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Blackgram & Greengram Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Spotted pod borer: Maruca vitrata Geyer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Spiny pod borer: Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Blue butterfly: Lampides boeticus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  • Grass blue butterfly: Euchrysops cnejus Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
  • Bihar hairy caterpillar: Spilosoma obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)
  • Stem fly: Ophiomyia phaseoli Tryon (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Pod weevil: Apionam plum Faust (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Bean aphid: Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Leaf hopper: Empoasca kerri Latreille ( Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
  • Podfly: Melanagromyza obtusa (Malloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Lablab bug: Coptosoma cribraria (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Plataspididae)
  • Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
  • Thrips: Megalurothrips usitatus (Bagnall) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Blister beetle: Mylabris spp (Coleoptera: Meloidae)

Nematodes

  • Cyst nematode: Heterodera cajani Koshi (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)
  • Root knot nematode: Meloidogyne incognita (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)

Diseases

  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Sacc. & Magnus) Briosi & Cavara
  • Bacterial leaf blight: Xanthomonas phaseoli Dowson
  • Cercospora leaf spot: Cercospora canescens
  • Powdery mildew: Erysiphe polygoni
  • Root rot and leaf blight: Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn
  • Rust: Uromyces phaseoli G. Winter (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae)
  • Macrophomina blight: Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid.
  • Yellow mosaic disease: Mungbean yellow mosaic virus
  • Leaf crinkle disease: Leaf crinkle virus

Weeds

Broad leaf
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk (Amaranthaceae)
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Tick weed: Cleome viscosa L. (Capparidaceae)
  • Stonebreaker: Phyllanthus niruri L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Common lambsquarter: Chenopodium album L.(Chenopodiaceae)
  • Burclover: Medicago denticulata Willd (Fabaceae)
  • Canada thistle: Cirsium arvensis (L.) Scop (Asteraceae)
  • Field bindweed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
  • Three flowered tickerfoil: Desmodium trifl orum (L.) DC (Fabaceae)
Grasses
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner (Poaceae)
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinocloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. And Jungle rice E. Colona (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • White grub: Holotrichia sp (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) (Haryana)
  • Red spider mite:Tetranychus sp (Trombidiformes: Tetranychidae) (Gujarat)

Nematodes

  • Stunt nematode: Telenchorhynchus sp (Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae)
  • Lesion nematode: Pratylenchus sp (Tylenchida: Pratylenchidae)

IPM for Blackgram & Greengram

To know the IPM practices for Blackgram & Greengram, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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