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Safflower Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Gram pod borer/capsule borer: Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Safflower caterpillar: Perigaea capensis (Thunberg) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Safflower aphid: Uroleucon carthami (Theo) (Hemiptera Aphididae)
  • Capsule fly/safflower bud fly: Acanthiophilus helianthi (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Diseases

  • Alternaria blight: Alternaria carthami S. Chowdhury
  • Cercospora leaf spot: Cercospora carthami Sundaram & T.S. Ramakr
  • Powdery mildew: Erysiphe cichoracearum DC.
  • Mosaic: Cucucmber mosaic virus
  • Head rot and wilt: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (L) de Bary
  • Ramularia leaf spot: Ramularia carthami (Zaprometov)
  • Rust: Puccinia carthami (Corda)
  • Wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. carthami Klis. & Houston
  • Root rot: Rhizoctonia bataticola Taubenn (Butler)

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophyllaceae)
  • Onion weed: Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. (Asphodelaceae)
  • Common vetch: Vicia sativa L. (Fabaceae)
  • Wild safflower: Carthmus oxycantha M. Bieb. (Asteraceae)
  • Asthma herb: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Wild poinsettia: Euphorbia zeniculata Ortega (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Camel thorn: Alhagi maurorum Kedik. (Fabaceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
Grasses
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynadon dactylon (L.) (Poaceae)
  • Annual beard grass/annul rabbits foot grass: Polypogon monspliensis (L.) Desf. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus difformis L. (Cyperaceae)
Parasitic plant
  • Broom rape: Orobanche aegyptiaca (Orobanchaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Gujhia weevil: Tanymecus indicus Faust (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

IPM for Safflower

To know the IPM practices for Safflower, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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