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Rajmash Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Aphid: Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
  • Leaf miner: Melanagromyza trifolii Burgess (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Diseases

  • Mosaic disease: Bean common mosaic virus
  • Root rots: Rhizoctonia and Fusarium species
  • Anthracnose: Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Sacc. & Magnus
  • Water softy rot/Stem rot: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum Lib. De Bary

Weeds

Grasses
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Wild (Poaceae)
  • Burmuda grass: Cynodon dactylon L. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
Broad leaf
  • False daisy: Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. (Asteraceae)
  • Asthma herb: Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae)
  • Scarlet pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Carrot grass: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae)
  • Lambsquarters: Chenopodium album Linn. (Chenopodiaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nut sedge: Cyperus rotundus Linn. (Cyperaceae)

Nematode

  • Root-knot Nematode: Meloidogyne spp.

Rodent

  • Smaller bandicoot

Pest of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Stem fly: Ophiomyia phaseoli Tryon (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Blister beetle: Mylabris macilenta Marseul (Coleoptera: Meloidae)
  • Stem boring weevil, Cypricerces marginatus F (Ostracoda: Cyprididae)
  • Flower beetle, Popillia cyanea Hope (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)

Diseases

  • Rust: Uromyces appendiculatus Pers.
  • Angular leaf spot: Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferr.

Nematodes

  • Lesion nematode: Pratylenchus sp.

Weeds

Grasses
  • Crab grass: Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)
Broadleaves
  • Pig weed: Amaranthus viridis L. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Common purslane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portulacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forsk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Goat weed: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae)
Sedges
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Yellow sedge: Cyperus esculentus L.(Cyperaceae)

IPM for Rajmash

To know the IPM practices for Rajmash, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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