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Sunflower pests

Pests of National Significance in Sunflower

Insect Pests

  • Tobacco caterpillar: Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Head borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Jassids: Amrasca biguttula Ishida (Homoptera: Cicadellidae)
  • Thrips: Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thripidae: Thysanoptera)
  • Green semilooper: Thysanoplusia orichalcea Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Cabbage semilooper: Trichoplusia ni (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Bihar hairy caterpillar: Spilosoma obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
  • Cutworm: Agrotis ipsilon Rott (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Termite: Odontotermes obesus (Rambur) & Microtermes obeli Hol (Isoptera: Termitidae)

Diseases

  • Alternaria leaf spot: Alternaria helianthi (Hansf.) Tubaki & Nishi
  • Sunflower Necrosis disease: Tobacco Streak Virus
  • Downy mildew: Plasmopara halstedii Farl. Berl. & De Toni
  • Rust: Puccinia helianthi Schwein
  • Sclerotium wilt: Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc
  • Charcoal rot: Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid
  • Sclerotinia wilt and rot: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect Pests

  • Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Armyworm: Spodoptera exigua (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Diseases

  • Head rot: Rhizopus arrhizus Fischer
  • Powdery mildew: Erysiphe cichoracearum f.sp. helianthi DC ex Meret and Sphaerotheca fuliginea (Schlecht.ex Fr) Pollacci

Weeds

Grassy weeds

  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium Willd ( Poaceae)
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica L. Gaertner (Poaceae)
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis L.Scop (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda Grass: Cynodon dactylon (L) Pers (Poaceae)
  • Cannery grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, E. crusgalli (L.) Honda (Poaceae)
  • Viper grass: Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz (Poaceae)
  • Sweet signal grass: Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb (Poaceae)

Broad leaf

  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk (Amaranthaceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus L. Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Tropical spiderwort: Commelina benghalensis L. (Commelinaceae)
  • Stonebreaker: Phyllanthus niruri L. Phyllanthaceae
  • Silver cockscomb: Celosia argentea L. Amaranthaceae
  • Devil's horsewhip: Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae

Sedges

  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L (Cypraceae)
  • Rice flatsedge: Cyperus iria L (Cyperaceae)
  • Yellow nutsedge: Cyperus esculentus L (Cyperaceae)

Vertebrates

  • Birds: Parakeets

IPM for Sunflower

To know the IPM practices for Sunflower, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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