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Redgram Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect pests

  • Pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
  • Podfly: Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch (Diptera: Agromyzidae)
  • Leaf webber: Grapholita critica Meyr (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
  • Spotted pod borer: Maruca vitrata Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
  • Plume moth: Exelastis atom osa Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae)
  • Pulse beetle: Callosobruchus chinensis Linn., C. maculatus Fab. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae )

Diseases

  • Wilt: Fusarium udum E.J. Butler
  • Pigeon pea sterility mosaic: Pigeon pea sterility mosaic virus
  • Stem blight: Phytophthora draschalari f.sp. cajani Mahendra Pal, Grewal & Sarbhoy

Weeds

Broadleaf
  • Horse purslane: Trianthema portulacastrum L. (Aizoaceae)
  • Tick weed: Cleome viscose L. (Capparidaceae)
  • Coat buttons: Tridax procumbens L. (Asteraceae)
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
Grasses
  • Crab grass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
  • Yellow foxtail: Setaria glauca (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae
  • Goose grass: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertner (Poaceae)
  • Bermuda grass: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae)
  • Rabbit/crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium L. Willd. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cyperaceae)
Nematode
  • Pigeonpea cyst nematode: Heterodera cajani Koshy (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Bihar hairy caterpillar: Spilosoma obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) (U.P, Bihar, Haryana)
  • Red headed hairy caterpillar: Amsacta moori B, A. albistriga W. (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) (Rajasthan)
  • Blister beetle: Mylabris pustulata Thunberg (Coleoptera: Meloidae) (Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Orissa, Punjab )
  • Pod bug: Clavigralla gibbosa Spinola (Hemiptera: Coreidae) (Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Haryana, Orissa, Gujarat)
  • Grey weevil: Myllocerus undecimpustulatus Faust (Coleoptera: Curculionidea) (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Cowbug: Otinotus oneratus W, Oxyrachis tarandus F. (Hemiptera: Membracidae) (West Bengal)
  • Aphid: Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka)
  • Pod weevil: Ceuthorrhynchus asperulus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (Karnataka)
  • Scale: Ceroplastodes cajani Maskell (Hemiptera: Coccidae ) (Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat)
  • Mealybug: Phenacoccus solenopsis T, Coccidohystrix insolita Green (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

Diseases

  • Mungbean yellow disease: Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha)
  • Dry root rot: Macrophomina phaseolina Tassi Goid (Uttar Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi )

Nematodes

  • Lance nematode: Hoplolaimus spp (Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh)
  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp. (Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira (Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh)

IPM for Redgram

To know the IPM practices for Redgram, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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