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Oilpalm Pests

Oilpalm Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Spindle bug: Carvalhoia arecae (Miller) (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Root grub: Leucopholis burmeisteri (Brenske) (Coleoptera:Melolonthidae)
  • Rhinocerous beetle: Oryctes rhinoceros (Linneaus) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
  • Red palm weevil: Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Case worm: Pteroma pendula (de Joannis) (Lepidoptera: Psychidae)
  • Acaria sp.

Diseases

  • Stem wet root/ stem bleeding: Theilaviopsis paradoxa (de Seynes)
  • Bud rot disease: Phytophthora palmivora (Butler)
  • Basal stem rot: Ganoderma lucidum (Karst)
  • Bunch rot: Marasmius palmivorus (Sharples)
  • Anthracnose: Botryodiplodia palmarum (Cooker)
  • Leaf spot: Pestalotiopsis spp
  • Bacterial bud rot/Spear rot: Erwinia spp

Weeds

Broad leaf weeds

  • Crofton weed: Eupatorium odoratum L. (Asteraceae)
  • Sensitive plant: Mimosa pudica L. (Fabaceae)
  • Siam weed: Chromolaena odorata (L) R.M. King & H. Rob (Asteraceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L. (Asteraceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Pig weed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • Plantation bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
  • Painted spurge: Euphorbia geniculata (Ortega) Klotzsch & Garcke (Euphorbiaceae)
  • False Mallow: Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke (Malvaceae)

Grassy weeds

  • Cogon grass: Imperata cylindrical (L.) Raeusch. (Poaceae)
  • Goosegrass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner. (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda Grass:Cynodon dactylon (Poaceae)
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae) Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Rodents

  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis
  • Soft furred plantation rat: Millardia meltada
  • Common house rat: Rattus rattus

Vertebrate pest

  • Common mynah: Acidotheres tristis
  • Forest crow

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect and Mite pests

  • Scale: Aspidiotus destructor (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae)
  • Mealy bug: Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae)
  • Termites: Odontotermes obesus (Rambur) (Isoptera: Termiitidae)
  • Nettle caterpillar: Thosea andamanica (Holloway) (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae)
  • Mite: Tetranychus piercei (McGergor) ((Acarida: Tetranychidae)

IPM for Oilpalm

To know the IPM practices for Oilpalm, click here.

Source: NIPHM, Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

Last Modified : 3/1/2020



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