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Lentil Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Cow pea aphid: Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Pea aphid: Acyrthosiphon pisum Haris (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Leaf weevil: Sitona spp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
  • Lygus bugs: Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae)
  • Cut worm: Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Thrips: Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysanoptea: Thripidae)
  • Pod borers: Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Spiny pod borer: Etiella zinckenella (Treit.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Pulse beetles: Bruchus spp., Callosobruchus spp. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Diseases

  • Root rot and seedling disease: Pythium ultimum Trow, Rhizoctonia solani Kühn
  • Fusarium wilt : Fusarium oxysporum (Schlecht)Snyder & Hansen (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae)
  • Lentis rust: Uromyces fabae (Pers.) Schröt.
  • Ascochyta blight: Ascochyta lentis Jellis & Punith
  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum truncatum (Schwein.) Andrus & Moore
  • Powdery mildew: Erysiphe pisi DC.,
  • Sclerotinia rot/collar rot: Sclerotinia rolfsii Sacc.
  • Pea enation mosaic virus
  • Bean yellow mosaic virus
  • Pea seed borne mosaic virus (PSBMV).

Weeds

Broadleaf weeds

  • Field bind weed: Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae)
  • Lambs quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagalis arvensis (Primulaceae)
  • Onion weed: Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. (Liliaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Benghal dayflower: Commelina benghalensis L. (Commelinaceae)

Grasses

  • Wild oat: Avena ludoviciana (L.) Nees. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae) Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Yellow nutsedge: Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae) Parasitic weed
  • Dodder: Cuscuta spp.(Convolvulaceae)
  • Broomrape: Orobanche spp. (Orobanchaceae)

Nematode

  • Cyst nematode: Heterodera ciceri (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)

IPM for Lentil

To know the IPM practices for Lentil, click here.

Source: NIPHM; Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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