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Mustard: Natural Enemies

Natural Enemies of Mustard/Rapeseed Insect Pests

Parasitoids

Parasitoids- mustard

Predators

Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests

Natural enemies Attractant/Repellent/Trap plants
Mustard aphids
Parasitoids: Aphelinus spp. Aphytis spp., Diaeretiella rapae (nymphal and adult)
Predators: Ladybird beetles viz., Coccinella septempunctata, Menochilus sexmaculata, Hippodamia variegata and Cheilomones vicina
Syrphid fly: Sphaerophoria spp., Eristallis spp., Metasyrphis spp., Xanthogramma spp. and Syrphus spp.,
Lacewing: Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi, aphid midge: Aphidoletes aphidimyza, predatory bird: Motacilla cospica
Entomopathogenic fungi: Cephalosporium spp., Entomophthora and Verticillium lecanii
Attractant plants: Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis), white mustard (Sinapis alba)
Painted bug
Parasitoid: Alophora spp. (Tachinid fly) (eggs). • Early sowing. Irrigate the crop in IV week after sowing.
Alternate hosts: Weeds: Lambsquarters, purple nutsedge, Euphorbia spp., perennial sowthistle and field bindweed.
• Crop - corn, Sudan grass, sorghum, sunflowers, papaya, potato, cotton, and some legumes
Mustard saw fly
Parasitoids: Perilissus cingulator ( larvae)
Entomopathogen: Bacterium Serratia marcescens
• Summer ploughing to destroy the pupae.
• Irrigation in seedling stage to destroy larvae by drowning.
• Use of bitter gourd seed oil emulsion as an antifeedant
Attractant plants: Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis), white mustard (Sinapis alba), wild radish, (Rhaphanus rhaphanistrum), wild turnip( Brassica rapa)
Bihar hairy caterpillar
Parasitoids: Different species of braconids, trichogrammatids,
Predators: Spiders, long horned grasshoppers, praying mantid, , ants, green lace wing, damsel flies/dragon flies, shield bugs, ladybird beetles, ground beetle, predatory cricket.
Entomopathogen: NPV, Bt.
Pre-monsoon deep ploughing (two/three times) to expose the hibernating pupae to sunlight and predatory birds.
Trap crop : Jatropha , papaya, cowpea, castor, Crotalaria in field bund
Mustard leaf miner
Parasitoids: Gronotoma micromorpha (larval and pupal), Diglyphus isaea (larval), Halticoptera circulus, Opius phaseoli (pupal) Chrysocharis pentheus(larval), Neochrysocharis formosa (larval).
Predators: Lacewings, ladybird beetle, spiders, fire ants.
Attractant plants: Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis), white mustard (Sinapis alba), wild radish (Rhaphanus rhaphanistrum), wild turnip ( Brassica rapa),
• French bean(predatory thrips)
Diamondback moth
Parasitoids: Cotesia plutellae (larval), Apanteles sp (larval), Diadegma insulare (larval), Microplitis plutellae (larval) Attractant plants: Wild mustard (Sinapis arvensis), white mustard (Sinapis alba), wild radish (Rhaphanus rhaphanistrum), wild turnip( Brassica rapa), hedge mustard (Sisymbrium offi cinale)

IPM for Mustard

To know the IPM practices for Mustard, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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