leaf roller: Ancylis comptana Frölich (Lepidoptera: Totricidae)
  • Thrips: Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • White grubs: Phyllophaga spp. (Harris) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Fruitfly
Diseases
  • Leaf spots: Mycosphaerella fragariae (Lindau)
  • Grey mold: Botrytis cinerea (De Bary)
  • Wilt: Verticillium albo-atrum (Wollenw)
  • Powdery mildew: Sphaerotheca macularis (Braun and Takam)
  • Alternaria spot: Alternaria sp
  • Red stele/Red core: Phytophthora fragariae Hickman
  • Black root rot: Complex disease (fungi nematodes)
  • Anthracnose (black spot): Colletotrichum fragariae A.N. Brooks, Colletotrichum gloeosporoides (Penz.) Penz. . Sacc, Colletotrichum acutatum J.H. Simmonds
  • Angular leaf spot: Xanthomonas fragariae Kennedy King

Weeds

Grass weeds:
  • Burmuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. (Poaceae)
  • Signal grass: Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf (Poaceae)
  • Crab grass: Digitaria spp. (Poaceae)
  • Couch grass: Elymus repens (L.) Gould (Poaceae)
Broadleaf weeds:
  • Sorrel: Oxalis latifolia Kunth (Oxalidaceae)
  • Burclover: Medicago denticulata (Fabaceae)
  • Carpet weed: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Corn spray: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Mock strawberry: Duchesnea indica (Andr). Focke (Rosaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Sweet yellow clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Toothed Dock: Rumex dentatus L. (Polygonaceae)
  • Little mallow: Malwa parviflora L. (Malvaceae) Sedges
  • Yellow nut sedge: Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
Rodents
  • Soft Furred Orchard Rat: Melardia meltada

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests
  • Cutworms: Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Hairy caterpillars: Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)
  • Aphids: Chaetosiphon fragaefolii Cockerell; Aphis Forbesi Weed (Homoptera: Aphididae)
  • Root louse: Aphis Forbesi (Weed) (Homoptera: Aphididae)
  • Gram pod borer
  • Tobocco caterpillar
  • Lygus sp.
Diseases
  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum sp (Brooks)
  • Wilt: Fusarium spp
  • Post harvest rot: Rhizopus nigricans (Ehrenberg)
Nematodes
  • Leaf nematodes/Strawberry crimp nematode: Aphelenchoides fragariae (Ritzema Bos and Christie)
  • Stem nematodes: Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kuhn)
  • Root knot nematodes: Meloidogyne spp (Goldie)

IPM for Strawberry

To know the IPM practices for Strawberry, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantie Storage



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