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Sesame Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Leaf webber or roller and capsule borer: Antigastra catalaunalis Duponchel (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
  • Gall fly: Asphondylia sesame Felt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
  • Leaf hopper: Orosius albicinctus Distant (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)

Diseases

  • Phyllody: Phytoplasma like organism
  • Dry root rot: Rhizoctonia bataticola Taubenh
  • Phytophthora blight: Phytophthora parasitica var. sesame Dastur
  • Alternaria blight: Alternaria sesame Kawamura (Mohanty & Behera)

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus(L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Cock’s comb: Celosia argentea L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • Asthma herb: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
Grasses
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner (Poaceae)
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae)
  • Crab grass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purplenut sedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Sphinx moth or hawk moth: Acherontia styx Westwood (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae)
  • Bihar hairy caterpillar: Spilosoma obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Punjab)
  • Red hairy caterpillar: Amsacta albistriga Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) (Rajasthan)
  • Pod bug: Elasmolomus sordidus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae)
  • Pentatomid bug: Nezara viridula (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
  • Cotton aphid: Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Diseases

  • Wilt: Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. f. sp. sesame (Maharashtra, Rajasthan)
  • Bacterial blight: Xanthomonas campestris Dowson pv. sesame (Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi)
  • Powdery mildew: Sphaerotheca fuliginea (Schltdl.) Pollacci, Leveillula taurica(Lév.) G. Arnaud, Erysiphe cichoracearum (DC) (Rajasthan)

Nematode

  • Pigeon pea cyst nematode: Heterodera cajani Koshy (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)

IPM for Sesame

To know the IPM practices for Sesame, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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